Your search returned 200 essays for "Republic of Plato":
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Conflicting Points in Plato's Republic

- Conflicting Points in Plato's Republic In his Plato’s Republic Socrates tries to find the values of an ideal city in order to rightly define justice. Although I agree with most of his ideals for the city, there are also many that I disagree with. Some of his ideas that I accept are that women should be able to share the same responsibilities as the men, having women and children in common, , the recognition of honor based on the self rather than heredity, that the best philosophers are useless to the multitudes, and the philosopher / king as a ruler....   [tags: Free Essays]

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Cephalus' Departure in Plato's Republic

- At the beginning of the chapter, Cephalus invites Socrates to his home for philosophic discussion. Although it is the first scene, Cephalus appears only in this scene and does not reappear in the dialogue. To understand why he departs the scene so early, first we must focus on the purpose of philosophy. <p> Philosophers, like Socrates, question why things are, how they should be and what the best way to live is. Philosophy can be disturbing, as it was with Cephalus because it may contradict what you previously believed in....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Analysis of Plato's Republic

- Philosophy is a Greek word meaning "love of wisdom." Throughout Plato's Republic, wisdom plays an important role. According to Plato, education is wisdom. In the passage, 518d, Plato discusses the true meaning of education vicariously through Socrates. Some literary mechanisms can be found in the passage and I will show how they fit in the text and how they contribute to the main themes of Plato's Republic. In Book VII Socrates has finished listening to other opinions and is now formulating a response....   [tags: World Literature]

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Justice in The Republic by Plato

- Justice in The Republic by Plato In Plato's The Republic, justice is depicted as a major part in a perfect society. Justice is said to breed a good society, whereas injustice will breed a bad one. Plato defines justice in dialogue as "keeping what is properly one's own and doing one's own job." (Pg. 146) Under the rules set for this perfect society, people are to practice the one profession at which they perform best. This profession also corresponds to a certain social class. Under no circumstances can one change this profession....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato

- Plato was a philosopher and educator in ancient Greece. He was one of the most important thinkers and writers in the history of Western culture. Plato was born in Athens into a family that was one of the oldest and most distinguished in the city. His father Ariston died when Plato was only a child. The name Plato was a nickname meaning broad shoulders. Plato's real name was Aristocles. Plato had aspirations of becoming a politician, however these hopes were destroyed when his friend Socrates was sentenced to death in 299 B.C....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Justice in Plato's "The Republic"

- Plato creates a seemingly invincible philosopher in The Republic. Socrates is able to refute all arguments presented before him with ease. The discussion on justice in Book I of The Republic is one such example. Socrates successfully refutes each different view of justice presented by Cephalus, Polemarchus, and Thrasymachus. Socrates has not given us a definitive definition of justice, nor has he refuted all views of justice, but as far as we are concerned in Book I, he is able to break down the arguments of his companions....   [tags: World Literature]

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Aristocracy in Plato's The Republic and to Build a Democratic State

- In The Republic by Plato, Plato constructed an ideal city where Philosophers would rule. Governed by an aristocratic form of government, it took away some of the most basic rights a normal citizen should deserve, freedom of choice, worship, and assembly were distressed. Though the idea of philosopher kings is good on paper, fundamental flaws of the human kind even described by Plato himself prevent it from being truly successful. The idea of an ideal democratic government like what our founding fathers had envisioned is the most successful and best political form which will ensure individual freedom and keep power struggle to a minimum....   [tags: Ancient History]

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Plato Republic

- The Republic of Plato explores the meaning of Justice from both an individual and societal point of view. It also looks into the incorporation of Justice into human society, in other words, how to create an ideal state of social order in a society. This is carried out through the various dialogues and arguments between Socrates and other individuals. During this process, Socrates gave a detailed analysis of the formation, structure and the organization of an ideal State, and through this, vindicate the intrinsic value of being a Just person in a society and the virtues that each individual must possess....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato Vs Shelley

- Many works of literature provide responses to much debated topics. Opinions are brought forth by means of rhetorical devices and supported by some type of accepted truth. In two such pieces, The Republic by Plato and “A Defense of Poetry” by Shelley, Plato expresses a belief about poetry that Shelley disagrees with and responds to. Through rhetorical devices such as metaphors and symbolism and the use of deductive logic and Socratic writing, Plato provides a strong, very supported argument while Shelley’s long sentence structure, analogies and metaphors are weak in comparison....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Justice in Plato´s The Republic

- In book four of Plato's “The Republic” Socrates defines justice in the individual as analogous to justice in the state. I will explain Socrates' definition of justice in the individual, and then show that Socrates cannot certify that his definition of justice is correct, without asking further questions about justice. I will argue that if we act according to this definition of justice, then we do not know when we are acting just. Since neither the meaning of justice, nor the meaning of good judgement, is contained in the definition, then one can act unjustly while obeying to the definition of justice....   [tags: Plato's The Republic]

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Plato's The Republic: Analysis of the Chapter Entitled "Allegory of the Cave"

