Capital Punishment: A Controversial Topic Essay

Capital Punishment: A Controversial Topic Essay

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Capital punishment is the practice of executing someone as a punishment for a specific dreadful crime after being properly legally tried. The power to execute is vested only with the government and in the eyes of non-state organisations. Executing a person means actually murdering someone. It is generally only used as a punishment for specific serious types of murder, but in few countries treason, types of fraud, adultery and rape are also counted as capital crimes. The phrase capital punishment originates from the Latin word the head.
A corporal punishment, such as flogging, takes its name from the Latin word for the body.

Over the years many religions in criminal law have originated in order to limit the number of capital crimes and executions. In the late 18th century, when all sorts of murder attempts in the United States were punishable by death, Pennsylvania for the first time divided the punishment for murder into two categories. The state implemented laws that authorized punishment of first-degree murder by death, while second-degree murder was punishable by imprisonment only. In other places, penal codes uniformly ordered death sentence for certain serious crimes. In these jurisdictions, discretionary powers to order death sentences slowly expanded. Today in many nations, including Turkey and Japan, the death penalty remains legal but the number of executions has decreased over time.

Although many jurisdictions limited imposition of the death penalty, no government had formally culminated capital punishment until Michigan did so in 1846. Within the span of 20 years, Venezuela 1863 and Portugal 1867 had formally eliminated the practice as well. By the beginning of the 20th century the death sentence had been abolished ...


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...he early times, and over the years many major European countries have abolished death penalty due to its cruel nature, social and moral aspects. In modern times human rights need to be taken into consideration before encouraging and promoting lethal policies such as capital punishment.













Works Cited

Dulles, A.C. (2001). Ethics: Capital Punishment. Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/capitalpunishment/for_1.shtml#h2.
Last accessed 27th April 2014.

Encyclopedia. (2014). Louis XVI of France. Available: http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Louis+XVI+of+France.
Last accessed 8th May 2014.

Mencken, H.L. (1926). The Penalty of Death. Available: http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/menckenpendeath.htm.
Last accessed 25th April 2014.


McAdams, J. (2013). Pro-Death Penalty. Available: http://www.prodeathpenalty.com.
Last accessed 8th May 2014.

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