Essay PreviewMore ↓
The amount of music that is being downloaded is slowly dropping because of the lawsuits that the industries have filed against hundreds of people relating to copyright infringement.
. . .
Record labels have been blaming the fall of their profits on illegal distribution of music. Nearly 75 percent of college students have downloaded music from the Internet, 58 percent of them using Napster, according to a study by Greenfield Online, a Connecticut research firm, and YouthStream Media Networks. 6 billion in lost wages and more than $1. It is impossible to accurately estimate how many files are downloaded using peer-to-peer systems, but claiming that each download represents a loss is irrational. Many people download out of curiosity, to check out an artist, which often leads to a sale.
The other side of the story is that sharing music online does not kill CD sales. Although the record labels can legally demand around $150,000 per song, people well known with the cases have said most settlements have been for $2,500 to $7,500.
In conclusion, the topic of whether downloading hurts the industry or not is a very touchy and indefinite one. 'Our issues are financial, not operational,' E. Researchers at Harvard University and the University of North Carolina tracked music downloads over 17 weeks in 2002, matching data on file transfers with actual market performance of the songs and albums that were downloaded.
How to Cite this Page
"Effects Of Downloading." 123HelpMe.com. 13 Nov 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- A man gets a choice between downloading an album for free, with a click of a button or driving down to a music store and paying $15 for the same album, and running the risk of not finding that album at all. What will choose. In 1999, Sean Parker, John Fanning and Shawn Fanning developed a website called ‘Napster’ which first introduced us to the most important aspect of music piracy in the modern world, called the Internet. Free music was being shared through means of Internet and technology, and I strongly believe that this was the beginning of the still growing effects of music piracy.... [tags: downloading, music, napster]
2035 words (5.8 pages)
- A teenager named Tom, walked into a music store last week and went straight to his favorite music section. After looking around for a short amount of time he spotted the CD he wanted. Tom then tore the magnetic sensor off the front of the package, stuffed the CD down his pants and then proceeded to walk through the front doors of the store, stealing the CD. Most people would say what Tom did was against the law and he should be punished for the crime. What if I was to say this crime happens thousands of times per hour everyday, in a slightly different way and the people who commit the crime get away with it almost every time.... [tags: Papers]
523 words (1.5 pages)
- The Birth of Napster To The Death of Privacy One of the most debated issues before our society is the issue of internet privacy. Privacy is such a valued concept that in today's world we pay good money in order to keep intruders out of our computer systems and out of our lives. Peer-to-Peer downloading is a major factor to the internet privacy issue. Peer-to-Peer downloading (also known as "file sharing") is considered by Microsoft to be "the act of making files on one computer accessible to others on a network." The original use of file sharing was simply meant for users to send files to one another.... [tags: Peer-to-Peer Downloading P2P File Sharing]
2046 words (5.8 pages)
- Nowadays, most people can search for what they want through the Internet. The Internet has become powerful because it allows people to share or copy music, pictures, movies, software and different formats of documents. We know the Internet allows sharing of all kinds of information but that doesn’t mean it should be unrestricted. Through the Internet, people can find many materials and download them as references or for general interest, and some of these files are cheap or even free. Therefore, music downloading has become a popular way for people to get audio files.... [tags: Music Downloading]
1009 words (2.9 pages)
- The Effects of Smartphones Smartphones are useful and have drastically changed peoples lives, however, more attention needs to be focused on the negative effects smartphones have caused the population. People in this generation have gotten so caught up with their smartphone; being so addicted to the screen, never loosing sight of it. Not only are smartphones a huge distraction from the important things in life, but they have also made it harder for people to communicate with each other. To most people, smartphones are their main source of communication, not realizing that smartphones are making them more detached to the idea of coexisting with one another and communicating with real people... [tags: Mobile phone, Want, WANT, Smartphone]
979 words (2.8 pages)
- Human’s life has changed. Most of the people have come to cities instead of towns. Kids spend most of their time inside houses either watching TV or playing computer and maybe do their homework. Internet is one of the most recent changes in the last two decays. Not surprisingly, this new phenomenon is perhaps one of the greatest inventions of the last century, but unfortunately this occurrence has made some negative impact on our society and children. Teenagers are the most common group of society who can get artificial by the internet.... [tags: Internet]
775 words (2.2 pages)
- Reading Copyright and the Issue of Downloading When you buy music legally, there is usually a copyright mark somewhere on the product. Stolen music generally does not bear a copyright mark or warning. Either way, the copyright law still applies. A copyrighted creative work does not have to be marked as such to be protected by law. “The copyright allows the holder to control the reproduction, display, distribution, and performance of a protected work,” (Corley, Moorehead,, Reed, & Shedd, 2004).... [tags: Copyright Law Illegal downloading]