- One of the world’s most revered philosophers, Plato, was born in 428 BC. As a young man, Plato, became a devout student of Socrates. Plato quickly adopted Socrates’ teachings and turned his studies toward the question of virtue and noble character. After the execution of his beloved mentor, Plato founded the first English university called the Academy. He wanted thinkers to have a place were they could word toward better government for Greek cities. Over the duration of his life Plato wrote many books, and his most influential work is The Republic....   [tags: The Republic, Plato]

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Comparing and Contrasting Plato's The Republic and Thomas More's Utopia

- ... Men dedicated themselves to a specific trade. The most common trades in the Utopia world are the manufacturing of wool, flax and carpentering. Each person is required to work in one trade, but they are not limited. If someone wants to learn about multiple trades, they are welcome to do so. The Utopians have a 24-hour cycle in which the time is divided in half; half for the day and half for the night. Of the 12 hours in the day, 6 of them are required for work and the other 6 hours are divided into 3 before dinner and 3 after dinner....   [tags: work, duties, abilities]

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Plato and Aristotle: Their Contributions to the Development of Western Philosophy

- The philosophies of Plato and Aristotle and their contributions to the development of western philosophy. Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and one of the top 5 contributors to Western philosophy, educator after his mentor, Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. His sophistication as a writer started while under the tutelage of Socrates, continued through his establishing of his own academy, (The Academy of Athens which has been labeled as the first institution of higher learning in the Western World) and throughout his many years as an open minded author....   [tags: Plato and Aristotle Essays]

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Plato

- Plato Plato was born in Athens to a wealthy family and lived from 429-347 B.C.E. He was Socrates' greatest student and held his teacher in such high regard that in most of his works Socrates plays the main character. Some people doubt the existance of Socrates but, "like nearly everyone else who appears in Plato's works, he is not an invention of Plato: there really was a Socrates" (Kraut). Plato wrote many works asking questions about terms such as justice, piety, and immortality to name a few....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophers]

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Philosophy CPT: “The unexamined life is not worth living”

- The term “philosophy” means the love of wisdom, and those that study philosophy attempt to gain knowledge through rationality and reason. 1 Socrates, the father of ancient philosophy, once stated “the unexamined life is not worth living”. This is the most important part of life and it is need to find purpose and value in life. If a person chooses to live their life without examination, their life would lack value and they would be unhappy. They would also be ignorant to the effects of their choices on themselves and the people around them....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, The Republic]

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“A Truly Just City?”

- In the book “The Republic,” by Plato, Socrates constructs a utopia of a pure aristocracy to channel his visions of what he constitutes to be a just city. Socrates’ ideal of justice, is of a virtue that can be developed out of reason and knowledge, and when tuned correctly can be the justified way of governing a city. Fundamentally, the rulers are driven by specific appetites and virtues, that develop a cycle of ruling between the stages of aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy and eventually a tyranny....   [tags: The Republic, Plato, Socrates]

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The Allegory of the Cave, from Book VII of Plato's Republic

- The cave, symbolic of the mother's womb, is the source of life and death. In “The Allegory of the Cave”, from Book VII of Plato’s Republic, the theme of the cycle of life and the transition from the unborn to the deceased is representative of the cycle of entry and exit from the cave. If based upon this idea, one can conclude that the chains are symbolic of the umbilical cord. This concept reflects the Greek values of reproduction, humanism, and the anti-hero, because the anti-hero is symbolized by returning to the mother....   [tags: The Cycle of Life]

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Defining the Ideal in Plato's The Republic

- Defining the Ideal in Plato's The Republic In 1921, Vance Palmer, the famous Australian author and poet, noted, in his essay titled "On Boundaries", that "it is the business of thought to define things, to find the boundaries; thought, indeed, is a ceaseless process of definition". As Palmer noted, humans, by their very nature, attempt to define all things. But, more than that, we attempt to redefine subjects and ideas that have already been defined so that we can better understand what they mean, where we came from, and, perhaps most importantly of all, who we are....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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Plato's The Republic – Should We Search for the Truth?

- Plato's Republic – Should We Search for the Truth. There is the common belief that what we experience as reality is just a mere illusion of the truth. Plato's allegory of the cave in "The Republic" describes human beings as being chained in a cave, such that they cannot move but are forced to face a wall, onto which shadows of puppets and themselves are projected. They are deceived into believing that their reality is composed of these "shadows" when actually, the world of truth is the "light" outside the cave....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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Thrasymachus and Socrates

- In Plato’s The Republic, we, the readers, are presented with two characters that have opposing views on a simple, yet elusive question: what is justice. In this paper, I will explain Thrasymachus’ definition of justice, as well as Socrates’s rebuttals and differences in opinion. In addition, I will comment on the different arguments made by both Socrates and Thrasymachus, and offer critical commentary and examples to illustrate my agreement or disagreement with the particular argument at hand. The debate between Thrasymachus and Socrates begins when Thrasymachus gives his definition of justice in a very self-interested form....   [tags: Justice, Plato's The Republic]

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Beauty and Love in the Republic of Plato

