Your search returned over 400 essays for "Psychological"
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Psychological Assessment Of Psychological Assessments

- ... Likewise career counselors often conduct career assessments using Strong Interest Inventory, Differential Aptitude tests and the work values inventory. Within school counseling, tests which evaluate “cognitive abilities such as Wechsler Intelligence scale for children or the scholastic aptitude tests” are frequently used (p. 10). One is able to differentiate psychological assessment procedures through asking who, what, where, when, why and how of the assessment. The “who” asks whether the assessment was based on self reports or reports from others (p.13), “where” helps to distinguish between test results obtained in laboratory as opposed to natural setting (p....   [tags: Psychometrics, Assessment, Psychological testing]

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Defense Mechanisms : A Psychological Disorder

- ... If a patient is faced with a situation that is too much for them to handle, they will refuse to experience it. Denial is the first defense any person or patient experiences. It can generate by itself or, more commonly with other defense mechanisms. Repression is putting unpleasant thoughts, feelings, or events out of one’s mind. In the long run, this mechanism is not successful. It will force wishes, memories, or even ideas to a point where you will be anxious constantly. An example may consist of hysterical amnesia, in which a patient or person may have witnessed or conducted an uneasy act and when asked about the act, they totally forget....   [tags: Defence mechanism, Psychological projection]

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Psychological Anxieties in English Literature

- ... Lack of faith in God and religion caused man to develop confused conceptions in their own identities and an apprehensive anxieties as an integral part of their life to some extent was self-created leading them to live a purposefully incomplete life. An important characteristic of the modern novel is its diversity of themes and variety of themes were not prevalent during Marlowe’s Age. Doctor Faustus Theme- The play opens with the chorus which announces the theme of the play- being neither exploits of war, nor ‘dalliance’ of love, nor ‘proud audacious deeds’....   [tags: psychological tormented characters]

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Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS)

- Purpose: Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) works with students at the University of Arkansas to help them solve problems that arise during any given semester. CAPS help students to understand themselves and to promote personal growth. The staff at CAPS helps students to develop more satisfying relationships with their friends, families, and peers. They also assist with other mental health issues. Population: CAPS provide services for all the students attending the University of Arkansas....   [tags: Psychological Servicies, Counseling]

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Ethical and Psychological Hedonism

- ... To compare, then, in general hedonism is about valuing pleasure; depending on what kind we are talking about, it may hold different meanings entirely. Ethical hedonism is one branch which states that a person ought to be entitled to act in ways so as to achieve the greatest amount of personal pleasure (and minimize the amount of personal pain). This normative statement is in sharp contrast to the descriptive—and theoretically baseless—concept of psychological hedonism which argues that a human is always motivated by a desire to achieve personal pleasures....   [tags: ethical hedonism, psychological hedonism]

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Evolution of Psychological Disorders

- Psychological disorders could be better defined. It is described as mental or behavior pattern that cause a person suffering and is not seen as socially acceptable of normal. The field is growing each year and they are developing a better understanding of how to diagnose and treat the disease. After reading about the DSM-IV-TR it does seem like a more efficient resource for strictly psychological diseases does need to be produced especially, because the amount of psychological disorders has grown so much in the past 60 years and will continue to grow....   [tags: mental behavior, psychological disorders]

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Psychological Maltreatment And Mental Trauma

- Psychological maltreatment is also often referred to interchangeably as emotional or mental abuse. This refers to any form of maltreatment that can be categorized as an individual being subjected to the activities of another individual that frequently result in any form of mental trauma of the victim. Psychological maltreatment can be seen as one of the most serious and slightly overlooked problems in modern society (Lesson & Nixon, 2010). In general, psychological maltreatment is considered any kind of abuse that is emotional opposed to physical in nature....   [tags: Abuse, Bullying, Psychological abuse, Psychology]

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The Psychological Causes of Alcoholism

- A little while ago, I sat down with this woman to talk about her life. She told me that her story was a bit sad and bitter, and for a moment, I did not believe it. It was after when I realized that she actually meant it, she meant it when she said there was no happy ending. It was hard to understand, but at the same time, it was all crystal clear. Her mother was an alcoholic. She died when se was only 61 years old, and left a family full of memories and love behind (Arango). That woman is my mom, and that alcoholic, the most generous and toughest person I know, was my grandmother....   [tags: co-dependence, alcohol, psychological condition]

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Why is the Psychological Contract Important to the Organization?

- Human resource management plays an important role in the organisation. It not only helps the employer evaluate employee accurately but also contribute to the firm’s development. Hence, the appearance of psychological contract is one of the most effective tools to help the organisation improve their HRM issues. However, it also has some challenges for the manager to overcome. Therefore, the main aim of this essay is to analyse the importance of the psychological contract in many aspects and support more evidences and experiences to support employers’ view in managing people....   [tags: Psychological Contract Research Paper]

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Psychological Structures that Shape a Person's Actions

- Every individual has a unique personality, which is known as the psychological makeup. This is known as the relatively stable, psychological structures that shape a person’s actions in a specific environment. (Gill, 1986) Triplett (1898) shows that sport psychology began in the 1890s. The psychologist Norman Triplett who was a keen cyclist, asked the question that is, “why do cyclists sometimes rode faster when they raced in groups or pairs than when they rode alone?” (Weinberg & Gould, 2011, p....   [tags: personality,psychological makeup,responses]

