A corporal punishment, such as flogging, takes its name from the Latin word for the body.
Over the years many religions in criminal law have originated in order to limit the number of capital crimes and executions. In the late 18th century, when all sorts of murder attempts in the United States were punishable by death, Pennsylvania for the first time divided the punishment for murder into two categories. The state implemented laws that authorized punishment of first-degree murder by death, while second-degree murder was punishable by imprisonment only. In other places, penal codes uniformly ordered death sentence for certain serious crimes. In these jurisdictions, discretionary powers to order death sentences slowly expanded. Today in many nations, including Turkey and Japan, the death penalty remains legal but the number of executions has decreased over time.
Although many jurisdictions limited imposition of the death penalty, no government had formally culminated capital punishment until Michigan did so in 1846. Within the span of 20 years, Venezuela 1863 and Portugal 1867 had formally eliminated the practice as well. By the beginning of the 20th century the death sentence had been abolished ...
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...he early times, and over the years many major European countries have abolished death penalty due to its cruel nature, social and moral aspects. In modern times human rights need to be taken into consideration before encouraging and promoting lethal policies such as capital punishment.
Dulles, A.C. (2001). Ethics: Capital Punishment. Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/capitalpunishment/for_1.shtml#h2.
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