Ancient Greece : The Parthenon Essay

Ancient Greece : The Parthenon Essay

Length: 2592 words (7.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Parthenon
Introduction
One of the most famous structures from Ancient Greece is the Parthenon. A temple built for the guardian goddess of the city, Athena. Figure 1 is a picture of the Parthenon. I have Chosen the Parthenon because I think it is one of the best examples of a classical building. In my work I will review the architecture. To do this I will use different works from different authors and sources. After which I will present my ideas and thoughts.
The Parthenon, a temple for Athena, was built on top of the acropolis in Athens. It was built there because the older buildings and temples of Athena on it were destroyed after a Persian attack on the city in 480BC. The Parthenon was rebuilt because two earlier versions of a temple of Athena were destroyed. There are no traces of the first temple. It was located on the south of the Parthenon. The second was located on the same place the Parthenon was built on, until the Persian attack. During the attack it was burnt down, while it was under construction. To rebuild the Parthenon some marble that had been created for the old temple were recycled. They reused the marble and the column drums in the new temple. The Parthenon was placed in a way by the architects of the acropolis so that visitors would see the temple first, from below the acropolis.
Pericles
Pericles, a military and political leader of Athens from 450BC to his death in 429BC, ordered the reconstruction of the Parthenon. Figure 1 shows a bust of Pericles. He was “a nobleman with inherited wealth”. He is considered to be mainly responsible for the growth of Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire. “He had the vision and power to create a new Athens which would be the envy of the ancient world.” The Partheno...


... middle of paper ...


...kept in a safe place to preserve them from any further damage. A museum was opened in 2011 called the Acropolis museum. The important remaining ruins are kept here. The museum was built 300m away from the Parthenon.
Conclusion
I have chosen the Parthenon for this essay because I believe that it is a great example of a classical building from the ancient world. At the time it was built there was no temple like it. It is unique. The size was incomparable. The statues and the temple are still admired today by millions. Today the Parthenon is a popular tourist destination. It is an iconic structure that represents the Greece. The temple has inspired many with their designs for other buildings. A replica of the building was made in Nashville Tennessee. I think that Pericles has achieved his vision of creating an Athens that is the envy of the world through the Parthenon.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Religious Authority Of The Ancient Greece Essay

- Civil religion has an entirely different characterization in the generations of the ancient Greeks than what it is considered in modern America. For the ancient Greeks civil religion was a control of religion through the use of imperialistic practices to afford better spiritual health of the state by subjecting its people to orthopraxy specified by the religious authority. The practice of civic religion in ancient Greece comes in many forms that range from law imposing a consequence to transgression, electing priesthoods to the most common of citizens and even religion personal to each household....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Athens, Parthenon, British Museum]

Better Essays
1470 words (4.2 pages)

Advancing Life Past The Nomad Era Essay

- Advancing life past the Nomad era Early man learned some measure of control over nature with the use of calendars and the study of architecture. Having the opportunity to live in a permeant structure and schedule events based around a dedicated time-keeping system allowed civilizations to grow, and advance to the current era. Calendars are a part of our normal everyday life, and for the majority of the population in the United States, you are connected to a digital calendar and transfers across multiple media to ensure you are always on time....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Parthenon, Ancient Rome]

Better Essays
879 words (2.5 pages)

Mythology And Its Influence On The World Essay

- Throughout time each civilization has spread its folklore about their gods. Mythology is the collection of a societys myths and during older times mythology was thought to be created by the people who did not see the world like everyone else. Those people saw the world full of beautiful, magical possiblities. Many of the stories still hold an impact on the world today. Maybe not in the sense of worship, but people are intrigued to figure out the state of mind of the ancient people that once worshipped these gods....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Parthenon, Ancient Rome, Greece]

Better Essays
955 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on The Ritual Of Funeral Services At The Metropolitan Museum Of Art