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Psychological and Sociological Factors in Smoking Addiction

- Psychological and Sociological Factors in Smoking Addiction Understanding the habit of smoking tobacco The essay will discuss how smoking tobacco became a habit among people; what are the factors that affect the thinking of individuals in experimenting tobacco smoking; and what makes them think of quitting smoking. It will address both psychological and sociological ideas and will attempt to apply each idea in order to understand people’s lifestyles. Introduction Tobacco is a green and leafy plant and mostly grows in a warm environment....   [tags: Smoking, psychological and social influences]

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Psychological Analysis of Lee Harvey Oswald

- On November 22nd, 1963 President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. It was concluded by The Warren Commission that the man who assassinated President Kennedy was 24 year old, Lee Harvey Oswald. Less than 48 hours after Kennedy was shot, while Oswald was being transferred to the county jail, he was assassinated. Lee Harvey Oswald was killed before he could undergo any psychological or psychiatric analysis, so it is impossible to know for certain what his mental state was at the time of President Kennedy's assassination....   [tags: Psychological Capability of Murder]

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The American Psychological Association Describes Post Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

- The American Psychological Association describes Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as the symptomatic reaction to the direct or indirect exposure to an extreme traumatic stressor that evokes feelings of fear, helplessness and horror. Mostly, this description of PTSD has been applied to instances of short-lived, single event, acute traumas, but it fails to capture the psychological symptomology resulting from repeat exposure to traumatic stressors or the effect of persistent non-traumatic stressors over a extended period of time....   [tags: Psychological trauma]

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Personal Identity and Psychological Reductionism

- Personal Identity and Psychological Reductionism When we tackle the question of 'What makes us the individual persons that we are?', one approach that we can take is to seek an answer to the question of what it is that is required for a person to continue to exist over time. If we could agree on what is required for it to be true that you continued to exist, then we would have good grounds to believe that we had discovered what makes someone the particular person they are, and by extension, what makes any person the person they are....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Papers]

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Psychological and Ethical Egoism

- Egoism is a teleological theory of ethics that sets the ultimate criterion of morality in some nonmoral value (i.e. happiness or welfare) that results from acts (Pojman 276). It is contrasted with altruism, which is the view that one's actions ought to further the interests or good of other people, ideally to the exclusion of one's own interests (Pojman 272). This essay will explain the relation between psychological egoism and ethical egoism. It will examine how someone who believes in psychological egoism explains the apparent instances of altruism....   [tags: Ethics Psychological Egoism]

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Psychological Assessment Report

- Confidential Material The names used in this Psychological Assessment Report are fictitious. This is absolutely necessary to protect the privacy of the children being observed. NAME: Ryan Smith DATE OF BIRTH: 5/8/1998 CHRONOLOGICAL AGE: 16 years PARENTS: Mary Smith & Ryan Smith GRADE: completed ninth grade DATES OF ASSESSMENT: 7/17; 7/27/2014 DATE OF REPORT: 8/3/ 2014 INDENTIFYING DATA AND REASON FOR REFERRAL: Ryan is a 16 years 3 months old Caucasian adolescent, who was referred for a psychological evaluation to determine his current cognitive and emotional status....   [tags: Adolescent Psychological Assessment]

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Journal Article Review on Using Psychological Skills Training to Develop Performance by Richard C. Thelwell

- Review of Journal Article: Using Psychological Skills Training to Develop Soccer Performance Richard C. Thelwell , Iain A. Greenlees & Neil J. V. Weston (2006) Using Psychological Skills Training to Develop Soccer Performance, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology,18:3, 254-270 Improving the performances of athletes has always been of utmost importance to many stakeholders of the sporting industry, such as the athletes’ coaches, sport psychologists, sports scientists. Many factors during a competition can affect athletes physically and mentally and these can negatively affect their performance abilities....   [tags: performance, profiling, psychological]

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The Psychological Impact of War and Peacekeeping

- Comparing ‘Suspicious Minds at Risk. The Role of Meaning in Processing War, Peacekeeping Experiences’ and ‘Nationalism, Internationalism, and Perceived UN Irrelevance: Mediators of Relationships between Authoritarianism and Support for Military Aggression as Part of the War on Terror’ and How Many Casualties Are Too Many. Proportional Reasoning in the Valuation of Military and Civilian Lives War is one of the unfortunate constants of human history, fought for various reasons. One has to wonder how much human beings can dehumanize the enemy, or their own soldiers with simple propaganda....   [tags: Psychological Effects of Combat]

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Psychological Egoism

- Psychological Egoism      The descriptive claim made by Psychological Egoists is that humans, by nature, are motivated only by self-interest. Any act, no matter how altruistic it may seem on the outside is actually only a disguise for a selfish desire such as recognition, avoiding guilt, reward or sense of personal ‘goodness’ or morality. For example, Mother Teresa is just using the poor for her own long-term spiritual gain. Being a universal claim, it could falter with a single counterexample....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Essays]

