Preview
Preview

The Piltdown Hoax Perpetrator: Charles Dawson the Prime Suspect In this Crime against Anthropology

:: 8 Works Cited
Length: 2684 words (7.7 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Aqua      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Humanity became fascinated with the idea of evolution with the work of Charles Darwin and the Scientific Revolution. People began hunting for fossils that would prove that man had an ape derived ancestry (Weiner, 1955). After various years of searching, a piece of physical evidence was found in England that was said to confirm the theory of evolution (Weiner, 1955).This confirmation came from Charles Dawson’s discoveries from 1908, that were announced publicly in 1912 (Thackeray, 2011). Dawson was believed to have found the fossil remains of the “missing link” between ape and human evolution, the reconstructed skull of Piltdown man (Augustine, 2006). The material was found in stratigraphical evidence and animal remains that were, at the time, adequate enough to confirm the antiquity of the remains (Weiner, 1955). In 1915, another specimen, Piltdown man II, was found further proving this theory (Augustine, 2006). However, this was merely a hoax proven by fluorine relative dating in 1953; the artifacts and bone fragments discovered turned out to be altered to fit the proposed scenario (Augustine, 2006). The skull found was actually composed of a human braincase that was younger than the complimentary orangutan lower jaw (Falk, 2011). Both sections of the skull had been stained to appear to be from the same person of the same age (Falk, 2011).The perpetrator of this act was never caught and there are many theories proposed for the motive of this hoax (Augustine, 2006). Many people have been taken into consideration for this crime, such as Chardin, Woodward, Hinton, and Dawson (Augustine, 2006). Nevertheless, the evidence that proves that Dawson is guilty of this crime against anthropology is quite substantial compared to the evidence...


... middle of paper ...