1426 words (4.1 pages)
- Downloading from the Internet The first step on downloading a file or a program from the internet is to have access to the internet. When a person wants to download a specific file or program off of the internet, that person need to take into consideration the source that it comes from. There are many considerations to consider when downloading certain files or programs from the internet, one of these considerations are weather if the file or program is corrupted or has a virus attached to it.... [tags: Process Downloading Internet Web]
708 words (2 pages)
- Computer Viruses and their Effects on the Computer In our health-conscious society, viruses of any type are an enemy. Computer viruses are especially pernicious. They can and do strike any unprotected computer system, with results that range from merely annoying to the disastrous, time-consuming and expensive loss of software and data. And with corporations increasingly using computers for enterprise-wide, business-critical computing, the costs of virus-induced down-time are growing along with the threat from viruses themselves.... [tags: Computers Software Technology Essays]
5815 words (16.6 pages)
- Effects of computers on society Internet The internet was a major break-through in computing. It enabled people to communicate and transfer information. The internet has been around for about 30 years and is always changing. It has many different uses. It can be used for video and teleconferencing, finding information, buying products, downloading programmes and music and much more. I think that the internet has helped society a great deal. On the other hand, it does have its disadvantages as anything can be found on the internet, whether it is good or bad.... [tags: Computer Science]
952 words (2.7 pages)
Since illegally downloading files has become more common, there has been much controversy about whether infringement of copyrighted music has either hurt or helped CD sales.
Some economic studies have found that file sharing has a negative impact on record sales. For example, three papers published in the April 2006 issue of the Journal of Law and Economics (Liebowitz, Rob and Waldfogel, Zentner) all found harm from filesharing. Alejandro Zentner notes in another paper published in 2005 (Topics in Economic Analysis & Policy), that music sales have globally dropped from approximately $38 billion in 1999 to $32 billion in 2003, and that this downward trend coincides with the advent of Napster in June of 1999. Finally, using aggregate data Stan J. Liebowitz argues in a series of papers (2005, 2006) that file sharing had a significant negative impact on record sales.
However, the most widely cited paper concludes that file sharing has no negative effect on CD sales. This paper by Olberholzer-Gee and Strumpf, was published in the February 2007 issue of the Journal of Political Economy, and is the only paper which analyzes actual downloads on file sharing networks. As staff writer John Borland of CNET News.com reports, “even high levels of file-swapping seemed to translate into an effect on album sales that was ‘statistically indistinguishable from zero,’ they [the researchers] wrote.” From data gathered from the many weeks of tracking downloading on OpenNap servers they found that most users logged on very rarely and when they did log on they only downloaded a little more than one CD’s worth of songs. To show how these downloads affected album sales they tracked sales and downloads of 500 random albums of varying genres and after doing so found that illegal downloads would only be a small force in the decrease in album sales, possibly even slightly improving album sales of the top albums in stores at the time.
Some researchers believe that massive copying has been occurring ever since the invention of tape cassettes and the increased economic impact of simpler access to copying provided by computer networks does not seem to have been large..
According to an article published by the Almighty Institute of Music Retail, an estimation of 900 independent record stores have closed since 2003, leaving 2,700 nationwide. Carolyn Draving, the owner of Trac Records is being closed after 32 years and she believes the downfall is a direct result of the illegal internet. She states that she lost many long-time consumers to the internet and knows for certain that a few stopped coming in because they just downloaded instead. Another owner, Warren Greene of Spinsters Records claims that nobody buys CD’s anymore and that most of his customers have turned to the internet in order to obtain their music.
In order to keep these smaller record stores alive, owners are having to find alternative means to stay afloat. Greene has saved his store from going under “...by finding a new product to sell: T-shirts emblazoned with digital images.”He purchased a digital garment printing machine that lets him print any digital photo a customer wants onto a T-shirt. The shirts sell for $20 to $25, and are creating a higher profit margin than the sale of CD’s.
An article posted in the Wall Street Journal have found that CD sales have dropped 20% since last year, which they say is the latest sign of the shift in the way people acquire their music. While the music industry, along with other types of media such as film and TV are having a difficult time adapting to the digital age, BigChampagne LCC has reported that around one billion songs a month are being traded on illegal file-sharing networks. As a result of this decline in CD sales, a significant amount of record stores are going out of business and “...making it harder for consumers to find and purchase older titles in stores.”