Essay on Buddhism As A Social Structure Model

Essay on Buddhism As A Social Structure Model

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In India, around the 6th century B.C., a man gave up his royal lifestyle to attain enlightenment, and began teaching others the path to enlightenment as well. This prince-turned-teacher became known as the Buddha. At the same time, in China, Confucius too was just initiating his teachings in social construction. Their teachings became important and are still influential in their home countries. For India, and later on in China too, Buddhism became a religion and in China, Confucianism became a social structure model. Throughout their teachings, three philosophies were covered by both teachers in their own way. These viewpoints were humanity without selfishness, education in the fundamentals of firmness of beliefs and keeping fresh minds, and relationship duty within the society.

In Buddha’s teachings, the first topic that is encountered is the humanity of a person. His beliefs are founded in humans always suffering and never leaving that stage. His principal teachings are in the Four Noble Truths. The first Noble Truth is suffering. In response to suffering, the other Noble Truths come to play. The Second is that suffering leads to desire or thirst, the Third is to become detached from this desire and last, the Fourth, is to go through the middle path to reach the mental state of Nirvana. His suggestions from the Four Noble truths is to become detached from the image of self and suffering. “Self is an imaginary, false belief which has no corresponding reality, and it produces harmful thoughts of ‘me’ and ‘mine’, selfish desire, craving…” Buddhism teaches its followers to become unimportant to their own ‘self’ to a life where others are thought of before themselves. Buddha claims that ‘Self’ leads to the attachment of desir...


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...s to break the cycle of power while still in the cast system while Confucius expects and demands the limitation of your station to be harmonious is shown. Both teachers agreed that respect, obedience, benevolence, high morals led to a harmonious society where everyone can live in peace with one another.
To this day we see the effects their teachings have on the world. These two men wanted to produce harmony in the world, although they have different ways to go about it. They both wanted education to reach the goodness in humanity that leads people to having a functioning society. Both teachers have similar principals, however, the teaching format is different. This might explain why one is a religion and the other a model of a social structure. Their ideas parallel in so many areas that it is hard to believe that they were taught in two different parts of the world.

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