The use of animals in research has created a diverse range of attitudes, as some individuals support the use of animal testing and others are against it. Sometimes people do not have enough background knowledge on this topic to be involved in a discussion. Animal testing dates back to around 400 years ago, when one of the first famous researchers William Harvey was curious to discover how blood circulates around the body. The modern era of animal testing began around 150 years ago, although the conditions were quite different; the animals suffered severely as there were no anesthetics (Understanding Animal Research 2013).
Animal testing has contributed to many lifesaving cures and treatments. The Government of Australia’s Animal Welfare Committee (2015) states that animal testing is legal in Australia, however the government does not fund testing on animals for medical research. The California Biomedical Research Association (2013) has stated that medical breakthroughs within the last 100 years have been a result of animals in research. Experiments include dogs having their pancreases removed, leading to the discovery of insulin and also major breakthroughs like treatments for various types of cancer (Akhtar 2013).
The following research is important, as animal testing and society’s attitude towards it is a subject that everyone needs to be aware of. This research is credible as it has been peer reviewed by academics.
According to Malin (2014) there are potential benefits of animal testing in medical research for patients, however it is a major ethical dilemma as testing can inflict distress, pain and death on animals. Recent developments and breakthroughs on animal testing have changed the way society n...
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...rolled in university were concerned about the welfare of animals regarding to animal testing. Metzger (2014) states the students whom were assessed also appreciated and valued the need for animal experimentation. Participant’s of the assessment came from a wide variety of academic areas of study, 17% identified themselves as business undergraduates, 10% as science majors, 5% as majoring in humanities and 4% in a teaching degree (Metzger 2014). When the students were asked if they owned a pet 85% responded ‘yes’, while 8% stated they were a member of an animal welfare group. The study by Metzger (2014) is quite different to what Rutledge (2012) had stated previously. Rutledge (2014) stated that students show a positive attitude toward animal testing. In both studies there was a different group being surveyed, which made the results differ from one academic to another.
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