The key questions addressed are conceptualizing economic, social and cultural rights (ESC rights) and civil and political rights (CPR rights) and how they can be implemented in the international sphere. The former provokes whether or not those two rights can be comprehended in the same way while the latter speculates whether identical solutions can be used to integrate them worldwide.
This essay will argue that these two different rights can neither be conceptualized as the same nor be incorporated mainly because of historical accidents and consequences of the accidents such as nature of the rights and behaviours of imposing states and receiving states.
My argument develops in three parts. First I will examine historical events related to the rights in order to comprehend the fundamental of international human rights which consist of CPR and ESC rights. Second, I will explore the nature of the rights themselves. Third, I will consider purposes of implementing states and acceptability of states being influenced. Finally, I will demonstrate why two separated rights should integrate together under international human rights.
Historical accidents (Read page 166)
Human rights are remarkably created under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948 and gradually evolved. However, both the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural rights (ICESC) were constituted only in 1966. At this time the U.S championed the former while the Soviet Union promoted the latter given the legacy of world war II and the Cold war. Despite the separated commitment, U.S still abuses civil and political rights in its own country such as discriminating black...
... middle of paper ...
...evelopment disparity and cultural relativism (Murdie and David, 2012).
Cohen, Joshua. "Minimalism about human rights: the most we can hope for?."Journal of Political Philosophy 12, no. 2 (2004): 190-213.
Gleick, Peter H. "The human right to water." Water Policy 1, no. 5 (1998): 487-503.
Ignatieff, Michael. "Moral prohibition at a price." 2005 (2005): 18-27.
Ignatieff, Michael. "The attack on human rights." Foreign Affairs (2001): 102-116.
Kumar, C. Raj. "National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Toward the Institutionalization and Developmentalization of Human Rights." Human Rights Quarterly 28, no. 3 (2006): 755-779.
Murdie, Amanda M., and David R. Davis. "Shaming and Blaming: Using Events Data to Assess the Impact of Human Rights INGOs1." International Studies Quarterly 56, no. 1 (2012): 1-16.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Although there was significant improvement in the lives of black people through the Success of the civil rights movement by the late 1960s, there were also some failures and aspects that the civil rights movement had not achieved. These failures were social, economical, political and cultural. These failures included the fact that some laws were not upheld. Black people saw this as an injustice and inconvenience and as a failure economically. There was unemployment to a certain degree amongst the black community, as over 10% of black people were unemployed.... [tags: 1960s Civil Rights Movement in America]
640 words (1.8 pages)
- Around 1900 the situation for blacks was dire. They suffered extreme discrimination and were frequently the victims of violence in the South. Blacks could not vote and their career opportunities remained limited. White society excluded blacks from equal participation in many areas of public life; they wanted to keep blacks in a position of economic, political, social and cultural subservience. After the Civil War, the USA offered civil rights and laws privileges to African-Americans. The USA government passed an amendment ending slavery in 1865; the Thirteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.... [tags: Black Civil Rights Movement]
1139 words (3.3 pages)
- ... No one should be denied their rights because of their skin color. No one should be denied their human rights because of their sexual orientation. They should not be denied their rights because they are of a different religion. For example, the right to education cannot be fully realized if gender, racial or other forms of discrimination limit access to education. The right to a free education is a great example of how rights are indivisible, interdependent, and interrelated. Before the decision of Brown v.... [tags: Human rights]
1176 words (3.4 pages)
- The civil rights movement influenced the women’s liberation movement in four key ways. First, it provided women with a model for success on how a successful movement should organize itself. Second, the civil rights movement broadened the concept of leadership to include women. Third, by fighting for equality, the civil rights movement changed the culture of advocacy and made social justice a legitimate cause. Finally, by eventually excluding women, the civil rights movement spurred women to organize their own movement.... [tags: Black Civil Rights Movement]
1779 words (5.1 pages)
- On July 5, 1954, forty-nine days after the Supreme Court handed down the decision on the Brown vs. Board of Education case, a nineteen year old truck driver recorded an Arthur Crudup blues track called “That’s All Right Mama” (Bertrand 46). Memphis disc jockey Dewey Phillips found the cut and played it on his radio show a few weeks later. He received calls all over from people, mostly white, who wanted to hear more. He quickly located the musician and brought him into the studio for an interview, audiences were shocked to learn that Elvis was white (Bertrand 46).... [tags: Black Civil Rights Movement]
3872 words (11.1 pages)
- The goal of this project is to provide a useful tool in more fully understanding the underlying principles of reproductive rights as a concept of human rights. This will be done by discussing the topics surrounding reproductive rights, as well as the interconnected relationships between the rights, entities, viewpoints, and individuals involved. The observations made in this paper will be utilized in a website. This provides a rich foundation for learning, not only through comfort of access, but through the use of more interactive-based learning tools.... [tags: Human Rights]
1261 words (3.6 pages)
- Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the discourse of international human rights and its importance has increasingly become indoctrinated in the international community. In the context of political and economic development, there have been debates on how and which rights should be ordered and protected throughout different cultures and communities. Though there is a general acceptance of international human rights around the globe, there is an approach that divides them into civil and political rights and social and economic rights, which puts emphasis where it need not be.... [tags: international community, covenant]
1488 words (4.3 pages)
- ... The existing crowd, began to dye another color. We are talking here about another massive mobilization: the black community struggling inserted in the same civilized spaces that only whites enjoyed. They felt the same rights, but were still undervalued by society. In turn hyperdemocracy succeeded where the mass began to act directly without law through pressures and imposing their rights and aspirations. "The mass overwhelms everything different, egregio, detached, qualified and select. Whoever is ...... [tags: Civil disobedience, Nonviolence]
1296 words (3.7 pages)
- Writing in 1963 James Baldwin declared, “America, of all the Western Nations, has been best placed to prove the uselessness and the obsolescence of the concept of color. But it has not dared to accept this opportunity, or even to conceive of it as an opportunity” (340). It would be James Baldwin’s vision that he would be able to walk into a restaurant or walk the streets of a city and not be called “boy”. This concept should have been achieved by the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but through the eyes of many African Americans it wasn’t.... [tags: The Civil Rights Movement]
3718 words (10.6 pages)
- Human Rights: Yet another commodity for the new society or a necessity. As one stands on the doorsteps of a new millennium, one can only imagine the future ahead. With the globalization movement making its way around the world, issues such as human rights are coming up, and are becoming international issues of concern rather than local ones. International organizations monitor governments and note the extent to which those governments adhere to and respect human rights. In the age of globalization, free trade between the nations of the world exists along with a sizeable transfer of knowledge and technology.... [tags: Human Rights Essays]
2131 words (6.1 pages)