Before the Western world had an influence on them, Africa, like the other continents had stable systems that differed, but resembled other civilizations around the world. Ibn, Battuta, Visit from Mombasa
In documents one and two they explain and evaluate the trading system and routes of the African empires, kingdoms, and cities. Document one shows the layout of the Aksum trade center and the routes which lead to and from it. Aksum is an empire located right by the Red Sea, its location made it an important international trading center. African trade centers mainly focused on the exchanges of salt and gold. Since the red sea ports are controlled by the rea sea and Aksum was located right by it, its locations made it the center of the trade center. However, in document two it describes the trans-Saharan gold and salt trade. The trans-Saharan gold and salt trade was controlled by the rich and powerful Ghana kingdom. The king had shields
The first West African state of record was Ghana which had been ruled by over forty kings by the year 300 A.D. The early Ghanaians were a peaceful and prosperous people who developed an economy based on agriculture and...
Africa is a land of riches like no other, so as expected, European countries would have some sort of desire to conquer properties in whatever way they did. As stated in African Colonies and their Exports Chart, countless of natural resources are found in different areas in Africa. Not only does the data show plenty of resources, but also a variety (Doc D). This confirms that Africa is a wealthy land that Europeans grew fond of and hoped to take over. Specified in Imports and Exports Graph, following the 1900’s, after the conference to divide up Africa was held, Britain decided to use Africa’s natural resources and specialize in many industries. The imports doubled from 4 million pounds, while the exports boosted from 2.5 million all the way to 21 million pounds (Doc. E). With this lucrative increase in trading and selling, it is fair to conclude that not only were resources a factor of beginning imperialism in Africa, but also a successful result.
Africa had been one of the most beautiful richest advanced places in the world. It was civilized, organized and had so much to offer to others. Africa had many empires that were growing strong. Africa was a place that was rich in many areas and had partnerships with many. Africa and Europe had developed diplomat...
Many of the African kingdoms were quite powerful, having wealth, land, military power, and many natural resources. During the early 13th and 14th centuries Africa was in a power struggle, with different groups battling each other for power, land and resources. Some of the first instances of slavery occurred during this time, with the winning group taking captives. Such as in the book we read, Ama. They used to captives mostly for labor purposes but most often sold them and exported them to other countries. This exporting of captives lead to wealth for their captors and was a starting point for the slave trade. The increasing number of West African exports also increased the slave trade. During this time a great deal of trading was happening between Africa and other countries, mainly in Europe. Many resource rich African countries (Kingdoms) traded items such as ivory, gold, animal skins and spices, and in return mainly received salt. Although salt was coveted for its preserving properties, the Africans definitely got the short end of the stick. Thus, draining Africa of its many rich resources, and leaving outsiders to hold a lot of wealth.
In the late nineteenth century, early twentieth century, western nations wanted to expand their territory. After the industrial revolution provided western Nations wealth and technology that could be used to take over less advanced societies. European powers proceeded on building empires in Africa. They found Africa to be home of many valuable natural resources they needed to fuel they industries, and supply cheap raw materials for factories. They wanted new markets where they could trade good produce by factories, and a place to invest profits. European Nations also wanted to spread Christianity, and though themselves to be superior. Meanwhile, powerful industrialized European countries wanted to gain powers by building overseas Empires. Through economic and military powers, European was able to colonize, and dominate Africa. European Imperialism had a negative impact on African’s culture; environment and was racist to African while trying to make them adapt to western manners.
The “salt-gold trade” from the trans-Saharan trade helped the empire to prosper; traders who came to Ghana had to pay tax in order to trade either gold or salt; One gold dinar tax on
One of ancient Africa’s wealthiest kingdoms, Mali, traded with other kingdoms which introduced new ideas and ways of life advancing their civilization. This is an example of how African empires, kingdoms, and cities were advanced civilizations bringing in new ideas and ways of life before the arrival of Europeans. Ancient Africa was able to advance their cultures by their government, trade, and education without the introduction of ideas from the Europeans.
The results of European colonialism shows that the aim of colonialism is to exploit the human and economic resources of an area to benefit the colonizing nation. As a result, the nation that is colonized is affected negatively. In reality, how Europe really affected Africa as a whole is much
Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were similar in their roles in the gold and salt trade, gold and salt notably improved the empire’s economy. To start, gold was plentiful in Wangara while in the Sahara Desert, salt, an essential nutrient to the people, was abundant.ghf Acting as the middleman between the two parties, the empires were able to obtain great wealth by collecting taxes for all goods that entered and exited the empires. The traders of the gold-salt trade agreed to have a middleman because the empires could protect the traders and the goods that were carried using the military power they had over the area. The empires turned to their wealth from trade taxes to run the economy; when the Almoravids cut off Ghana’s trade routes in the 1000s,
There are many similarities between the kingdoms that formed Africa. To begin, trade was heavily relied on in the West, East, South, North, and Central kingdoms. Further, trade created strong links among different kingdoms across Africa. Most African kingdoms became wealthy through trade and the resources they had. The Eastern, Southern, and Western kingdoms bought or sold gold for trade. Moreover, family was very important as well as staying loyal to them and whomever was in the lineage. Finally, the main religion of the kingdoms was Islam. The majority of people were very faithful to their religions.
“Caravans of Gold”, a video by Basil Davison discovers and highlights numerous assets about gold and its prominent role in Africa. Additionally, the video examines some of the past and influential empires and their achievements. Davison discusses the history of Africa before the arrival of Europeans to demonstrate how Africa was already a well-flourished continent. “Caravans of Gold” also discusses many topics such as the Mali Empire, trading systems, and the use of gold which shows the audience of the video of how Africa was. In the long run, the aim of the video is to give the audience of the video an understanding of how the empires in Africa used its resource of gold to flourish.
...ut whether the Scramble for Africa was the spawn of typical imperialist greediness or necessity from the Industrial Revolution -- however, a conclusion that one is able to draw is that it shaped the continent and greatly contributed to its state today. The three most important imperialist powers involved in the colonization of Africa were France, Germany and Britain -- each left their deep “footprints” and had tremendous influence on the continent. France primarily made a cultural and political impact, while Germany’s legacies involved the bitter aftertaste of genocide; the United Kingdom, on the other hand, left the English language, which is a hallmark of its successes with imperialism and colonization. In essence, Africa was affected by historical imperialism to a great extent -- it remains very difficult to ascertain whether the effects were positive or negative.
There was one reason why people form all around west Africa and even to Arab states all came to Mali because of gold. They used and traded gold for salt that they very much needed for survival. Mali was located in West Africa. After the fall of Ghana, Mali rose in its place in the 1200s. Mali was built on goldfields, and Malis goldfields were one of the largest supplies of gold in the Afro-Asian world. IN West Africa south of the Sahara did not provide enough salt for the people so West Africans were eager to buy salt form Berbers who mine and sell it for gold. Another fact is, “The rulers of Ghana and Mali would not let any Arab or Berber merchant travel to the goldfields, and kept the location of the goldfields secret. No one wanted competition