Our country observes non-violent protest every day, whether it be through strikes, meetings, or marches. Many of these demonstrations have proved to be effective, and have gained respect over time. However, while philosophies of civil dispute and nonviolence may seem like a well-accepted idea today, many who fought for this type of negotiation were often considered radical for their introduction of it to society. Among those transcendentalists was Henry David Thoreau, who wrote “Civil Disobedience”, Mohandas Gandhi, who wrote “Satyagraha”, and Martin Luther King Jr., who wrote “Letters from Birmingham Jail”. Henry David Thoreau used the theory of transcendentalism in “Civil Disobedience.” These three transcendentalists influenced the world’s belief in civil disobedience today.
Now, the real question is what is transcendentalism? Transcendentalism is the idea that we connect or find ourselves through nature while having a positive outlook on the world. A transcendentalist would be: optimistic, have a connection to nature, express ones individual experience, be self-reliant, and commit to non-conformity. Thoreau, Gandhi, and King all had these qualities. “Thoreau, Gandhi, and King are “heroes to us today, because they represent those individual consciences of the world which, as opposed to the mass mind, best represent the universal conscience of mankind”” (Carton1). The one man that sticks out of the group of 3 is Thoreau. “At the time of Thoreau’s death from tuberculosis at age 44, he was viewed as an unsuccessful nature writer. Today, however, he is known as the father of American nature writing and an important political thinker.” (Alan 378) So basically Thoreau is where this great idea of transcendental writing came from. ...
... middle of paper ...
CARTON, EVAN. “The Price of Privilege.”The American Scholar 67.4 (1998): 105. Academic One File. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.
Gandhi, Mohandas. “On Civil Disobedience.” Holt McDougal Literature: American Literature. Janet Allen, et al. Orlando: Houghton Milligan Harcourt, 2012. 400-401. Print.
King, Martin. “Letters from Birmingham Jail.” Holt McDougal Literature: American Literature. Janet Allen, et al. Orlando: Houghton Milligan Harcourt, 2012. 1204-1213. Print.
“The civil Rights movement.” Junior Scholastic 8 Feb.2010: T7+. General OneFile. Web 4 Nov. 2013.
Thoreau, Henry. “Civil Disobedience.” Holt McDougal Literature: American Literature. Janet Allen, et al. Orlando: Houghton Milligan Harcourt, 2012. 390-396. Print.
Westbrook, Robert. “MLK’s manifesto: letter from Birmingham Jail’ at 50. “The Christian Century 130.8 (2013): 22+. Academic OneFile. Web.4 Nov. 2013.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- American Transcendentalism is a reform movement that involves the development of new ideas that are taken into light by political, literacy, and philosophical changes. As a whole, Transcendentalism is not a religion, but a way of believing in oneself. Rather than relying on the support of Christ, Transcendentalists connect themselves to the concept of self actualization and realization in order to be at peace and reach the maximum capacity of happiness they are able to achieve. The individual his or herself has the ability to live life as he or she pleases based on the structure of the universe and the composition of the individual itself, not physically but mentally.... [tags: Reform Movement, New Ideas]
1441 words (4.1 pages)
- With the continuous evolvement of the English language, literary movements played a key role in the development of modern day literature. During the early 19th century, Ralph Waldo Emerson, a successful essayist and poet, founded one of these in movements known as Transcendentalism. With the creation of one of the most influential progression of literature in American history, Emerson, and fellow Transcendentalists helped develop American tenets. One of the most prominent concepts was the Oversoul.... [tags: Essayism, poetry, literature]
2031 words (5.8 pages)
- Transcendentalism Transcendentalism was a movement in philosophy, literature, and religion that emerged and was popular in the nineteenth century New England because of a need to redefine man and his place in the world in response to a new and changing society. The industrial revolution, universities, westward expansion, urbanization and immigration all made the life in a city like Boston full of novelty and turbulence. Transcendentalism was a reaction to an impoverishment of religion and mechanization of consciousness of eighteenth century rational doctrines that ceased to be satisfying.... [tags: American America History]
3303 words (9.4 pages)