- The first question that pops into one’s mind when mentioning beauty in a philosophical context is whether it is objective or subjective. Do things bring pleasure because they are beautiful, or are things beautiful because they bring pleasure. It is a question that has created a major disagreement amongst certain of the greatest philosophical minds. It is commonly agreed upon that beauty is an ultimate value along with goodness, truth and justice. However, it does not exist in the thing itself, but is rather individually perceived....   [tags: philosophy, objective, subjective]

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Defining Justice in Plato’s the Republic

- Throughout the work of Plato’s the Republic, the true definition of justice is argued. It becomes evident that Plato himself views justice as good because it is connected to the form of the greatest good. Plato’s the Republic also explains that justice is worthwhile for its own sake, in combination with the pleasure and rewards that are accompanied with it. However, because it is natural for men to always be inclined to seek out their own self-gain and benefit, it is obvious that true justice cannot be achieved due to the multiple forms and obstacles that are presented to man-kind....   [tags: soul, enlightened, ethics]

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Plato And The Old Oligarch

- Although democracy was meant for the good of the people, some criticized it as it did not really cover the interests of everyone. Plato and the Old Oligarch were some of the major critics of democracy, both Plato and the Old Oligarch saw democracy as unstable and detrimental to society. Plato goes on to provide his solution to democracy, Plato sought to replace democracy with a philosopher king. Aristotle on the other hand, doesn’t completely dismiss democracy, instead, Aristotle insists that a democracy or oligarchy be put into place with the majority of the body being middle class....   [tags: Plato, Democracy, Oligarchy, Political philosophy]

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Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy On Happiness And How It Is Achieved

- Introduction Plato and Aristotle are renowned Greek philosophers who arguably proved to be great thinkers in their lifetime. Plato started his work in Athens as a philosopher and he played a big role in the development of the political philosophy. Apart from his philosophical works, Plato also took part in the development of science, mathematics and Christianity. In the republic, he sets out to define what is justice and its role to the society. On the other hand, Aristotle dealt mostly with political science....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ethics, Philosophy]

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Truman Show Research Paper

- Greek philosopher Plato’s most famous work, The Republic, commonly known as book VII, presented what came forth as “the allegory of the cave.” Plato wrote “Men live in illusion.” (Plato). “Was anything real?”(Nicol). This is a quote that directly came from The Truman Show, which was published in 1998. Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, is a story that describes how prisoners would mistake appearance for reality. The Truman Show is a movie centered around a reality television show of a man that is living a so called “fake” life....   [tags: film analysis, Plato's Republic]

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Socrates’ Examination of the City-State in Plato's Republic

- Despite having no written works, Socrates remains one of the greatest and influential philosophers of all time. In Plato Republic, Socrates’ account for the origin of the city-state is a main concept. On a broad scale, Socrates views justice as the main relationship between the individual and the state. Moreover, Socrates also examines the nature of injustice in the city-state, which serves to explain his concern about the early moral education of the potential guardians. In Book II of Plato Republic, Socrates concern for the good of the souls of the potential guardians correlates to his argument for censorship in Books II and III....   [tags: injustice, guardians, luxuries]

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Plato's Republic

- The Philosopher King stands far above others in ancient Athens. At his own peril, amidst constant political chaos and corruption, Plato takes a brave stand for justice, for freedom, and for equality. The Republic, written around 375 B.C., isn't just Plato's treatise on the ideal state, nor is it just a state-of-mind journey from ignorance to enlightenment. Plato also taught at his Academy, the first university in Europe, that political science is the science of the soul. Indeed, Plato's wisdom is a striking example of visionary perfection, where a pure idea of virtue allows the greatest possible human freedom in accordance with laws by which the freedom of each is made to be consistent with...   [tags: Philosophy]

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Comparing Plato's Republic and Gulliver's Travels

- Plato's Republic and Gulliver's Travels       In The Republic, Plato attempts to define the ideal state as it relates to the tripartite division of the soul. In this division, wisdom, the rational characteristic of the soul, is the most valuable and important. In the ideal state the ruling class would be the guardians, those who maintain rationality and will operate according to wisdom. Each individual "should be put to use for which nature intended them, one to one work, and then every man would do his business" (276d)....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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Poetry and Music for Plato

- When he wrote The Republic, Plato recognized the need for the rulers or `guardians' of his kallipolis to be good and righteous. He also realized that "imitations practiced from youth become part of nature" (Plato, Republic, 395d). It was with these two thoughts in mind that Plato decided to censor poetry and representations in the education of the guardians. He felt that, in portraying gods and heroes as slavish and iniquitous, poets, playwrights, musicians and storytellers encouraged people to imitate and adopt iniquitous and slavish natures or habits....   [tags: Philosophy]

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The Republic By Plato

- The purpose of The Republic by Plato is to explain, define and seek the true definition of justice and highlight the flaws of the democratic political system. Plato constructs the argument that leaders of a nation (kings) should become philosophers, or philosophers should become kings. Throughout his book, Plato deliberately expresses his belief that it takes a special kind of knowledge and wisdom to rule a nation justly and successfully. The cave is depicted as a allegory that explains the path one has to take when it comes to education in order to achieve the ultimate source of good, knowledge....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Justice, Ontology]