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Psychological Stress

- Psychological stress is a result of many factors and should be dealt with very carefully. Stress can be defined as “An excess of demand made upon the adaptive capabilities of the mind and body”.(Joseph 1). Another way of putting it, is that there are some things that put certain demands on us. The effects of stress should not be limited to unpleasant emotional states. Many studies have concluded that the effects on our physical health from stress can be extremely detrimental. These adverse physical effects include heart disease and formations of cancer....   [tags: Health Impact Psychological Stress]

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Psychological Intervention Research Techniques

- This assignment presents an analysis of various Intervention research techniques. Given that Randomized Control Trials are considered to be a gold standard for testing the efficiency and efficacy of interventions, the main focus of this assignment will be on the value of other types of intervention research techniques. For the sake of convenience most of the examples in this assignment will focus on interventions for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a disorder which is characterized by disturbances in the content of thought, perception, affect, sense of self, motivation, and behaviour....   [tags: Psychological Research Techniques]

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Psychological And Psychological Responses Of Fear

- ... This activation of the brain is followed by many body responses that include the stimulation of the HPA (Schacter, Gilbert, Wegner & Nock, 2015). When the pituitary gland is stimulated, it causes the stimulation of the adrenal glands that control the longer-term stress response through the release of cortisol (Wetherell et al., 2006), which is a hormone that increases the concentration of glucose in the blood and helps provide energy to the muscles (Schacter, Gilbert, Wegner & Nock, 2015). The adrenal glands also release hormones such as adrenaline and norepinephrine which promote the preparation of the body for the fight-or-flight response to stress (Wetherell et al., 2006)....   [tags: Sympathetic nervous system]

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Psychological And Psychological Description Of The Movie ' The Night '

- ... Her action can be accepted because that is human instinct. John “He was a slow, unambitious man, content with his farm and cattle, naively proud of Ann.” “John never hired a man to help him. He wanted a mortgage-free farm; then a new house and petty cloth for her … There was in his devotion a baffling, insurmountable humility that made him feel the need of sacrifice.” “You [John] said yourself we could expect a storm. It isn’t right to leave me [Ann] here alone. Surely I’m as important as your father.” “But he’s an old man – living there all alone.” “John never danced or enjoyed himself....   [tags: Marriage, Woman, Filial piety, Wife]

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Psychological And Psychological Disorders And Behavioral Patterns

- Many people think that they are perfectly fine psychologically throughout their lives, but in reality everyone actually develops a type of phobia consciously or unconsciously in their lifetime. Phobias are fear to a certain type of object or situation (Weiten 177). Also, the part of our brain that deals with emotions is called the amygdala (Weiten 308). This means that any damage to the amygdala will cause a person to be unable to identify emotions that they are expressing or emotions that are produce by others....   [tags: Psychology, Emotion, Paul Ekman]

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The Psychological Contract

- Introduction The Psychological Contract is an increasingly relevant aspect of workplace relationships and human behavior. This essay will provide a basic definition of psychological policy, explain and analyze the role of the psychological control in managing human resources by different perspectives from people involved. Moreover, it will point out issues with the Raffles merger, address these issues and detail how it strengthens the contract in the Raffles merger by three inter-related human resource polices....   [tags: human resource management]

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Is Psychological Profiling the Solution to Terrorism?

- Is Psychological Profiling the Solution. History Between 1940 and 1956, a profound killer known as the Mad Bomber disturbed New York City’s streets. For sixteen years, the Mad Bomber evaded New York City’s police officers and planted over thirty small bombs in public places. In 1956, the infuriated investigators decided to ask for the help of a psychiatrist, James Brussel. Brussel analyzed the notes and photos that were taken at the scene of the incidents. These objects allowed him to come up with a detailed description of the suspect: He would be in his 50’s, unmarried, self-educated, and foreign....   [tags: mad bomber, crime, police]

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Physical Safety And Psychological Safety

- ... For instance, when an employee has got a better employment equity psychological safety (i.e. sufficient support from his/her supervisor or co-workers for not being rejected due to his/her religious belief, gender or ethnicity), it will lead to his/her trust or commitment of the team which relates to team psychological safety. Accordingly, it may argue that the employment equity psychological safety is an antecedent of the team psychological safety. Furthermore, Walumbwa and Schaubroeck (2009) have investigated the mediating roles of ethical leadership and work group psychological safety on leader personality traits-employee voice behavior relationship....   [tags: Employment, Psychology, Positive psychology]

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The Psychological Effects Of Injuries On Athletes

- ... The problem with injuries is their unpredictability. One athlete can go to physical therapy for two weeks and be fine and another might be stuck for several months. The effect of seeing other people recover is highly detrimental to the mind of the recovering athlete. They are used to being the best and seeing their body fail them is a difficult thing to understand and cope with under the circumstances of an injury. Lack of confidence is also a severe obstacle an injured athlete must overcome in order to return to competition....   [tags: Psychology, Thought, Mind, Cognition]

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The Effects of Psychological Trauma on Family

- Psychological Trauma can alter, destroy and create a lot of bad impacts in a person’s life. The main definition of psychological trauma is the results of unique individual experience of an unusually event that invaded a person’s sense of security and safety, making he or she feels helpless and at risk of dangerous situation, and the ability to assimilate his or her emotional experience is overwhelmed at certain situation. (Lawrence Robinson, 2011) A much more serious psychological trauma can leads to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) in certain circumstance....   [tags: Psychology ]

