The Collapse Of The Berlin Wall Essay

The Collapse Of The Berlin Wall Essay

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In this paper, the causes of the fall of communism in Europe will be argued. The most important causes: the collapse of the Berlin Wall, issues in the Soviet Bloc, the political actions of Mikhail Gorbachev and the Soviet Union’s role in Afghanistan will be discussed. This paper will also claim that these events were not just isolated occurrences but connected and were the catalysts that brought the end of communism in Europe. The causes, importance and effects that these happenings had will be examined. Criticism towards the significance of these events will be disputed.

The fall of the Berlin Wall occurred due to one main reason. Residents of East Berlin had protested against the totalitarian regime and that the high level of authority urged them to protest against the government. As Boenisch and Schneider state, ‘a dense network of state security surveillance was established and created an atmosphere of anxiety and mistrust.’. The Berlin Wall, which signified the border between democracy and communism, fell due to a population living under an authoritarian government for 45 years rebelling. As the wall represented the Iron Curtain across Europe, its downfall signified a weakening Soviet Union from within.

States within the Soviet Bloc, including Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and Ukraine were under the political rule of the Kremlin in Moscow. The Soviet Union set up puppet governments within those states that were loyal to Russia. They too were authoritarian and like East Ber...


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...s political reforms, perestroika and glasnost shaped Russia’s view of communism and urged the public to call for change. Why Gorbachev introduced the reforms and why the public protested will be examined. How the social culture ended decades of communism in Russia will be supported by interviews with Gorbachev after the collapse, articles and books.

. And lastly, body paragraph four will investigate the invasion and withdrawal of the Soviet Union from Afghanistan. Why the defeat of Soviet forces was such an embarrassment for the government and why it was extremely unpopular will be explained. How such unpopularity caused by this defeat motivated huge change within the state will be explored. Secondary sources will be used to support the hypotheses.

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