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Plato's Education Philosophy

- Plato was born into an aristocratic Greek family between 428–427 BC. At the age of twenty he became a disciple of the philosopher Socrates. Socrates continued to be an enormous influence on Plato throughout his life. Plato was an idealist and believed that everything that we see in this world is a less accurate representation of what its true form should be. He believed in a world of unchanging and unrelated forms that corresponded to universal definitions. This belief led to his theory of forms and became an essential part of his philosophy....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- Plato defines wisdom as the constant pursuit of knowledge in his dialogue The Republic Plato illustrates his idea of forms through an analogy, the allegory of the cave. In this dialogue, Plato exemplifies wisdom and inadvertently creates an analogy that is applicable to modern day Christianity. In Plato 's allegory, there are many examples of individuals who display the characteristics of one he would presume wise. In his allegory, there are two groups of people; those who are in the cave and those who are outside the cave....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Wisdom, Christianity]

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Comparing Nietzsche And Plato 's The Republic

- In accordance with the New Oxford American Dictionary, a craft is a skilled activity or profession, whereas an analogy compares two things that are alike in some way. In addition, a democratic system is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives (Merriam-Webster, 2003). Nonetheless, this paper will focus on a debate that deals with the opposite and agreement that involves; governing a craft the same way as medicine or shoemaking and the implications it has on democracy....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Skill, Socrates]

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plato & aristotle

- In these sessions, I have gained a better understanding of Aristotle and Plato’s ideas and theories. Particularly, I have a specific interest in Aristotle and the notion of the two extremes and to aim towards the “gray or middle of the road”. I also have an interest in Plato’s theory regarding the just and unjust and the repercussions of their actions. Aristotle is trying to achieve that single point in which life is the best of both worlds. He attempts to define an obtainable median point in life....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Republic, by Plato

- Plato’s ideal society is one that depends on the just actions of its people. In his utopia, all men and women are able to maximize their potential and in turn utilize their talents and skills for the good of all. Happy citizens form a happy society. This perfect society has been both praised and criticized on the basis of some radical elements it possesses: The citizens of Plato’s ideal society are able to curb their self-interest, and because they are happy, or at least psychologically conditioned to believe that they are, these people choose to join in the collective effort and submit to the philosopher-king’s rule for the benefit of all....   [tags: Reflection, Utopia, Conditioning]

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Relating Socrates to Platos the Republic

- By studying a variety of events and people involved in the Peloponnesian War and the Theban play Antigone, it becomes noticeable that many of these events and people can be explained through Platonic terms. Throughout the Republic, Plato conveys his philosophical thoughts about democracy, justice, and education in a society through his main character Socrates. As Socrates encounters many enlightened people of his time, he questions them on rhetorical issues dealing with society and human nature....   [tags: World Cultures]

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Education in The Republic of Plato

- The educated have a duty to help the less educated in a respectful way. Education, Every society throughout history has respected their scholars and scientists, but what responsibilities do the educated have. Some might argued that the educated must take care of the less educated or that they have no civic duty, however according to the famous Greek philosopher Plato this is simply not true. Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens and was one of Socrates students; Socrates being another very influential Greek scholar laid the foundations for many of Plato’s theory’s that appear in his famous work “The Republic” (http://www.egs.edu/library/plato/biography/)....   [tags: analogy of the cave, death]

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Plato: A student of Socrates

- A student of Socrates, a major western civilization influence, and an amazing philosopher, Plato was his name and he was one of the most influential persons in history. Plato was born in Greece in 427 BC and grew up in a wealthy and noble family. He became a philosopher when his teacher, and another great philosopher of Greece, Socrates, was tried and executed in 399 BC. Plato wrote a lot about Socrates in his works of ancient Greece. Plato helped form classical education, and we would not have a good basis for education in America and western civilization....   [tags: philosopher, student, Greece]

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Plato's Republic

- Plato's Republic “the having and doing of one’s own and what belongs to one would be agreed to be justice.” (The Republic 434a) In other words the above statement means that justice, according to Plato, is doing only the tasks assigned to them by nature. This is the fundamental notion for his creation of an ideal city. It is both knowing what true justice is and where one belongs in the city that the ideal can be achieved. What this means to politics in the ideal city is that only a certain class of person has the ability to engage in politics, just as only a certain person has the ability to engage in carpentry....   [tags: Papers]

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Aristotle vs Plato

- One of the most fundamental questions of moral philosophy as it applies to our everyday lives is the relationship between truth and philosophy, and as such, it is appropriate that Plato, as one of the founders of Western philosophy, attempts to deal with them. Before one can fully comprehend how Plato understands this interconnection, it is imperative to understand how Plato understands truth and happiness as separate entities—that is, what is truth and what is happiness. Plato never explicitly declares what the truth actually is; rather, the closest he comes is describing characteristics of the truth (much in the same way he flirts with defining justice until the Republic)....   [tags: Truth, Happiness]

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The Allegory of the Cave in Plato's Republic