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The Psychological Impact of Injury on Athletes

- Due to the nature of sport, athletes will always be faced with the possibility of becoming injured. Empirical research has demonstrated that injury has a psychological impact on athletes (Quinn & Fallon, 1999). Indeed, sports practitioners often witness negative psychological impacts such as depression and in extreme cases suicidal tendencies in the injured athlete (Jevon & Johnston, 2003). Injuries have a dramatic impact upon an athlete’s life (Deutsch, 1985), Crossman (1997) interviewed athletic trainers and established that 47% of respondents believed that every injured athlete suffered psychological trauma....   [tags: psychology, sports, training, trauma]

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The Effects Of Psychological Disorders On The Brain

- This paper discusses what psychological disorders are and how to cope with them. It explains that psychological disorders are also known as mental disorders that affect the brain, which in turn alter the way people may behave. There are several different types of disorders that individuals can suffer from. A few that are mentioned are anxiety, depression, and bipolar disorder. All three of these can be classified as a mental illness because they affect mood, thinking, and behavior. Like with any disease, signs and symptoms are apparent....   [tags: Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, Mental disorder]

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Psychological Safety And Self Efficacy

- ... Moreover, the field of psychological safety is still in its embryonic stage and prior studies are yet to integrate the dimension of employment equity (e.g. employment equality, discrimination, equal opportunities etc.) in their conceptualization of psychological safety. Psychological Safety’s Dimensions This section describes about psychological safety dimensions as follows. First, Physical risk psychological safety relates to a safety feeling of an employee which deals with physical risk conditions, such as noise, physical hazard and etc....   [tags: Occupational safety and health, Risk, Employment]

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The Psychological Wellbeing On The Age Of Internet

- The psychological wellbeing in the age of internet Today is the era of information technology. There are a number of applications of this technology in the daily lives of human beings. And one of the most prominent, frequent and overly emphasized example of this technology is internet. Strictly speaking, internet is the technology with many other sub-technologies in its implication. Most of the computer applications are useless without internet. Most of the mobile phone functions cannot operate properly without internet....   [tags: Personality psychology, Psychology]

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Psychological Disorders in a Terroristic Event

- Psychological disorders present in individuals in the wake of a terroristic event will vary based on several things. For example, young children will have different psychological disorders compared to school-aged children or adolescents. Although the ages are fairly close, the disorders and symptoms that will be present will have great differences. Also, the psychological disorders of the direct victims, such as the individuals present at the event, will differ from the emergency workers, the indirect victims, such as family friends and coworkers of the direct victims, or the first responders, which include the media, fire department and police....   [tags: Disorders, Symptoms, Emergencies, Age]

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The Chemical and Psychological Effects of Chocolate

- In 2013, about 7.4 million tons of chocolate is expected to be consumed globally, totaling to nearly $110 billion (Pardomuan, Nicholson). I can honestly say that I will be one of the many people who contribute immensely to those massive quantities. Chocolate has always been one of my guilty pleasures, leading me to consider myself a “chocoholic.” After 20 years of eating chocolate, I learned there is more to chocolate than meets the eye. Many chemicals compose each delicious piece creating multiple psychological effects on the mind....   [tags: Flavor Intensity, Anandamide]

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A Psychological Analysis of "Of Mice and Men"

- The psychological approach views literature through the lens of psychology. There are multiple approaches to the psychological aspect of literature but the two most recognized are the Freudian and Jungian approach. The best approach to use when critically analyzing the novel Of Mice and Men, written by John Steinbeck, is the Jungian approach. Because the novel’s main theme is a struggle with the idea of “self”, using this approach allows the reader to understand the main character, its influences, and ultimately his actions....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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The Psychology Of Psychological Treatments And Disorders

- ... Research My research for this project will be studying how certain psychological treatments and therapies have affected patients. I am interested in this topic because there are many different areas of the subject and a lot of advancement in medicine and treatments. Treating public illness has been a process of trial and error guided by public attitudes and medical theory, “the ways in which modern cultures both understand and deal with mental illnesses have undergone a radical transformation” (Parry, M....   [tags: Psychiatry, Psychology, Mental disorder]

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The Psychological Connection to Oedipus the King

- Poet and Scholar Robert Graves wrote in 1995, “Myth has two main functions. The first is to answer the sort of awkward questions that children ask, such as ‘Who made the world. How will it end. Who was the first man. Where do souls go after death?’…The second function of myth is to justify an existing social system and account for traditional rites and customs.” Oedipus the King written by Sophocles in 430 B.C. focuses around the second function that Graves noted. The play has been around for centuries, has evoked psychological theories, and will remain a classic....   [tags: Greek, Thebes]

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The Psychological World of Shirley Jackson

- The Psychological World of Shirley Jackson Although Shirley Jackson had many psychological problems, she contributed greatly to society through her works. Shirley Jackson was a profound and ambivalent writer. She did not write to please the world but she wrote to convey how she felt about societies in the world. Her psychological problems did have an affect on her writing and it greatly connects with her life. Shirley Jackson was a very unwelcomed writer in her time and that is because many readers did not want to believe that what she wrote was true....   [tags: Bipolar Disorder, Violent Writing Style]

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Diagnosis of Psychological Disorders and Treatment

