During a trial proof beyond a reasonable doubt must be proven. However if a defendant pleads guilty conviction happens without the chance of a trial, and making exoneration almost impossible. In order to appeal a sentence there must be a set trial and circumstantial reason such as the trial being unconstitutional.
Twenty-three years and 873 exonerations is what this particular study is constructed of. One may ask themselves what race and gender is most prominent to being exonerated? According to the statistics in the study (), 93% observed exonerates were men and only 7% women. When considering race 92% of defendants were accounted for and 50% were black, 38% white, 11% Hispanic, and 2% Native American or Asian. ()
Defendants can become exonerated various ways such as pardons, dismissals, acquittals, certificates of innocence, and posthumous exonerations. Although exonerations are not common in the criminal justice world according to the statistics they do happen. According to a 2003 study conducted by University of Michigan Law School in a fifteen year period, 1989-2003, there were 340 exonerations studied. Unfortunately, not all cases were examined because some cases were out of the media and not represented. Low-profile cases are one’s that are not in the news or headlines among the newspapers. These made up 155 exonerations between the years 1989 and 2003 that resulted from a small percentage of cases such as homicide or rape. The majority of cases studied were non-violent cases which suggests of the exonerations a low percentage is high crime offenses such as rape and murder which would allocate the need for DNA testing.
When relating exonerations to false convictions problems such as misclassification and under inclu...
... middle of paper ...
...n is granted and being released. If a DNA case is being tried for exoneration the average time can last for 14 years, non DNA can take 11.
When considering the statistics in the study it is safe to say that exonerations do happen pretty often. Unfortunatley some do go unnoticed and underrepresented. A way to eliminate the need for exonerations among the criminal justice system is to make sure there is accuracy and take careful consideration for each case even after conviction. Even though most defendants are guilty prosecution and the court need to keep in mind the possibility of error.
The study that was conducted looked at the various statistics that are necessary for an exoneration. It is well written and easy to follow, and I believe this would be useful for criminal justice statistics if someone would want to study exonerations or have a starting point for a
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