- The Allegory of the Cave in Plato's Republic This paper discussed The Allegory of The Cave in Plato's Republic, and tries to unfold the messages Plato wishes to convey with regard to his conception of reality, knowledge and education. THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE Plato's "Allegory of the Cave" is a story that conveys his theory of how we come to know, or how we attain true knowledge. It is also an introduction into his metaphysical and ethical system. In short, it is a symbolic explanation of his "Theory of the Forms" (or eidos)....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato 's Ideas About Democracy

- Plato 's Ideas about Democracy The ancient Greek philosopher Plato is one of the most famous philosophers in the history of philosophy. This is largely due to the fact that Plato considers a lot of philosophical issues and provides a holistic philosophical view of the world, able to explain the different levels of human life such as religion and politics. In this regard, the political views of Plato are still quite relevant in relation to different political regimes including democracy....   [tags: Democracy, Government, Oligarchy, Plato]

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Plato Vs. Aristotle On Art

- Is some art “better” than added art and, if so, by what standard. Is there moral and abandoned art, to the point that some art should be banned. Both Plato and Aristotle affected that art would be either acceptable or bad, depending on whether it led anyone adjoin or abroad from rational truth. In accepted Plato assured that art was bad because it led you abroad from the accuracy and played on your emotions. By adverse Aristotle anticipation art was acceptable because it led you adjoin truth. For Plato, art was bad because it was a archetype of a archetype of a copy....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Truth, Art]

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The Apology and the Republic

- Socrates was a renowned philosopher in the ancient Grecian times. His peak was around the Peloponnesian War, when the Spartans defeated the Athenians and ended the Golden Age. The reason Socrates is one of histories most famous philosophers is largely due to Plato's writings. Two of Plato's famous works include The Apology and The Republic, both written about Socrates' views about the so called "wise philosophers" of his time. The two works hold unique views about government, as well as opening the eyes of the Grecian people to the world as they knew it....   [tags: Philosophy Socrates Plato]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- In Republic book VII Plato explains his analogy of the cave (an analogy is a simple story that has metaphorical meaning). Plato uses the analogy to help describe his philosophical position on the main difference between the physical world and the World of Forms (WoF). He believes that his analogy could clearly explain to others why the physical or world of sense experience was nothing but an illusion; that true reality must be found in the eternal unchanging World of Forms. Plato’s analogy begins in a cave....   [tags: Mind, Reality, Epistemology, Plato]

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Plato's Theory of Education

- Humanity is in a constant process to better themselves, as a result of their self-transcending nature. This intuitive quality pushes the soul to speculate on virtue and therefore, think philosophically. Achieving the highest form of philosophical thought will only occur if the individual has first been engaged in Plato's Theory of Education. Though Plato argued that “the power and capacity of learning exists in the soul already” (VII), he also recognized that this education is a gradual process....   [tags: "The Republic", Philosophy]

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The Importance of Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic

- The Importance of Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic      Dr. Malters’s comments: This student does two things quite remarkable for an undergraduate student. In his compact essay, not only does he display an in-depth understanding of complex perspectives on justice put forth by the protagonist Socrates, he deftly explains how Plato has artfully made rude objections by a seemingly minor character early in the dialogue function as a structuring device for nearly all the important ideas examined thereafter....   [tags: Plato Republic Essays]

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Socrates' Aim in "The Republic of Plato"

- From the very beginning of The Republic of Plato it has been Socrates’ aim to prove to Adeimantus and Glaucon, why men lead just lives. In order to thoroughly explain his point of view as we now know Socrates went about setting up his city of thought. Through the formation of the city of thought we are first introduced to Socrates idea of what his ideally just city would be like and how it would be formed. We are from the formation of this completely just city introduced us to the minds of the “philosopher-kings” who are to be the rulers of Socrates’ city....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Believing is Seeing

- In Plato’s The Republic, Book seven, he discusses the cliché “seeing is believing”. By Plato’s use of symbols to help explain his point of ignorance in truth due to our traditions, society’s constant fear of change and our natural ability to question what we see. In this allegory, the depictions of humans as they are chained, to only learn by sight. Plato toy’s with the notion of what would happen to people should they embrace the concepts of philosophy, to become enlightened by it, to see things as they truly are....   [tags: Plato, The Republic]

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Plato 's View Of Justice

- Plato begins to build this conception of the idea of justice in response to the challenge that Glaucon and Adeimatus presents. He takes the idea of constructing justice on the larger scale, in the city and comparing to what it would be like within the individual. In Plato ideology it is not possible for an individual to understand justice unless they fully comprehend their role in the community. He starts his city with division of labours, with craftsman and farmers. A community were everyone specializes in their trade....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics]

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Comparing Contemporary Politics to Plato's "The Republic"

- Contemporary politics seems to more closely reflect Thraysmachus’ view of justice more so than Plato’s. Contemporary is defined as belonging to the present time adding on to it, politics, which are decisions and actions between parties with power. In “The Republic”, Socrates asks Thraysmachus to give him the answer to his question of what justice is. Thraysmachus was a sophist, who charged people for wisdom. The battle of seeking the true meaning of justice began when Socrates and Polemarchus were arguing....   [tags: justice, power, corruption]