- Introduction In this paper we shall discuss two (2) fictional clients and their symptoms, and attempt to diagnose the clients using the DSM-IV TR. We then shall discuss specific treatment strategies that are based on the four (4) approaches discussed during the Introduction to Psychology course and briefly discuss ethical obligations in regard to the client during their treatment. Disorders Amanda is a 25 year old Caucasian female whom has a history of sexual abuse as a child and is in therapy to deal with emotional issues in regards to the abuse....   [tags: Female Sexual Arousal Disorder (FSAD)]

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The Benefits of a Psychological Contract

- ... For example, the writer will follow work schedule that have been fixed by company and will not take extra time or extend during break time even 5 minutes for socializing with another co-workers or personal callers. The writer know people that have that kind of the behaviors are taking the company’s money to sit around while the company is paying them to work. Therefore, the writer will stay on task. Another example, the writer also will not use company phone for personal problem whether in short or long distance, because the company pay the bills and it also like a taking company’s money even though we cannot see it....   [tags: human resource management and strategies]

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Psychological And Sociological Effects Of Gmo

- CHARLES R. JURDEN, JR. Excerpt from a group report. The Psychological and Sociological Effects of GMO What are sociological effects. They are the effects that people have on each other. It includes religious affiliations, the class in society we occupy, the laws of the land, and even sexuality. Interesting elements of the sociological study details the family and community structure, and the social culture of a group is developed through it. Race and religion are structured to reciprocate acceptance, and outsiders are commonly shunned....   [tags: Genetically modified organism]

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Psychological And Biological Perspectives On Stress

- ... The body has a natural response to stress and in order to prepare for this stressful moment, acute stress is enabled. An acute stress is a reaction to an immediate threat which is referred to the “flight or fight” response, (WebMD). This type of threat occurs when there is any kind of belief that you are in danger. The “flight or fight” response was extremely important back then when cave men were present. According to biologists this response was “an essential adaptation of meeting natural threats” and believed to be one perspective of why and how stress affects us as an individual (WebMD)....   [tags: Anxiety, Psychology, Fight-or-flight response]

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Children: Psychological and Social Development

- Question Two: It is essential for children to have healthy psychological development, and this can be affected by many situations. At home, children are affected by their family dynamics, various parenting styles, and sibling relationships. Their peer relationships, friendships, popularity, and even social networks also impact their psychological development. In order for them to have a strong psychological development they often need to have created healthy relationships with both members of their family and their peers (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2011)....   [tags: siblings, school, family, relationship]

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Use of Cannibalism as Psychological Warfare

- War demands innovation. The constant political corruption and tension between the Congolese Government and its people have forced both sides to resort to drastic measures. The threat of cannibalism is one of the ingenious war tactics that the people of the Congo have used during times of need. While killing someone with a gun, public executions, or torturing have not gotten the desired results, the Congolese viewed cannibalism as the new method for winning the war. During the Congo-Arab War, the Second Congo War, and the violence that still lives on today in the Congo, cannibalism has been a constant presence, but is used in war rather than in terms of survival or desire of human flesh....   [tags: War, Innovation, Congolese Government]

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The Psychological Causes Of Youth Depression

- Question 1: what’s the main cause of young people have depression in U.S.. The character of depression is excessive negative feelings last for a long time period (two week or more) (Walker, 2005). The aim of question one is to find out the main psychological causes of youth depression in man and women. In particular, it will analyses the overmuch stress from study or family and negative body image of young people. Much stress increases the stress hormones of human, and teenagers have poor body image very often in the process of sexual development....   [tags: Cognitive behavioral therapy, Psychology]

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The Bucket List : Psychological Theory

- Two men, opposites but the same, complete strangers until fate lands them in the same hospital room. Little did they know that they had a common need to come to terms with who they are and what they had actually done in their lives. In an effort to fulfil these desires, they venture out into the world with the hope of completing a bucket list. A psychological theory is a fact based framework used to provide a model for understanding human thoughts, emotions and behaviours. You may be thinking, “how is this of any relevance to my life?” However, the truth is, psychological theories propose, explain and predict various aspects of human behaviour which contributes to our knowledge base of the h...   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

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Psychological Diagnoses : An Unsupported Science?

- Psychological Diagnoses: An Unsupported Science. It appears that in the modern literature delineating psychiatry’s advancements, several critics are not pleased with the evolution of the field. They suggest that the science is declining in a sense; instead of us progressing in the way we treat mental disorders and in how we gain knowledge about disorder etiology, mental health has grown to become simply an outlet for the government to hide society’s issues as well as to gain a profit off of it....   [tags: Mental disorder, Psychiatry, Schizophrenia]

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The Psychological Realities For Women Of Color

- Introduction The importance of race and culture was not emphasized within the theory and practice of counseling of diverse clients until the 1950s and 1960s (Sue et al., 1989). Continual advancements are needed in counseling that are applicable to women of color. It is essential to understand identity development models, worldviews, and values of clients who specifically identify with this population (handbook of conseling women). Additionally, an examination of possible challenges such as acculturation processes, racism/discrimination, language and its affects on identity development, as well as issues of colorism should be considered if applicable to clients (integration of multicultural...   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Culture, Gender identity]

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Sexism : A Psychological Point Of View

