To expose the characters’ helplessness towards realities built on autocracy and compliance, Burgess and Huxley introduce synthetic drugs as symbols of psychological dissidence. Soma is a ‘Euphoric, narcotic, pleasantly hallucinant’ ‘pleasure drug’ used by the ‘World State’ of A Brave New World to supress civilians to the illusion of happiness and to divert them from momentary bouts of pain and negativity. By bestowing Soma as ‘euphoric’ and ‘hallucinant’, Huxley infers the sedative and dulling qualities of the drug. This implied torpor paired with obligatory exploit of this drug highlights to the audience its use as a ...
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...and the progression towards idiosyncratic squalor draws alarming parallels to that of today’s world. Burgess and Huxley present domains in which governing states have usurped God as the architect of existence and dictate every facet of reality. The authors challenge the prioritisation of social efficacy over individuation by depicting the degradation of individualistic diversity in support of imposed conformity and standardisation within these societies. The polarisation of these societies against the modern world is used decisively by Burgess and Huxley to illuminate the potential for a perverted future where drugs become the reality blighting contrivance of a civilisation void of free will and ethical integrity. In both works, only Alex represents the prospect of a slim hope — a limited dynamism for individuation within the confines of a potentially despotic world.
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