...6. THE PILTDOWN MAN: NOT “The Missing Link”. Forensic Examiner: 54-55.
Falk, D. 2011. Fossil Chronicles : How Two Controversial Discoveries Changed Our View of Human Evolution. California: University of California Press.
Gardiner, B.G. 2003. The Piltdown forgery: a re-statement of the case against Hinton. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society: 315-335.
Langdon, J.H. 1991. Misinterpreting Piltdown. Current Anthropology: 627-631.
Millar, R. 1972. Piltdown Men. Michigan: Gollancz.
Oakely, K.P. 1979. Piltdown Stains. Nature: 302.
Thackeray, J.F. 2011. On Piltdown: the possible roles of Teilhard de Chardin, Martin Hinton and Charles Dawson. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa: 9-13.
Thomson, K.S. Piltdown Man: The Great English Mystery Story. American Scientist: 194-201.
Weiner, J.S. 1955. The Piltdown Forgery. New York: Oxford University Press.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Applied Anthropology: Domains of Application Essay - Applied Anthropology is difficult to fully implement into a being’s existence. When using applied anthropology, many factors must be taken into account such as the Darwin approach, theological approach, or any other specialized field of anthropology. All can have an effect on human culture and relationships, but all have their benefits and harms that can behoove or dismay a human individual in their field of study. The study of humanity is unfortunately as fallible as humanity itself, and to gage what applied anthropology actually is—we must understand the harms and benefits of the many different approaches....   [tags: Physical Anthropology]
:: 5 Works Cited
1505 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Anthropology is Quantitative Essay - There is a lot of conflict to the question “is anthropology a science?” A lot of this conflict leads from defining what a science is, in the dictionary science is, “a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws.” (Dictionary.com, 2011) Anything that can be studied is considered a science. Without science anthropology would be nearly impossible to study, science makes everything quantifiable....   [tags: Anthropology ]
:: 3 Works Cited
959 words
(2.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Urbanization & Applied Anthropology Essay - Urbanization is the process of life for many and the desired way of life for many others. Human beings both inhabit urban and rural areas today all over the world. Many people may be disappointed with the development of an increasing number of urban areas. Many peoples once rural areas are now swallowed up directly as cities sprawl outward. The effects of urbanization both positive and negative get examined in the following paragraphs. In addition, who is most effected by urbanization and who plays a role in preventing and/or properly planning development will also be revealed....   [tags: Anthropology ]
:: 6 Works Cited
1818 words
(5.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Anthropology and Gender Essay - Though women have played an integral part in the history of the discipline of anthropology, it was not until the early 1970’s that the field of anthropology and gender, or feminist anthropology emerged. Sex and gender roles have always been a vital part of any ethnographic study, but the contributors of this theory began to address the androcentric nature of anthropology itself. The substantial gap in information concerning the study of women was perceived as a male bias, a prejudice made more apparent because what little women-centered fieldwork was done received insufficient attention from the academic community....   [tags: Feminist Anthropology ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1582 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Applied Anthropology: Domains of Application Essay - What is applied anthropology and how can it be applied to almost every facet of society. The answer is obvious when we look at what the field of anthropology encompasses. Anthropology, as defined by the American Anthropological Association is, “the study of humans, past and present.” In the United States, anthropologists are educated in one of the four areas, sociocultural anthropology, biological/physical anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics. Active within these four subfields is Applied Anthropology, which is the application of the method and theory of an anthropological subfield to the analysis and solution of real world situations and practical problems....   [tags: Physical Anthropology]
:: 7 Works Cited
1518 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Anthropology - Lucy in Hadar - Anthropology - Lucy in Hadar In a search to find our ancestors, several anthropologists have found evidence to support their conclusions. In the films about Don Johanson's discovery of Lucy in Hadar, one may be very intrigued by the first film but very disturbed by the second film. I was very intrigued by the findings of the Australopithecines. The idea that Lucy, the skeleton found in Hadar, Africa, was closely related to the human species was amazing. Lucy was bipedal and her brain was smaller than that of modern humans....   [tags: Anthropology] 557 words
(1.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Development of Anthropology as a Discipline in the United States Essays - Development of Anthropology as a Discipline in the United States I. Early History of Anthropology in the United States 1870-1900 “The roots of anthropology lie in the eye-witness accounts of travelers who have journeyed to lands on the margins of state-based societies and described their cultures and in the efforts of individuals who have analyzed the information collected. In the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, a number of anthropologists recognized that the practice of anthropology was intimately linked to commerce and colonial expansion.” (Patterson 1) There were essentially three “schools” of anthropological thinking by the First World War and after....   [tags: Anthropology History Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1567 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Dangers of Social Conformity Exposed in The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie - The Dangers of Social Conformity Exposed in The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie        Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie depicts the coming of age of six adolescent girls in Edinburgh, Scotland during the 1930's. The story brings us into the classroom of Miss Jean Brodie, a fascist school teacher at the Marcia Blaine School for Girls, and gives close encounter with the social and political climate in Europe during the era surrounding the second World War. Spark's novel is a narrative relating to us the complexities of politics and of social conformity, as well as of non-conformity....   [tags: Prime of Miss Jean Brodie Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1961 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Anthropology: Examining the Physical and Cultural Characteristics of Humankind - Anthropology: Examining the Physical and Cultural Characteristics of Humankind This course has provided interesting field studies of cultures that are drastically different than what I would consider “everyday life.” Anthropology examines not only who we are as a people, but also, importantly, who we were as a people. The studies of past cultures is a good place to start to answer questions about societies and cultures today, and to bridge together the gap between the past and present, and maybe even predict where we are headed in the future....   [tags: Anthropology] 503 words
(1.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Anthropology Today Essay - Anthropology Today In society today, the discipline of anthropology has made a tremendous shift from the practices it employed years ago. Anthropologists of today have a very different focus from their predecessors, who would focus on relating problems of distant peoples to the Western world. In more modern times, their goal has become much more local, in focusing on human problems and issues within the societies they live. This paper will identify the roles anthropologists today play, such as where they perform the bulk of their work, and what it is they do in both problem solving, as well as policy making....   [tags: Anthropology]
:: 6 Works Cited
1735 words
(5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]