- ... Due to this, it is made via societal stereotypes that men are to be strong and women weak, which often provides men a false sense of power over women. And given the historical and continued notion of this imbalance of power, men have taken the role to heart where men are a class privileged over women. In other words, it has led to prejudice, the positive or negative attitude towards a group (Bernstein, 2014). A negative prejudice towards woman has developed due to the notion that they are helpless and incapable making them the inferior gender compared to males....   [tags: Psychology, Gender, Sociology, Gender role]

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Labeling Of A Psychological Disorder

- The Definition of Labeling The labeling of a psychological disorder could be considered both a positive and a negative. However, there are also multiple ways to interpret the term “labeling.” Labeling could be synonymous with diagnosing but it could also be interpreted as stigmatizing. The way the term is used can often be the deciding factor as to whether or not labeling is positive or negative. In this case, both definitions are applicable. The debate concerning the labeling of those with psychological disorders and its consequences has been studied by many researchers and opposing conclusions have been made....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder]

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Psychological Components Of Communication By And With The Elderly

- Absence of Talk 1)Ryan, E. B., Giles, H., Bartolucci, G., & Henwood, K. (1986). Psycholinguistic and social psychological components of communication by and with the elderly. Language and Communication, 6, 1-24. The purpose of this study is to analyze healthy or medically disabled elderly adults through language patterns and communication. The second part of the study is to analyze the stigma and communication directed to the elderly. Third, the researchers will conduct an outline of communication factors which occurs in old age....   [tags: Gerontology, Old age, Ageing, Communication]

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The American Psychological Association ( Apa )

- When two people get married in the church they say their vows, like for better or worse, till death do us part and so on. Then two years later, they file for a divorce. Is it ideal for a couple to just jump into marriage without knowing what they are going to face and the responsibility that comes with marriage. They all claim love as the reason they decide to get married, but love is forever, and is their marriage forever. I think not. Divorce has caused children to get to know one of their parents out of the two which contributed into their being alive, it has caused a financial imbalance in the lives of the men or ex-husbands, and it is moving like a canker worm slowly growing, and t...   [tags: Marriage, Divorce, Alimony, Family]

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Physical and Psychological Effects of Marijuana

- Marijuana while illegal on a federal level has been legalized in 18 states and the District of Columbia for medical use and also for personal use for anyone over 21 in Washington and Colorado. 48% of Americans admit to using marijuana according to a 2013 survey conducted by Scientific America. With the change in public opinion concerning marijuana the need to understand the effect and consequences associated with its use are vitally important. What are the effects on the brain and the rest of the body....   [tags: legal issues, drugs]

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Psychological Disorders And Mental Disorders

- ... There are different types of Anxiety disorders which include Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Phobic Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and even Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Generalized Anxiety Disorder is when people experience long term, persistent anxiety from unknown causes. A Panic Disorder is when a person experiences frequent fear and anxiety resulting in panic. A Phobic Disorder is when a person has an intense, irrational fear of an object and/or situation. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is when a person feels that they must carry out behaviors compulsively....   [tags: Abnormal psychology, Schizophrenia]

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Is Schizophrenia A Psychological Or Mental Disorder?

- Schizophrenia Case Study According to (Barlow, 2001), Schizophrenia is a psychological or mental disorder that makes the patient recognize real things and to have abnormal social behavior. Schizophrenia is characterized by symptoms such as confused thinking, hallucinations, false beliefs, demotivation, reduced social interaction and emotional expressions (Linkov, 2008). Diagnosis of this disorder is done through observation of patient’s behavior, and previously reported experiences (Mothersill, 2007)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Delusional disorder]

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The Psychological Views Of The Psychiatric Model

- ... This mistaken repression manifests itself in the form of mental illness. To Freud, this repression can have a negative aspect to it. Freud 's solution to this problem places an emphasis on the relationship between the analyst and the patient. These problems could not originate through biomedical means and thus could not be solved by them. The goal of analysis is to bring the material from the unconscious into the conscious and help the patient resolve the dilemma. The analyst works as a guide; the patient discovers and resolves the issue herself....   [tags: Carl Jung, Unconscious mind, Psychology, Mind]

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Burnout Is A Type Of Psychological Stress

- ... Nurses reported being burned out, dissatisfied with their job based on their wages, understaffing, and employee benefits. Labor disputes including nursing strikes based on wages are related to patient care. Nursing strikes on patient outcome in the state of New York showed that hospital mortality rate was 19.4 percent higher and rate of hospital readmission were 6.5 percent higher for patients admitted during a nursing strike compared to other hospitals not affected by the strike (McHugh et al., 2011)....   [tags: Nursing, Patient, Hospital, Stress]

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The Physiological And Psychological Effects Of Meditation

- ... Concentrative meditation requires one to focus entirely on a specific thing, usually their breathing or sometimes a simple thought. This will allow them to suppress any other thought and therefore reaching a state that is sometimes described as weightless, empty, and completely tranquil. Nondirective meditation is less rigorous, in a sense, than concentrative as the meditator’s mind is allowed to wander while they focus on something else, like their breathing or relaxing sounds. Guided meditation, a very popular form of meditation, is categorized under nondirective....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Major depressive disorder, Mind]

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Validation of Psychological Tests and Treatments