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Justice in Plato's The Republic

- Justice in Plato's Republic       In Plato’s The Republic, he unravels the definition of justice.  Plato believed that a ruler could not be wholly just unless one was in a society that was also just. Plato did not believe in democracy, because it was democracy that killed Socrates, his beloved teacher who was a just man and a philosopher.  He believed in Guardians, or philosophers/rulers that ruled the state.  One must examine what it means for a state to be just and what it means for a person to be just to truly understand the meaning of justice.  According to Socrates, “…if we first tried to observe justice in some larger thing that possessed it, this would make it easier to observe in...   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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The Philosophy Of Plato 's The Book Republic

- In the book Republic, Plato is on a quest to define Justice as he builds the ideal city. His city is ruled by philosopher kings, the true rulers. Philosophers, in Plato’s opinion, are best fit to rule and judge because of their love of knowledge and wisdom. When arguing philosophers have the experiences of all regimes Plato says, “The philosopher to have tasted the kind of pleasure that comes from the sight of things as they truly are. ‘so far as experiences goes, then,’ I said, ‘he is the one who is in the best position to judge” (325)....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Oligarchy, Government]

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Plato And Leviathan By Plato Vs. Hobbes

- There is a diverse amount of themes that could be compared in Republic by Plato and Leviathan by Hobbes. Through these books the two authors each construct a system in which their ideal state can thrive. Both writers agree that government is necessary for the good of the people, however what that government entails drastically differs. Their images of a utopian society are largely based on their perception of human beings. Seeing as how their views on human nature are quite opposite from the other’s, it is understandable that their political theories have many dissimilarities....   [tags: Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes]

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Analysis Of The Book ' Republic '

- Mid-term Exam question 2 In the book Republic, Plato is on a quest to define Justice as he builds the ideal city. His city is ruled by philosopher kings, the true rulers. Philosophers, in Plato’s opinion, are best fit to rule and judge because of their love of knowledge and wisdom. When arguing philosophers have the experiences of all regimes Plato says, “The philosopher to have tasted the kind of pleasure that comes from the sight of things as they truly are. ‘so far as experiences goes, then,’ I said, ‘he is the one who is in the best position to judge” (325)....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Oligarchy, Government]

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Plato and Sir Philip Sydney's Views on Poetry

- It seems that Plato and Sir Philip Sidney are somewhat different and alike but Sidney is more relative. He makes it acceptable for poetry to experiment in different things instead of being so serious all the time. Comparing the two essays, Sidney is more realistic and practical about poetry and its meaning than Plato. Plato wants to create something that does not exist in the world-The Perfect Ideal State. There is nothing wrong with wanting to improve your living environment or the world that you live in, but everything will not go away by the snap of a finger....   [tags: Plato, Sir Philip Sydney, poetry, ]

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Justice in Plato's Republic

- Justice in Plato's Republic Justice. What is justice. In this world where many people look out only for themselves, justice can be considered the happiness of oneself. But because selfish men do not always decide our standards in society, to find a definition, society should look at the opinions of many. Just as in the modern society to which we live, where everyone feels justice has a different meaning, the society of Plato also struggled with the same problem. In this paper, I will look into the Republic, one of the books of Plato that resides heavily on defining an answer to the meaning of Justice, and try to find an absolute definition....   [tags: Papers Justice Plato Republic Essays]

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Knowledge of Good in Plato's The Republic

- An Intellectual Knowledge of Good in Plato’s Republic Socrates might be a wise philosopher but one of his ideas strikes me as particularly naive. In the allegory of the cave, he tells Glaucon that "in the world of knowledge the idea of good appears last of all, and is seen only with an effort [·] and that this is the power upon which he [the intellectual] would act rationally" (517b-c). In other words, he seems to be implying that knowledge of goodness is a sufficient condition for being good....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]

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Plato's Republic

- Plato's Republic Plato, one of the most ingenious and powerful thinkers in Western philosophy, born around 425 B.C. Plato investigated a wide range of topics. Dominant among his ideas is an immense discourse called The Republic. The main focus of Plato is a perfect society. He outlines a utopian society, out of his disapproval for the tension of political life. Plato lived through the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), in which much of Greece was devastated. This created poverty and political confusion and corruption....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- Plato taught his contemporaries of the idea of the soul and how it has a desire and goal to become a pure. To do this Plato stressed that every human being must compare him or herself to the most high, Godly truth. To accomplish this, humans were expected to live by the universal example by struggling with bodily temptations and sins to be able to keep the soul pure. Plato’s thoughts became the forerunner and basis for many religions in his time and overall applied to all humans as a code of how to live....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Democracy, Republic]

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Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic

- Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato’s Republic is the guardian’s responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good. Due to that, Plato claims that “philosopher must become kings or those now who called kings must genuinely and adequately philosophise’’ (Nussbaum1998, p.18). However, people argue about the reasons that the philosopher should rule the city, while the philosophers prefer to gain knowledge instead of power, thus they don’t seek this authority....   [tags: Plato, Divisions of Labor, Plato’s Republic, Repub]

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The Ethical Egoist in Plato's Republic

