The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essays

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essays

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In The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the two German philosophers saw history as the struggle between the working class and the Bourgeois, or middle class (textbook 708). The Communist Manifesto was written in 1848, during the peak of the Industrial Revolution, a time when the Bourgeois made huge profits in manufacturing at the expense of the working class. According to Marx and Engels, the fruits of the Industrial Revolution created a new class of the oppressed modern working class, the Proletariat, which had never before existed because it was neither like serfdom or slave hood in that it was dependent on the Bourgeois to hire them for wage labor. This was the class the two philosophers envisioned would set off a revolution that would overthrow capitalism to end the perpetual class struggle and create a fair society known as Communism.
The Bourgeois emerged from “the ruins of feudal society” that once ruled Europe and went on to establish their rule the Industrial Revolution (textbook 708). The Industrial Revolution saw the innovation of the steam engine and machines that could do the same work skilled craftsmen did at half the price in factories. In his “Draft of Communist Confession of Faith” The Communist Manifesto co-author Friedrich Engels traces the development of the Proletariat through this industrialized system. The mechanized steam engine, loom and spinning wheel were some of the most important innovations of the time period, however their importance made the tools of craftsmen such as their hand powered wheels and looms obsolete (Engels).
Thus craftsmen who were formerly independent in their work lost business competing with the factories owned by the Bourgeois. Many sought work in th...


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...n Industry, therefore, cuts from under its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products” (textbook 708). Marx and Engels envisioned the Proletariat one day revolting and to abolish “the old society based on class conflicts and the foundation of a new society without classes and without private property” (textbook 708).
Marx and Engels laid the foundation for their vision of Communism through The Communist Manifesto. Many people around the world saw themselves as the Proletariat, the new oppressed class majority that toiled for the capitalist Bourgeois. They followed what Marx and Engels advocated and ignited revolutions in Russia, China, Cuba and countless other nations where the Bourgeoisie had absolute power over the Proletariat. Even today, Marx’s and Engels 's ideas on the Proletariat are still relevant and inspire today.

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