Critical Reading Commentary On Human Rights Essays

Critical Reading Commentary On Human Rights Essays

Length: 950 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Critical Reading Commentary – Strand 1

Universality or relativity? That is one of the vital discussions in the debate of the concepts of human rights. In Jack Donnelly’s article The Relative Universality of Human Rights,he admitted that “universal human rights, properly understood, leave considerable space for national, regional, cultural particularity and other forms of diversity and relativity.” But he also noted that the relative universality is as a form of universalism. Those words showed that Donnelly endorsed the relativity of human rights in order to strengthen the idea of universality. On the other hand, Michael Goodhart disagreed with Donnelly’s theory. He thought that “Donnelly obscures the bases of human rights’ legitimacy”. In his perspective, scholars should put their efforts on the inclusiveness, uniformity, generality of the human rights other than the questions about universality. These two scholars try to prove that human rights are universal (in some ways). However, overemphasizing the universality of international human rights might provide a reason for some countries to start unjustified human rights intervention activities towards others. This might be the reason why Reza Afshari said that “the universalism may become problematic when Western academics observe its problematic arrival in the lands of the 'Other' and advise each other on cultural sensitivity, or modesty.”
Are human rights universal? Goodhart’s asserted that “if human rights are based on a single transhistorical foundation or objectively correct moral code, then they must be legitimate in all social and cultural contexts.” Donnelly also implied that “they are equal rights, because we either are or are not human beings, equally.” These ...


... middle of paper ...


... society. In this society, there is more than one ideology about human rights, which means that the government’s policies can’t be the representative of the whole society. Thus, from a different point of view, acknowledging the specialty of human rights can prevent the central government from the authoritarianism.
In sum, every country has their own history, and every country stands on the different stages of the political and economic stairs. Because of the cultural diversity, international legal universality only reaches the natural rights of human beings. Instead of building an international binding legal system, the mutual understanding and tolerance might be a better way to promote human rights movements in the future. As Afshari said: “those who seek to enforce human rights should get a clear picture of the victims, their claims and those who deny the rights.”

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Medication Administration : A Critical Component Of Nursing Management Skills

- Medication administration is a critical component of nursing management skills. Best practices of MA require critical thinking ability to ensure patient safety, quality care, and prevention of medication administration errors. “A medication error is any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional or consumer” (National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention, 2006)....   [tags: Critical thinking, Nursing, Nurse, Health care]

Better Essays
826 words (2.4 pages)

Malcom X, Minister And Human Rights Essay

- The late, and great, Nelson Mandela once said, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world,” … he must have been referring to X. It is undeniable that X fascinated and moved a prejudiced world with his radical, yet knowledgeable notions towards change. Malcom X, minister and human rights activist, displays his approach to higher learning, while in solitary confinement, in a selection from his autobiography, found in the chapter, “Saved.” X’s purpose is to inspire people to further their education, while providing a glimpse into his own struggle to grasp one....   [tags: Logic, Rhetoric, White people, Critical thinking]

Better Essays
825 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Marxism And Its Relation With Human Rights

- Marxism and its relation with human rights is an ambiguous one. Marxist theory identifies human rights as a descendant of the original right to private property, which is paramount for the existence of capitalism. But human rights supposedly restrict exploitation, which is one of Marxism’s canons. Taking advantage of this incoherence allows the defense of human rights to have an important impact in the development of a revolutionary movement. Transforming proletarian grievances into human rights struggles can have a tactical significance in promoting the species-consciousness, exposing contradictions and minimizing revolutionary violence....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Capitalism, Socialism]

Better Essays
1541 words (4.4 pages)

Human Sexuality And The Third Learning Outcome Of This Course Essay

- 1. a. I showed growth in the third learning outcome of this course: Utilize skills for accessing and appraising research-based information. When I began this course, I hadn’t realized different it was accessing and appraising articles covering human sexuality compared to other topics, and how difficult it could be to differentiate reputable sources. This sticks outcome sticks out to me because when I was finding articles for the assignments and blogs, I found it quite difficult to target an authentic research-based article on search engines....   [tags: Human sexuality, Sexual intercourse]

Better Essays
1025 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on A Critical Understanding Of The Presentation

- Rodolfo Bonilla Attempting to attach a simple label to a diverse group, whose realities and life experience are more unique than words could describe, fails to adequately represent the entire population and the identities within. The ways in which we are able to gain a critical understanding of the unique identities of such a diverse group of individuals are through unique experiences of understanding and teaching. One of such experiences was created by Metzler, a presenter who addressed the issues that surround the identities of the LBGTQ+ population in a fashion that supported the growth and critical understanding of the identities within this population....   [tags: Transgender, Gender, Gender role, Gender identity]

Better Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

What Makes Social Work Critical? Essay

- As discussed in my previous reflection on what makes Social Work critical, the document An invitation to narrative practitioners to address privilege and dominance was useful in assisting me with understanding what privilege is in regards to Social Work. In this reading, the term “privilege” is used in a different way; to “describe unearned rights, benefits, immunity and favours that are bestowed on individuals and groups solely on the basis of their race, culture, religion, gender, sexual orientation, physical ability or other key characteristic” (Denborough, Raheim & White p.24)....   [tags: Third World, First World, Shame, Second World]

Better Essays
718 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about The Virginia Declaration Of Rights

- During the enlightenment period in the 1600’s to the 1700’s, writers like Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau influenced some of America’s founding documents, including the Virginia Declaration of Rights, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. During this time period, these writers had no idea that their works would impact such influential documents. The first document these writers influenced was the Virginia Declaration of Rights. On June 12, 1776, in Williamsburg, Virginia, the Virginia Convention unanimously agreed to adopt George Mason’s declaration of rights, now known as the Virginia Declaration of Rights....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
1414 words (4 pages)

Essay about The Rights Of Life And Liberty

- Jefferson writes in the Rough Draught of the Declaration of Independence that King George was responsible for a “cruel war against human nature itself”, one which violated the “most sacred rights of life & liberty” of slaves now in America. According to the Jefferson’s Empire, to Jefferson slavery was a serious threat to the nascent union of the colonies, not only because slavery threatened republicanism, but also because he envisioned that the emancipation of slaves was inevitable, and that freedom would would inextricably lead to violence through the mixing of the two distinct “nations.” At the time the Rough Draught was written, slaves in the colonies had already been called on to rise up...   [tags: American Civil War, Slavery in the United States]

Better Essays
1057 words (3 pages)

Essay about A Reading of William Blake’s London

- A Reading of William Blake’s London William Blake channels his general dissatisfaction of the organization of society during the late eighteenth century in his lyrical poem entitled “London” (1794). Blake uses vividly expressive language through the spoken observations of a symbolic character he created to narrate and recite social and political problems afflicting this metropolis in the late 1700’s and early 1800’s. The poem’s rhythmically patterned linear style, which is very strictly structured, reinforces its central theme: that oppression will be revisited....   [tags: essays papers]

Better Essays
1696 words (4.8 pages)

Free Billy Budd Essays: A Deconstructive Reading

- A Deconstructive Reading of Billy Budd Billy, who cannot understand ambiguity, who takes pleasant words at face value and then obliterates Claggart for suggesting that one could do otherwise, whose sudden blow is a violent denial of any discrepancy between his being and his doing, ends up radically illustrating the very discrepancy he denies. - Barbara Johnson, p. 86 With Barbara Johnson's splendid Critical Difference we are willy-nilly plunged into deconstruction. At the moment I shall not attempt to explain this radical and highly subversive critical mode, except to say that what you are about to see is an example of it....   [tags: Billy Budd Essays]

Free Essays
1512 words (4.3 pages)