- The ethical egoist is one who believes that it is morally right to act strictly in one's own self-interest. Understandably, this belief poses a threat to social cooperation and, therefore, clearly introduces a significant political problem. I believe that the best example of ethical egoism is displayed in Book I of Plato's The Republic. In this Book, Plato introduces the idea of ethical egoism, explains the political problem posed by it, and addresses the problem through the words of Socrates. I will use this paper to explain and clarify the arguments for and against the concept of ethical egoism, with specific focus on the political problem it poses and the proper approach to addressing th...   [tags: politics, ethical egoism, socrates]

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Analysis of Plato´s Republic

- Republic, perhaps Plato’s most famous work focusing on justice and its values, is also home to Socrates’ unique ideas and the challenges that he faces throughout his dialogues with other philosophers. Nevertheless, justice is not the only topic that Plato examines in his work. In the Republic, a simple discussion of the justice and the different characteristics of cities, escalates into a discussion about the souls of individuals. Socrates starts out by offering an agreement to the fact that since cities are made of individuals, their characteristics can also be found in individuals....   [tags: justice, value, soul, individual, logic]

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Plato on Justice

- Plato’s interpretation of justice as seen in ‘The Republic’ is a vastly different one when compared to what we and even the philosophers of his own time are accustomed to. Plato would say justice is the act of carrying out one’s duties as he is fitted with. Moreover, if one’s duties require one to lie or commit something else that is not traditionally viewed along with justice; that too is considered just by Plato’s accounts in ‘The Republic.’ I believe Plato’s account of justice, and his likely defense against objections are both clear and logical, thus I will endeavor to argue his views as best as I can....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- In The Republic Plato constructs his argument through an analogy between a city and the soul on what justice means to him. The two main questions that drive the dialogue between philosophers are, “What is justice?” and “Is justice preferable to injustice?” Plato’s thesis of The Republic is that justice is about one’s inner harmony with the tripartite of the soul and this is seen through his analogy of the city. Instead of allowing equal value to each virtue, Plato makes the virtue of wisdom the most important, causing people who possess the other virtues seem less valuable....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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The Cave and the Matrix

- The Cave and the Matrix Movie critics and philosophers alike agree that the movie “The Matrix” is indeed based upon certain Platonic themes from Book VII of The Republic. In this story entitled "The Allegory of the Cave," he describes a dark underground cave where a group of people are sitting in one long row with their backs to the cave's entrance. Chained to their chairs from an early age, all the humans can see is the distant cave wall in from of them. The shadows of statues held by unseen ‘puppet handlers’ reflect on the walls from the light of a fire that is also out of sight of those in the cave....   [tags: Plato Republic Matrix Movie Philosophy Essays]

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Plato and the Nuclear Family in his Work:The Republic

- The nuclear family, consisting of a mother, father, and children, is something very familiar to our society. We hold these relations as ideal and form our lives around their bonds. In the Republic, Plato suggests to abolish families and replace them with the Guardians. This is easily one of Plato’s most controversial ideas; it contains positive elements, but is seen as impractical to undesirable by many. The rationale behind Plato’s idea consists of many different parts, which are focused on a main goal of unity....   [tags: Society, Offspring]

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Justice In Plato's The Republic

- Justice In Plato's The Republic Ralph Waldo Emerson once wrote “One man’s justice is another’s injustice.” This statement quite adequately describes the relation between definitions of justice presented by Polemarchus and Thrasymachus in Book I of the Republic. Polemarchus initially asserts that justice is “to give to each what is owed” (Republic 331d), a definition he picked up from Simonides. Then, through the unrelenting questioning of Socrates, Polemarchus’ definition evolves into “doing good to friends and harm to enemies” (Republic 332d), but this definition proves insufficient to Socrates also....   [tags: Plato Republic Justice Philosophy Essays]

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The Dimensions of Morality in The Prince and The Republic of Plato

- Morality is likely the most debated topic of all time, especially in regards to our moral responsibility for each other. Throughout history many writers and philosophers have taken different angles the concept of morality and have applied it in many ways. This includes: Niccolò Machiavelli with The Prince (we will be looking at The Qualities of the Prince) and Plato with The Republic (we will be looking at the section The Allegory of the Cave. The Prince (1513) essentially lays out a how-to guide of how to obtain power and how to keep it; The Qualities of the Prince contains a list of qualities that one should appear to have while in power; this work will be used to represent the case agains...   [tags: philosophy, allegory of the cave]

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Summary Of ' The ' Of The Republic '

- The Three Pensive Points An Expository Essay of Three Major Points in The Republic 1-5 In the Republic, Socrates argues that justice ought to be valued both for its own sake and for the sake of its consequences, says Mark McPherran in the chapter “Ethics and Politics in Socrates’ defense of justice”; 2010. In Republic books 1-5 Socrates continually argues with his various interlocutors. Throughout every line and every page a new moral good arises as well as a new question. These questions are typically ones that have left our society and our general thinking in pieces....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Justice, Socrates]