- The Important Role of Transcendentalism in American History In 1830, a movement known as Transcendentalism began to gain popularity in America. Representing an idealistic system of thought, "strength, courage, self-confidence, and independence of mind"1 were some basic values admired by the followers of the Transcendental movement. Transcendentalists opposed many aspects of their government, where they felt "many unjust laws existed."2 Therefore, they became the leaders of many modern reform movements.... [tags: American America History]
787 words (2.2 pages)
Ralph Waldo Emerson's Transcendentalist Philosophy and Its Influence on Margaret Fuller's Feminist Philosophy
- Ralph Waldo Emerson's Transcendentalist Philosophy and Its Influence on Margaret Fuller's Feminist Philosophy Ralph Waldo Emerson was a leading thinker in the American Transcendentalist movement, who first proposed many of the movement’s most influential ideas regarding the relation between the human mind and the world. He believed each person to possess a “soul,” a power within the self to uniquely perceive and understand the world, and grasp the intricate relationships between all things; Emerson’s universe was infinitely knowable, and his ideal, independent soul should be in a state of constant consideration and reevaluation of the world around him.... [tags: Emerson Fuller Philosophies Transcendentalism]
2039 words (5.8 pages)
- “Young Goodman Brown” and Transcendentalism A reading of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” indicates that the author adheres to some, but not all of the Transcendentalist beliefs of the nineteenth century, especially in its symbolism and in its emphasis on personal responsibility. Morse Peckham in “The Development of Hawthorne’s Romanticism”explains some aspects of Hawthorne’s Transcendentalist beliefs: But another theme begins to appear, a matter which now involved Hawthorne in the gravest difficulties, the theme of American simplification, that notion that was so common among American Romantic Transcendentalists; not only is world redemption possible... [tags: Young Goodman Brown YGB]
2310 words (6.6 pages)
- Emerson and Thoreau both were a good writing and study in same college and both of them uses a different technique to express their idea and thought to the people. Emerson was born in 1803-1882, he lives in Massachusetts and study in Harvard. He met words worth, Coleridge and Carlye in England in 1883 and he was known for challenging traditional thoughts after he published his first book called “Nature” which is the best expression of his transcendentalism. Thoreau was born in 1817-1862; he lived in Massachusetts and studied in Harvard same like Emerson and he became friend with Emerson in 1837.... [tags: transcendentalism, self-awareness]
599 words (1.7 pages)
- Transcendentalism, a philosophy that began in the 19th century, advocates that humans are naturally good and all individuals have potential. In high school, developing into a unique and self-assured person can be a difficult task. Students feel the need to be accepted by their peers and standing out against the crowd can be difficult. Students should be exposed to transcendentalist ideas would be able to fight this battle and leave high school unscathed. Many argue that transcendentalist beliefs cause problems as students cannot think for themselves at a young age.... [tags: capabilities, opinion, thinking]
962 words (2.7 pages)
- When a child is born they are pure. Their minds have not yet been corrupted by the sins of society. They truly represent the core of human nature because their goodness has not yet been crippled by cultural influence. They don’t read, go to school, or interact with many people. They are unable to bathe themselves, dress themselves or control their bowels; they are as innocent as a person can be. Slowly as the baby grows older and is exposed to differing opinions, literature, media, and the sins of the people around them; they begin to sin themselves.... [tags: Transcendentalism,God,ralph waldo emerson]
997 words (2.8 pages)
- I can’t believe it. We’re moving at a rate faster than ever before – almost 10 miles were covered since daybreak and it isn’t even the evening yet. We’ve been moving since 4 in the morning. Some pesky Indians came in the way when we were herding up our cattle but I know dad and his friends took care of the issue. I made my own breakfast today too, we call it Johnnycake. You mix some cornmeal with salt and water; I’ve heard they’ve been eating this stuff since the 1730s. I finished eating real quick to go with my father to the front.... [tags: manifest destiny, transcendentalism]
1537 words (4.4 pages)