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Management vs. Leadership

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Management vs. Leadership

Introduction
Presently many of us have learned that managers are primarily administrators who have learned to write business plans, utilize their resources and keep track of progress. We must learn that we are not limited by job title, and that means we can utilize our management skills in any position that we are in. We must also know that we can use our leadership skills in the same situations. On the other hand we have also learned that leaders are people who have an impact on those that surround them. The main difference that separates these two roles is that management is a function that must be utilized in any type of business, and leadership is the relationship that the leader has with his followers, which in turn can motivate and energize the organization.
Management Function
There are many tasks that a manager does on a daily basis which include problem solving, facilitating meetings, and many other routine office tasks. "Management is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals. Good managers do those things both effectively and efficiently." (Bateman & Snell, 2004) However many of these tasks should not be duplicated by a group of individuals. Different people can take on parts of the management function. Someone on a team can take care of the planning, while another person does the budgeting, and a third can monitor the progress and quality that each team member provides. "Management is like investment – you want to invest all resources at your disposal as efficiently as possible in order to get the best return on them you can." (McCrimmon, 2005)
In this case these team members may share the responsibility depending on what goal they are looking forward to achieving. The management function can be shared, coordinated, and planned by a team or group of individuals, in other words a team does not need good managers to generate good management. Through experience and going to school at University of Phoenix I have seen that in many cases we share the load in order to get our team portion of the class taken care of by delegating many of the responsibilities among us. This gives each of the team members a choice and chance to do something that interests them. "Strictly speaking, you don't even have to have subordinates to be a manager - every employee has resources to dispose - time, talent, energy, organizational resources, etc." (McCrimmon, 2005)
Leadership
There are many types of leadership skills that each of us is subject to each and every day. Leadership involves being able to select talent, the ability to motivate others, training and creating trust with the people we are working with. In the business aspect there are two distinguished types of leaders which include being a visionary, and an operational leader. A visionary looks for other ways of doing business and creating new business by utilizing his/her resources, and an operational leader finds ways of implementing the vision. Here is a great way to define leadership provided by McCrimmon, "leadership is not about occupying a role – it's about doing something different." (2005)
While being a leader there are some things that you have to look at, and in many cases it is people you are looking forward to hiring, or selecting talent. Selecting some one that knows more than you do based on talent and the ability to work with others can sometimes be a hard thing to do but in order to become a great leader you must be able to do this. As stated by Bateman & Snell "As with other things, you must work at developing your leadership abilities. Great musicians and great athletes don't become great on natural gifts alone. They also pay their dues by practicing, learning, and sacrificing." (Bateman & Snell, 2004)
Motivation of individuals is also a common thing among us, and in order to motivate others you should give them responsibility, a strong relationship, motives and last but not least rewards. A good leader then utilizes these tools to provide training that will develop competence and proficiency. Training or coaching your employees will focus the individual and in turn the group they are working with. These leaders also give attention to the work that their followers have been doing and making sure that they feel their job is important to achieving any type of strategic/operational goal. With this successfully done the employees may feel that they are welcomed and needed because they believe that their work is vital to the success of the organization.
Why do we follow leaders?
There are a couple of positive reasons why we follow a leader, one example is because we have developed trust in that leader, and possibly know that there will be some type of success if we do follow that leader. A quality that good leaders possess is the ability to make people feel they are the best and can achieve anything that is placed in front of them. This is one thing that good leaders possess. Here is one negative example: following that leader because of fear of losing ones status.

Recommendations
With my current experience as an owner of a small convenient store I have seen one way that has worked best for my company. This is to gather some ideas by observing successful companies in my line of business. This is something that is pretty hard to do because of our remoteness but has yielded a line of customers that frequently purchase our products and services. Also by observing these successful businesses a manager/leader should be able to create a unique management team/focus that evolves around the working environment and setting. "When leadership and management are clearly differentiated, you must identify areas for change and have the courage to champion them to show leadership." (McCrimmon, 2005)
Conclusion
In order for any type of organization to succeed organizations need both good management and quality leaders. As many of us have experienced different perspectives with these two great qualities we shall be able to utilize the resources among us and surrounding us to effectively and efficiently produce an organization striving to succeed. Using both management functions and leadership skills we can create a system that motivates employees, does not over manage, and most importantly create an enthusiastic working environment.

References
Bateman, T. S, Snell, S. (2004). Management: The New Competitive Landscape (6th Edition). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Management vs. Leadership. (n.d.). Retrieved December 15, 2005, from http://www.trainingbuz.com/mgmtvsldrshp.htm
What's the difference between managers and leaders? (2005). Retrieved December 15, 2005, from http://www.leadersdirect.com/mgt.html#

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