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Plato's Republic

- Plato's Republic In Plato’s Republic, Glaucon is introduced to the reader as a man who loves honor, sex, and luxury. As The Republic progresses through books and Socrates’ arguments of how and why these flaws make the soul unhappy began to piece together, Glaucon relates some of these cases to his own life, and begins to see how Socrates’ line of reasoning makes more sense than his own. Once Glaucon comes to this realization, he embarks on a path of change on his outlook of what happiness is, and this change is evidenced by the way he responds during he and Socrates’ discourse....   [tags: Plato Republic Glaucon Essays]

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Plato’s Republic and the Just War Theory Versus Humanitarian Intervention

- American involvement in humanitarian intervention is one of the most controversial issues in contemporary US foreign policy. The definition of humanitarian intervention is a military intervention; entering into a country for the purposes of saving lives and protecting citizens from the violation of their human rights. As in all debates, there are always two sides. One side disputes that military force should only be applied when, in the words of former Secretary of Defense Weinberger, ‘a vital national interest is at stake.’ ¹ The opposing side disputes that the US should apply military force to mediate when in the words of former president Clinton, “someone comes after innocent civilians…an...   [tags: plato, republic, war]

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Republic by Plato War in Relation to Justice, Injustice, and the Just City

- Republic by Plato War in Relation to Justice, Injustice, and the Just City Beginning in Book I Socrates states clearly that injustice causes war and justice causes the opposite, but by Book V he seems to have a completely different perspective on whether war is just or not. His mind apparently begins to change in Book II when he introduces the second class of people, namely the guardians, with the purpose of defending the city. Throughout Books II, IV and V Socrates discusses the topic of war in light of justice and finally concludes that war is the outworking of the perfectly just city....   [tags: Papers]

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Plato

- In 428 B.C. Aristocles (later known as Plato) was born in Athens. He was born on the island of Aegina, which lies just twelve miles off shore from Athens in the Saronic Gulf (Havelock 3). Aristocles was born into a great political family (Friedlander 14). His father being the descendant of Codrus, the last king of Athens, and his mother was descendant from the great Athenian law maker Solon (Friedlander 15). Like most adolescent children his ambitions were far from anything his parents had ever done....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Idealistic and Realistic View of Justice

- Introduction Throughout human existence, there has always been a struggle between the idealistic views and the realistic views of justice. The idealistic person believes that everyone deserves justice; however, there have been times when people have been wrongfully convicted for a crime and spent years in prison. In the movie, The Dark Knight, Bruce Wayne understands the corruption of the justice system in Gotham City and creates a vigilante persona to bring justice to Gotham City. The Joker, the realist, realizes that Gotham City cannot be saved because he believes that the true nature of human beings is selfishness....   [tags: Batman, Plato, The Republic, justice system]

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Description of a Just Society in Book III of Plato’s Republic Socrates

- In Book III of Plato’s Republic Socrates is describing his “just society”. He uses the metaphor of people being made of metal to describe which class they belong in. He uses an example of “some men the power of command, and in the composition of these he has mingled gold, wherefore also they have the greatest honour”. He then describes the next class of people being made of silver, who are to be “auxiliaries”, which is describing some sort of warrior. The final two classes of people he describes are composed of brass and iron, which will be the “husbandmen and craftsmen”....   [tags: talent, social classes, utilitarianism]

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Justice and Good in The Republic by Plato.

- In The Republic, Plato strives to display through the character and conversations of Socrates that justice is better than just the proper good for which men must strive for, regardless of whether they could receive equal benefit from choosing otherwise. His method is to use the dialogue from Socrates, questions which led the reader from one point to another, supposedly with convincing logic by obtaining agreement to each point before proceeding to the next, and so constructing an intriguing argument....   [tags: essays research papers]

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An Analysis of Plato's Republic

- Explain the passage’s meaning in context. Societies hold value in the respect and virtuous abilities over others often times put justice on a pedestal and hold tight to it. In the eyes of Socrates is Plato’s Republic, Book VI he states that “In a suitable one [constitution], his [a philosopher's] own growth will be fuller and he will save the community as well as himself” (Plato “Republic”, p. 177, 497a). When you break it down this quote means when abiding by the laws held by the community each man must try to pursue the most virtuous version of themselves....   [tags: virtuous, philosophy, justice]

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Plato

- Plato was a philosopher in the time of the distinguished Greek philosophers. He wrote a book entitled The Republic in which he explains some of his philosophy on subjects ranging from education to government. Plato constructed a model by which he proposed all governments evolve. He called it the Five Stages of Government. He suggested that there are five forms of government, which evolve out of one another; Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, Tyranny, and Aristocracy. A Timocracy is a government of the military and of honor....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Plato's Republic Justified

- Plato's Republic Justified In Plato's Republic, Socrates leads a discussion with his fellow philosophers attempting to isolate the concept of justice in the soul. In order to accomplish this task, they hypothesize that justice can occur both in the city as well as and the soul. Because the philosophers are more familiar with the workings of a city than the soul, they try to find justice by creating the ideal city, or Kallipolis. When they find justice in the ideal city, they are able to apply as well as justify the use of that same concept in the soul....   [tags: Papers]

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