Essay about Elements Of Design Of Each Painting

Essay about Elements Of Design Of Each Painting

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Now that there is an understanding of the paintings and their history we will compare and contrast the elements of design of each painting. The first element of design that will be looked at is line. Line has two characteristics, one is direction and the other is linear quality. Direction of line is “related to our experience of gravity” (Notes). These lines can be either horizontal or vertical. Horizontal lines are calm and balanced lines as seen in “The Death of Socrates”. Vertical lines “defy gravity” (Notes) and contain dynamic lines. Dynamic lines are diagonal lines that give art work a sense of movement, implied action. They use of vertical lines is best seen in “The Death of Sardanapalus” because of the dynamic use of lines in the painting that give movement to the painting. Both paintings use different types of lines to make the picture say something through the styles they represent.
Linear quality is seen in both paintings. These lines can add direction, speed and mood or “can possess certain intellectual, emotional, and expressive qualities” (Notes). There are two categories for linear quality, one being analytical, classical, or expressive, anticlassical. “The Death of Socrates” by David is a classical painting due to the controlled and precise use of lines. When looking at David’s painting everything is proportional. David was able to create a controlled and precise painting because he used a grid when he was painting. That is why you see the repetitive use of ninety degree angles in the painting. In contrast to David painting “The Death of Socrates”, Delacroix painting “The Death of Sardanapalus” uses anticlassical lines.
“The Death of Sardanapalus” uses spontaneous curves and swirls and expressive lines. Unlik...

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...e Death of Sardanapalus” have in common is their use of atmospheric perspective. Atmospheric perspective is where “forms which are far in the distance lose their clarity and sharpness due to dust and moisture in the atmosphere” (Notes). In “The Death of Socrates” the women in the back ground are examples of atmospheric perspective. Even though you can tell they are women they are not clear like the men that are in the painting. In “The Death of Sardanapalus” the figure that are in the dark near the bed in also an example of atmospheric perspective. Even though they have common characteristics there are differences too. A difference between the two painting is that in “The Death of Socrates” painting there is a foreground, middle ground and background, but in “The Death of Sardanapalus” painting it is tipped up towards the viewer because of the use of dramatic lines.

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