The Death Penalty in Decline
The United States adopted the capital punishment from England for more than three centuries ago. Not only had the punishment been adopted but also the methods of execution. Throughout centuries, the people of the United States became more aware of how the criminal justice system functions and varies from one state to another. Some states used to execute people who commit minor offenses, such as stealing fruits. Maybe people would disagree with me, but I believe that the death penalty helped in preventing criminals from committing certain capital crimes. Even though the U.S. Supreme Court abolished the death penalty for mentally handicapped and juvenile, the amount of executions seems hard to be stabilized. Also, the role of religion toward capital punishment seems declining.
Does a murderer consider the possibility of a death penalty before committing a crime? Maybe the answer would be based on the reason that motivates the murderer to violate the law. However, there was only few studies regarding the criminology and its factors. However today, more educated people are influencing the structure of capital punishment by more detailed research. Regardless, Gaines and Millers argues some of the 2000s reports which claim that "each execution deters between three and eighteen future homicides" (274). The death penalty's ideology has changed over the years and especially after the 1930s. Maybe because the department of justice did not start counting till during the 30s. Also, it has been confirmed that "there is no reliable count of executions before 1930" (Banner 313). However, since some studies indicates that each execution deters between three and eighteen future homicides, the death penalty seems to ...
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...us beliefs, which in order to be achieved, it have been interpreted in the form of orders. In conveying the idea of religion role is declining, Banner argues that "the death penalty's retributive justification was meanwhile being further eroded by declining role of religion in public life (213).
Along these lines, the existence of the death penalty facilitates in dissuading criminal from committing crimes. After going through the results of executions' rate since 1947, look hard to stabilize the number of executions at low rates despite juvenile and mentally handicapped being removed from death row. The religion role in shaping the structure of death penalty's process is possibly collapsing. Thus, the death penalty seems to be declining though not all states appearing the benefits of the changes that were made by the department of justice throughout centuries.
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