Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Versus Civil and Politica Rights Essay

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The key questions addressed are conceptualizing economic, social and cultural rights (ESC rights) and civil and political rights (CPR rights) and how they can be implemented in the international sphere. The former provokes whether or not those two rights can be comprehended in the same way while the latter speculates whether identical solutions can be used to integrate them worldwide.
This essay will argue that these two different rights can neither be conceptualized as the same nor be incorporated mainly because of historical accidents and consequences of the accidents such as nature of the rights and behaviours of imposing states and receiving states.
My argument develops in three parts. First I will examine historical events related to the rights in order to comprehend the fundamental of international human rights which consist of CPR and ESC rights. Second, I will explore the nature of the rights themselves. Third, I will consider purposes of implementing states and acceptability of states being influenced. Finally, I will demonstrate why two separated rights should integrate together under international human rights.
Historical accidents (Read page 166)
Human rights are remarkably created under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948 and gradually evolved. However, both the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural rights (ICESC) were constituted only in 1966. At this time the U.S championed the former while the Soviet Union promoted the latter given the legacy of world war II and the Cold war. Despite the separated commitment, U.S still abuses civil and political rights in its own country such as discriminating black...

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...evelopment disparity and cultural relativism (Murdie and David, 2012).


Cohen, Joshua. "Minimalism about human rights: the most we can hope for?."Journal of Political Philosophy 12, no. 2 (2004): 190-213.
Gleick, Peter H. "The human right to water." Water Policy 1, no. 5 (1998): 487-503.
Ignatieff, Michael. "Moral prohibition at a price." 2005 (2005): 18-27.
Ignatieff, Michael. "The attack on human rights." Foreign Affairs (2001): 102-116.

Kumar, C. Raj. "National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Toward the Institutionalization and Developmentalization of Human Rights." Human Rights Quarterly 28, no. 3 (2006): 755-779.

Murdie, Amanda M., and David R. Davis. "Shaming and Blaming: Using Events Data to Assess the Impact of Human Rights INGOs1." International Studies Quarterly 56, no. 1 (2012): 1-16.

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