Mr. Edward Estlin Cummings was born on October 14, 1894 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was the first born of twochildren, his parents were Edward Cummings and Rebecca Haswell Clarke (Smelstor 2). In 1899, his family bought Joy Farm, an idyllic retreat the White Mountains. This is where Cummings would spend most of his summers. The pastoral surroundings and good country neighbors instilled in him a love of nature, simple pleasures, and humble, decent folk (Bloom 12). These things became common themes of his poetry (Bloom 12).
Cummings enrolled in Harvard in 1911, and focused his studies on classics and literature, graduating magna cum laude four years later and staying on an extra year to earn his masters in English (Bloom 12). By 1915, he had earned a M.A. in English and classical studies (Aliprandini 1). After graduation Cummings moved to New York and obtained his first and only job as a clerk for a mail-order bookseller. Three months later he quit and went to work full-time on his poetry and paintings (Bloom 13). The following year he sailed for France as a volunteer in the Morton Harjes Ambulance Corps of the American Red Cross (Smelstor 2).
Incarcerated in France during the First World War for subordination by the American army, he was skeptical of Uncle Sam, but, after being spied on during a trip to Russia in the '30s, he berated the Communist project that captivated many of his artist friends (Doherty 61). In Normandy, the...
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...crippled by arthritis and wore a brace that forced him to conduct these readings while sitting in a straight backed kitchen chair (Smelstor 2). His family divided their time between New York and his family farm in New Hampshire until his death from a stroke (Aliprandini 2).
Cummings was an amazing writer and he is well know for it. He had very different techniques of his writing. His poems for example, had more than just writing. They had personality and individuality.
Aliprandini, Michael E.E. Cummings. New York: Great Neck Publishing, 2005.
Bloom, Harold. Biography of E.E. Cummings. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2003.
"Cummings, E.E." World Book Online InfoFinder. World Book, 2014. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.
Doherty, Mike. E.E. Cummings: A Life. Toronto: Rogers Publishing, 2004. Print.
Smelstor, Marjorie, ed. E.E. Cummings. New York: Salem Press, 2006.
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