- “Tell me what you see,” the psychiatrist says to my 6 year old brother, as she pulls out a small white card with marks of black printed on its front. This is the classic beginning of the Rorschach test, a psychological experiment conducted to analyze how a person acts and responds to external stimuli; “then analyzed using psychological interpretation, complex algorithms, or both. Some psychologists use this test to examine a person's personality characteristics and emotional functioning” [as it was done to my brother] in order to detect underlying thought disorder, especially in cases where patients are unable to describe their thinking processes clearly and openly....   [tags: the Rorschach test]

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Self Help : A Psychological Treatment

- Self-help is defined as standardized psychological treatment that helps someone cope with personal and emotional problems without the need of professional help (van Spijker; Bergsma). Most people can try this form of treatment through home independently, by either a book or through the internet (van Spijker). The dictionaries definition of self-help is “the acts of helping or bettering oneself without the aid of others.”(Bergsma). There has been many trials that have shown the effectiveness of self-help....   [tags: Major depressive disorder, Suicide]

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Psychological Effects On The Correction System

- ... The article “What’s Ahead for California’s Dysfunctional Prisons” published by The Crime Report reveals that, “[t]he corrections budget, which was $6.2 billion when he entered office, ballooned to a high as $11 billion, before falling to a still staggering $8.3 billion for fiscal year 2010-2011” (“What’s”). Despite spending the most money on its prison system California is recognized for having one of the most dysfunctional prison system throughout the nation. Further along the line of the classification of the correction system as dysfunctional, overcrowding comes into play....   [tags: Prison, Penology, Recidivism, Corrections]

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Psychological Techniques And Nuances Of Film

- ... The gooey, life-giving center of it all is the way that psychology is woven into all those skills in order to tell a story. In addition, the use of symbolism and playing off societal fears and beliefs is a strong way to influence the viewers. By knowing the basics of the human psyche, the story teller- or more specifically, the director- can portray a story accurately and truly connect with the audience. I would also argue that, reversely, film has had a major impact on the human psyche since its inception and invention over a century ago....   [tags: Mind, Psychology, Color, Film]

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The Psychological Perception Of Mental Health

- ... The micro-level refers to a person’s immediate family or the people that are the closest to them, the people that they interact with on an almost daily basis. The mezzo-level focuses on the communities to which the individual assigns themselves. Lastly, the macro-level focuses on society as a whole. In each of these levels, the mental health provider analyzes how these influences interact with the individual’s lives both positively and negatively. In this case, the church community would fall into the mezzo-level of an individual’s life....   [tags: Sociology, Mental disorder, Mental health]

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The Psychological Effects of Unemployment

- ... What the unemployed regretted in the absence of work was largely the extrinsic factors (O’Brien 188). Of these extrinsic factors, the loss of income and social status were regretted the most (O’Brien 196). “Unemployment is expected to lower current and future wages and lower reputation” (Carroll 289). One of the major ways in which mental illness is caused is through economic loss. Those who lose their job suffer from economic stress which precipitates or induces mental illness. The financial worries that follow a period of joblessness are one major factor....   [tags: decreased life satisfaction, stress]

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Chapter 12 : Psychological Disorders

- Chapter 12 is over psychological disorders. This chapter discusses the meaning of the word abnormal and different approaches to understanding abnormal behavior. Abnormal behavior is deviant, maladaptive, or personally distressing over a long period of time. Deviant behavior is atypical or unusual behavior. Maladaptive behavior is behavior that interferes with one’s ability to function effectively. Personally distressful behavior over a long period of time is behavior that makes engaging with normal behaviors stressful....   [tags: Abnormal psychology, Schizophrenia]

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Depression : A Psychological Disorder

- ... As a psychological disorder, depression is very difficult to cope with once it hits and the sensation perceived require time to recuperate. Simple tasks, such as getting out of bed, may even be a complicated sequence in this state of being. Cognitive functions may also be at risk while being in a depressed state; however, the severity may vary. Some functions that may receive a moderate handicap would include: The ability to memorize, concentrate, or function normally. The symptoms of depression have the ability to consist of mild to extremely severe outcomes and potential thoughts of suicide....   [tags: Psychology, Major depressive disorder, Cognition]

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Psychological and Emotional Effects of Words

- Gitte Falkenburg once said, “ Stick and Stones can break your bones, but words can hurt your soul”. This quote is accurate because pain is only temporary, but words can also affect one’s psychological and emotional states in long term. So, how easy it is to hurt someone through electronic communication. People only need to send one or two text messages to launch an attack of insults and rumors, and within few minutes, everyone will know about it. This is an alarming issue that should be address because there are recent cases of suicide from cyberbullying....   [tags: social communication, amanda todd, cyberbullying]

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Flamethrowers: Their Psychological Effects in Warfare

- ... When ignited, the burning mixture is spewed out from the barrel of the weapon toward the target. They first saw use in 1915 when the Germans caught the British off-guard at night. Lieutenant Carey wrote what he saw during that battle. As written in Lyn Macdonald’s 1915: The Death of Innocence, Carey wrote, “There was a sudden hissing sound, and a bright crimson glare over the crater turned the whole scene red. As I looked I saw three or four distinct jets of flame, like a line of powerful fire hoses spraying firing instead of water, shoot across my trench....   [tags: PTSD, warfare and weapons]

