Erasmus And Martin Luther And The Church Essay

Erasmus And Martin Luther And The Church Essay

Length: 1332 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

No longer politically powerful as it had been in the thirteenth century, the church could no longer dominate kings and prices as it once had, (Wolf, 149). The church was being neglected by people because the Black Death had been going around; there was nothing that the church could do, so people slowly lost faith. The church had very little control over the economy. In fact, the only thing that the church could take advantage of was the people’s longing for salvation, (Wolf, 149). Desiderius Erasmus and Martin Luther both found faults within the church. Erasmus was not as violent as Luther, although they did criticize many of the same abuses. Luther expressed his belief in salvation by faith. Erasmus did not like Luther’s attack on the church authority as well as his strident language. Erasmus was concerned about ignorance and Luther was concerned about sin, (Wolf, 153). They wanted to reform the church because people kept getting lost in the translation of the Scripture and because people did not know how to achieve salvation properly.
Erasmus of Rotterdam was born the bastard child of a priest on October 27, 1466, (Wolf, 151). Erasmus’ parents died when he was fourteen of the Bubonic Plague. He also received a humanistic education at a monastic school in the Netherlands, which stressed inward spirituality and the devotion to Christ more than doctrine or dogma, (Wolf, 151). Erasmus entered an Augustinian monastery at Steyn in 1487, (Wolf, 151). Soon thereafter, claiming to be sick, he took the vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience and was ordained a priest in 1492. Although in
1495, he went to Paris, where he attended the University of Paris, working on a doctor’ s degree in theology. Erasmus was captivated to the study of...


... middle of paper ...


...Luther expressed his belief in salvation by faith. Erasmus was concerned about ignorance and Luther was concerned about sin, (Wolf, 153). What their differences say about them is that they were both trying to approach people from a different perspective. Luther helped people achieve salvation because that is what they were worried about; all of them were not worried if the Scripture got lost in translation. Their lives were much shorter and precarious back then than it is now. The works of both Erasmus and Luther brought about many changes in the Christian church. Western Christendom was fragmented into hundreds of denominations and sect, (Wolf, 158). Many of the Catholics and the Protestants rejected the muted calls for a measure of mutual tolerance. It was common for people to prove their love for God by hatred of their “heretic” or “Papist” neighbor, (Wolf, 158).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Erasmus And Martin Luther And Erasmus Essay

- During the time of the Reformation, two men, Martin Luther and Desiderius Erasmus, attempted to reform the errors of the Roman Catholic Church. Erasmus and Luther saw Christianity as a form of inner devotion to Christ. These two men, along with others, felt as if the church needed reform. However, there was a great gap between the beliefs of Martin Luther and Erasmus. Luther was bound by the word of God, therefore scripture was more important to him. But, Erasmus did not hold the same value of importance towards scripture, he placed logic and reason above it....   [tags: Catholic Church, Protestant Reformation]

Better Essays
1530 words (4.4 pages)

Desiderius Erasmus' The Praise of Folly Essay

- Desiderius Erasmus' The Praise of Folly    Originally meant for private circulation, the Praise of Folly, by Desiderius Erasmus, scourges the abuses and follies of the various classes of society, especially the church. It is a cold-blooded, deliberate attempt to discredit the church, and its satire and stinging comment on ecclesiastical conditions are not intended as a healing medicine but a deadly poison. The Praise of Folly, by Desiderius Erasmus, takes on a very diverse form of life during sixteenth century Europe....   [tags: Desiderius Erasmus Praise of Folly]

Free Essays
1502 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on The Religious Ideas Of Martin Luther

- Martin Luther is considered one of the most instrumental individuals in Christian history for his role in the sixteenth century Protestant Reformation that severed the powerful religious, political, and social grip the Catholic Church had upon European society (1). Luther did not set out to be a revolutionary, but simply questioned the church 's marketing of indulgences that offered the buyer or their deceased loved one absolution from the penalty of sin (2). Luther’s famous “Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences,” or “95 Theses” argued against the sale of indulgences, but Luther also ultimately disagreed with many of the fundamental religious philosophies of the medieval Cath...   [tags: Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther]