- In Ancient Greece it was believed that as soon after someone took their last breath that funeral services should begin immediately. The Greeks had a time honored ritual to follow when it came to death and that was conducting a proper burial. Most often, a woman relative of the deceased would partake in the intricate ritual. There was three main parts of the burial rituals “the prothesis (laying out of the body), the ekphora (funeral procession), and the interment of the body or cremated remains of the deceased” (Department of Greek and Roman Art)....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Parthenon, Pericles, Greece]

Better Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Impact Of The Fallen Warrior From The Temple Of Aphaia Essay

- Impact of the Fallen Warrior from the Temple of Aphaia Ancient Greece has set the tone for the standard of how great sculptures were crafted. Therefore, a classic example of this form is the Fallen Warrior from the East Pediment, taken from the ruins of the temple of Aphaia. With its mythology and architectural styles, Ancient Greece has undoubtedly changed the way sculptures were made and still inspires many artists to this day. So, one would ask, how did Ancient Greek sculptures like the Fallen Warriors impact art as a whole....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Parthenon, Archaic Greece]

Better Essays
1270 words (3.6 pages)

Parthenon as a Paragon Essay

- In the time of Ancient Greece, the Parthenon was the epitome of all Greek temples, possessing desired traits from hut-like temples, the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, and other temples. All the column styles were established in 6th century BCE, but the styles were named afterwards (Spawforth 62). The chief column styles of Greek temple building were Doric and Ionic, and they were named in the 5th century BCE (Spawforth 62). The Corinthian column style was named in the 4th century BCE (Spawforth 62)....   [tags: History, Ancient Greece]

Better Essays
2314 words (6.6 pages)

The Parthenon Essay

- The ancient Greek civilization contributed many great new ideas and aspects to everyday life that shaped and inspired the modern day society. The Greeks are well known for their construction of temples, acropolis’ and other grand architectural structures. Among these structures stood one of the most famous, the Parthenon. The Parthenon was a symbol of Greek society and culture as it stood as one of Greece’s most important architectural buildings. Besides being the Athenians greatest architectural achievement, the Parthenon serves a basic purpose....   [tags: Ancient Greece]

Better Essays
1036 words (3 pages)

The Parthenon Essay

- The Parthenon is an amazing Greek temple that was built 2,500 years ago. Even the architects of today have numerous questions about how it was constructed and how it has held up through its eventful past. The Parthenon's detailed appearance is not its only meaningful quality. The Parthenon was constructed as a temple to the goddess, Athena, and as an icon of the Greek people themselves. The Parthenon represents the Greek ideals of humanism, idealism, and rationalism. Humanism was important to the Greek culture because they believed focusing on human values were key to life....   [tags: Ancient Greece]

Better Essays
1400 words (4 pages)

Essay on The Parthenon: The Epitome of Greek Culture

- Most every great culture in history has something for which they are famous. The Mayan civilization has the calendar, the Romans have the Colosseum, and I would like to suggest that the epitome of Greek culture is the Parthenon. It reflects the ideas and religious beliefs of the Greeks and incorporates the architectural brilliance seen first with the Greek people. The frieze, the religious idea behind the building of the temple, and the attention to detail in the Parthenon shows a genius that can only be claimed by the Greeks....   [tags: Ancient Greece ]

Better Essays
1134 words (3.2 pages)

The Magic Lamp Of Ancient Greece Essay example

- The Magic Lamp It was Sunday morning, and I just arrived home from the Flea market. The day was uneventful; all I got from my morning expedition was a small lamp. As I laid down my find on the table, I noticed some smudges on the lamp, which I rubbed off with a damp towel. Long, before I knew it, a swirl of white cloud billowed from the lamp that slowly formed into a genie. The genie looked exactly the one from the story of Aladdin and the magic lamp. As expected, the genie spoke, "Thank you for letting me out and for that I 'll grant you three wishes." I looked around the room and saw the words 'Ancient Greece ' on one of the brochures on my desk....   [tags: Parthenon, Athens, Acropolis of Athens, Athena]

Better Essays
1112 words (3.2 pages)