Child Parent Bonds Are Critical And Influence Later Life Essay

Child Parent Bonds Are Critical And Influence Later Life Essay

Length: 1704 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Research into attachment suggests that child-parent bonds are critical and influence later life in many aspects such as cognition, behaviour and social skills. An attachment is “an enduring emotional bond which an individual forms to another person” (Bowlby, 1977, p 82). According to Ainsworth, “it is essential for an infant to become attached to a mother figure to increase their chances of no developmental issues in later life” (Ainsworth, 1979, p.82)

The main theory of attachment was proposed by John Bowlby; a British psychologist famous for his work within child-parent bonds. He proposed that our behaviour is a result of evolution; children are born dependent on a caregiver for food, warmth, shelter and safety. Babies have developed certain behaviours to ensure that an attachment is made to a caregiver called social releasers. This includes gurgling, smiling and laughing which releases positive emotions and an adult will give the child attention. Distressed signals such as crying makes the caregiver want to alleviate these which improves and builds on a strong bond with the child. Bowlby suggested that this attachment between an infant and their caregiver must be formed within a critical period which is between birth and 2.5 years old. If an attachment isn’t formed within this time frame, then there is a chance that it will not develop at all and this could impact on the child’s later development.

Bowlby’s theory of attachment is supported by ethological theory; infants who have close proximity with their mothers have an increased chance of survival. Konrad Lorenz (1952) investigated this theory with baby goslings. He hatched two groups of eggs, one group stayed with their natural mothers and the other were hatched in an inc...

... middle of paper ...

...years, hostility towards other children at 5years and dependency during school years (Calkins and Fox, 1992). From this line of evidence, it can be concluded that securely attached children have an advantage in their later life in school, friendships and mental health.

In conclusion, evidence suggests that the attachment style a child attains from birth with a primary caregiver massively influences later life. It has been suggested that a secure attachment will enhance the child’s development in later life and allow them to build relationships with other individuals in the future. On the other hand, insecure attachments aren’t preferred in western cultures as they can create a sense of worthlessness and depression. How a caregiver interacts with a child will influence the type of attachment the child will have to them which in turn has an effect on their later life.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Children With Behavioral Disorders in Single Parent Homes Essays

- Unfortunately, we live in a world were economic times are tough. It can be a struggle for parents to adequately support children - especially if there is only one parent. According to Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development about 15.9 percent of children world wide live in single-parent households. In the United states alone there are approximately 13.7 million single parents today, and those parents are responsible for raising 21.8 million children (approximately 26% of children under 21 in the U.S....   [tags: depression, conduct disorders, children]

Better Essays
1037 words (3 pages)

Enhancing Young Minds : Parents Have The Greatest Mental Effect Of Their Children

- Brittney Turman Mr. Jones English 101-002 8 April 2016 Enhancing Young Minds Parents have the greatest mental effect of their children. It is possible that they are able to mold their child’s mind into the highest brain power with hard work and consistency. Possible teaching methods, if used on a consistent basis can raise a child 's intelligence as far as the parent is willing to take it. The most important trait a parent would want for their child to develop is intelligence. The brain functions like everything else, and it needs to be used if it 's going to function at its best capacity....   [tags: Parent, The Child, Childhood, Reading]

Better Essays
851 words (2.4 pages)

Scientific Inquiry Essay

- Scientific inquiry is a process of critical thinking and asking questions that helps determine factual information that has been tested and proved or disproved instead of relying on assumptions and intuition. Scientific inquiry is important in psychology, as it is in all fields of science, allowing us to examine assumptions, assess outcomes, discern hidden values, evaluate evidence, and put ideas to the test. This scientific approach guards us against hindsight bias, believing after learning an outcome that we would have foreseen it, known also as the knew-it-all-along phenomenon....   [tags: Critical Thinking ]

Better Essays
1284 words (3.7 pages)

Parent Household And Parent Families Essay example

- Are One Parent Households Are Two Parent Households Better Are two parent household or one parent household better. Even though each person has a different opinion of which parent household is better for me two parent household is better and I am going to prove why. Today I 'm going to prove why two parent household are better than one. Some people believe that one parent household is better because recently there are more single parents than two recently. But what they don’t know is that one parent household struggle more in providing a child’s need than a two parent household....   [tags: Family, Mother, Father, Parent]

Better Essays
1628 words (4.7 pages)

The Effect of Daycare on the Parent-Child Relationship Essay

- The parent-child relationship is crucial for both parties. Daycare centers are believed to often interfere with this vital relationship. The exploration the effects of daycare on the parent-child relationship is a well researched subject. This topic is anthropologically interesting because the primary caregivers of children are now often professional centers rather than family as they had been historically. This recent dimension of childhood care adds an interesting element to familial bonds and their strength, or lack of....   [tags: family bonds/strength]

Better Essays
1756 words (5 pages)

Essay on Bonds, Bond, And Bond Bonds

- Generally, bonds are seen an instruments of indebtedness issued to the holder of the bond buy the bond In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders (Siegel and Yacht, 2009) . Bonds are fixed income security which the investors loan to an entity or corporate bodies for a. Money borrowed at a define period of time under a fixed interest rate. The debt holders are also known as the creditors of bond. The government or other large corporate bodies use bonds to raise money for their projects....   [tags: Stock, Bond, Time, Debt]

Better Essays
825 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about Journal Article Continuing Bonds

- Purpose The purpose of this study was to give empirical proof that continuing bonds of attachment to a deceased spouse would give the most successful adaptation to bereavement. The study examined the measures of psychological adjustment within a 5 year post-loss period. By the end of the study, the researchers hoped to gain insight into if continued bonds would lead to adaptive lifestyle or would it be maladaptive and would continued bonds prove to lead to a healthier ongoing life. Method Participants 89 participants were selected to start the study....   [tags: Psychology]

Better Essays
890 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Changing Families, Weakening Bonds

- At the core of every marriage is family, family structure, and family values. These values are passed down from generation to generation. However in recent years the standard North American family has shifted. With the increase in divorce and cohabitation; marriage is not the only space in which a family/ children can be raised. With the rise in divorce, there has been in an increase in the number of step-families in the American society. Equally as important, with the recent change in laws, most couple decide to cohabitate....   [tags: Cohabitation, Parental Responsibilities]

Better Essays
1263 words (3.6 pages)

The Bonds of a Language Essays

- The Bonds of a Language Amy Tan is the author of several novels including The Joy Luck Club and The Kitchen God’s Wife. She was born in the United States to parents who immigrated to California from China (Gruber 35). In her article entitled “Mother Tongue”, Tan focuses on the English shared between her mother and herself versus the English that she speaks with everyone else, and how it has affected her outlook on language. Through her examples, she presents to the audience the obstacles faced by her mother’s “limited” English....   [tags: Amy Tan Literature Authors Essays]

Better Essays
1058 words (3 pages)

Essay about Blood Bonds, Antigone, and The Eumenides

- Blood Bonds, Antigone, and The Eumenides Every human on this earth has a bond to another. These bonds, as well as their significance, differ between people. This paper will focus on the bonds of marriage and blood, and their role in the plays Antigone and The Eumenides. How do they relate to each other. Is one more important than the other. How does the divine and mortal world interpret these. Through a review of the two plays and a comparison of their presentation of the bonds of blood and marriage, this paper will answer these questions....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
866 words (2.5 pages)