Better Essays
1142 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Martin Luther 's Reform Movement

- It was a fact that Martin Luther’s reform movements calling for religious and social reform gain many followers, but one thing he failed to realize, was the important impact his reformation would cause for the future of Christendom. Although Luther started the Reformation, he did not intend to split the church or create dissent, he really just wanted to correct a few things that he thought were wrong. However, little did Luther know, he would become the needed trigger that would ignite the Protestant Reformation that many Christens held within them....   [tags: Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther]

Better Essays
961 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Erasmus and Praise of Folly

- Desiderius Erasmus wrote his seminal masterpiece of christian humanism “Praise of Folly” in 1511, yet the effects and influence of this small piece of cathartic, witty banter would permeate social consciousness in the european renaissance mind and play a significant role in the revolutionary state of church politics in the days before and after Martin Luther’s reformation. In his mere 40,000 words, Erasmus succeeded in highlighting most of contemporary critical theory about the Catholic church and the state of spiritualism as a whole through the ingenious conceit of the lady, Folly....   [tags: Critique, Popular Devotion]

Better Essays
1747 words (5 pages)

The Reformation in Europe: Three Individuals that Made It Happen Essay

- During the Reformation in Europe, many changes were brought about. Among these changes included people such as Erasmus, Martin Luther, the peasants of Swabia, and King Henry VIII. These people brought about some of the most important changes in European history. Without these individuals Europe would be a completely different country than what it is today. In the Northern European Renaissance lived a scholar by the name of Erasmus. Erasmus was particularly concerned with the corruption going on within the Church....   [tags: Erasmus, Martin Luther, King Henry VIII]

Better Essays
783 words (2.2 pages)

On the Bondage of the Will, by Martin Luther Essay

- The year is 1524; Desiderius Erasmus, the famed humanist scholar, has finally chosen a side in the debate between the Catholic Church and Martin Luther by publishing his Diatribe on Free Will (Waibel 71). Prompted by Pope Adrian IV to distance his own humanist work from the spiritual reform of Luther, Erasmus’s Free Will asserts how important humanity’s freewill is in the effort of salvation (Tomlin 139). His view was a direct assault against Luther's own vocal opinion on the subject (Waibel 72)....   [tags: Free Will, Biblical Worldview]

Better Essays
1542 words (4.4 pages)

Impact of Martin Luther Essay

- "Luther was a German patriot. He was never a nationalist in the modern sense of the word. Luther was, above all, a pastor, professor of theology and iconic figure of the Protestant Reformation. Luther has been variously identified as an advocate of absolute monarchy, democracy, individual freedom, intellectual repression, nationalism, internationalism, spirituality and secularism. He was a religious figure; his battles were fought over theological issues that may seem to us obscure but whose implications touched every area of life, individual and corporate....   [tags: Religion, History]

Better Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about The Protestant Reformation

- During the Reformation period, there were a few individuals whose ideas had a great impact on society. Two of these people are Martin Luther and Desiderius Erasmus. While they shared similar ideas about what religion should be, there were also ways in which they differed. Martin Luther was an extremely intelligent man, who gave up law school to become a monk. He created some turmoil in the Catholic Church community with some of his ideas on what religion should be. Using the printing press as his weapon of choice, Luther looked to spread his ideas around to the common man....   [tags: Comparing Martin Luther and Desiderius Erasmus]

Better Essays
634 words (1.8 pages)

Martin Luther: Influential Preacher and Reformist Essay

- Martin Luther: Influential Preacher and Reformist Luther was born in Eisleben, Germany, the son of Hans Luther, who worked in the copper mines, and his wife Margarethe. He went to school at Magdeburg and Eisenach, and entered the University of Erfurt in 1501, graduating with a BA in 1502 and an MA in 1505. His father wished him to be a lawyer, but Luther was drawn to the study of the scriptures, and spent three years in the Augustinian monastery at Erfurt. In 1507 he was ordained a priest, and went to the University of Wittenberg, where he lectured on philosophy and the Scriptures, becoming a powerful and influential preacher....   [tags: Biography Biographies Essays]

Free Essays
786 words (2.2 pages)