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Panic Attacks And The Psychological Effects

- My Journey through Panic Attacks Panic attacks have been studied and recorded through human history. They were first revealed in a medical book during the eighteenth century and then finally recognized as a psychiatric diagnosis in the late 1900’s. In today’s news, panic attacks are describe and a fearful and anxiety filled period of time where you feel like you can’t breathe. In this paper I will talk about panic attacks and the psychological effects, statistics, coping mechanisms and lastly my journey through it all....   [tags: Panic attack, Anxiety, Fear, Panic disorder]

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The Psychological Effects Of Cultural Diversity

- The United States has developed immensely since it’s establishment as a country. In today’s society America holds a great deal of power in the world and has attracted quite a bit of attention. The United States is a popular place for individuals to travel and immigrate to. With immigration of people from various countries and cultures as well as various reasons for the move, the United States of American over the years has come to be known as a sort of “melting pot,” where a little bit of everything comes together....   [tags: United States, Sociology, European American]

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Hypnosis : Psychological And Physical Problems

- Hypnosis Allison M. Smith Ball State University CPSY 230 November 24, 2014   Hypnosis Not only is hypnosis one of the oldest forms of psychotherapy in the Western world, it is also one of the most misunderstood (Miller, 2008). Hypnosis is proven to help with psychological and physical problems. With the help of a therapist, you can regain memories that you repressed when you were a child and your perceptions can be altered. There are skeptics when it comes to the validity of hypnosis, and part of that is due to the relationship hypnosis has to entertainment (Miller, 2008)....   [tags: Hypnosis, Sigmund Freud, Andrew Salter]

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The Psychological Problems Of The Homeless

- “The Psychological Problems of the Homeless” According to “The State of Homelessness In America”, there were about 600,000 homeless people in America in the year of 2014. These are the people that are sleeping outside, in emergency shelters, or in transitional housing programs. Who are these people some might wonder. Most of the homeless people in America are in fact veterans, poor people, and even those who are unemployed and can no longer afford living expenses. There are multiple causes that could lead to any American to become homeless....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Mental illness]

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Psychological Perspectives Of Psychology And Psychology

- The field of psychology has opened different hypothesis from a variety of theories with the aim of studying the behaviour of humans being as a result they concluded with five psychological perspectives. Behaviourist, Biological, Psychodynamic, Cognitive and Humanistic perspectives are the deduction after a depth study of mental activity associate to human behaviour. In this essay I will be comparing two psychological perspectives according to aggressive behaviour. The Behaviourist and Psychodynamic perspective are based on experiences during childhood....   [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychology, Behaviorism]

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Gender And The American Psychological Association

- ... What I found was quite surprising. Maxim Women, seems to focus on women with power or influence through objectification of the female body. All the articles I had read about these powerful women talk about sex, lust, beauty (their appearances), etc. I couldn 't believe that almost every article focused on a woman 's appearance, but then again Maxim is a men 's international magazine. I believe to be a woman, according to Maxim, means to live up to the beauty standards set by advertisers. One article titled, 13 Beautiful Women Stretching starts off discussing the medical advantages of stretchings, then moves on to objectify the female models....   [tags: Gender, Male, Female, Sex]

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Justice Is A Psychological, Erotic Thriller

- ... Right now, the shooting scene feels too jarring and it abruptly changes the direction of the plot. The idea of the family being threatened definitely can work, but the antagonist/thug/killer has to be a stronger and a more consistent character. The idea of the threat should be used in the third act climax. Consider a climax in which the main storyline and the subplot come together – Fonchito frames Lucrecia and an intruder breaks into the home to make for a more intense climax. Also, the idea that Rigoberto is arrested, because he’s not willing to testify in court, feels questionable....   [tags: Human sexuality, Sexual intercourse]

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The Psychological Edge Of Mental Toughness

- ... Middleton (2004) Middleton et al. (2004), were among the first to challenge Jones et al’s 2002 definition on grounds that the definition didn’t succintly define the construct, but rather it explaned what a mentally tough individual is capcable of. In contrast to Jones et al., they defined mental toughness as “an unshakeable perserverance and conviction toward a commmon goal despite pressure or adversity” (p. 6). The researchers argue that their definition is a better representation of mental toughness because it encompasses a larger sample (33 participants), comprised of a greater variety of sports....   [tags: Definition, Extensional definition]

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Psychological Skills Training ( Pst )

- ... The conceptual/motivational stage helps athletes to reconceptualize their own reactions to stress in a way more conducive to change, given that lots of athletes have a misconception about their intractability towards coping with competition pressures (Boutcher & Rotella, 1987). Importantly the athletes learn how a pessimistic outlook and a tendency to be overanalytical can affect performance and how it 's imperative that these gradually change into more efficient ways of thinking and responding....   [tags: Anxiety, Psychology, Stress management, Learning]

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1114 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Psychological Perspective Of Harold Shipman

- ... After attending successfully attending rehab Shipman secured a job at the Donneybrook Medical Center. During this period Shipman poisoned his patients with large amount of painkillers (para. 5). Shipman’s coworkers noticed that his patients were passing away on a frequent basis (para. 7). Shortly after the coroner’s office and police conducted an investigation regarding this matter. The toxicology reports showed each victim having traces of morphine in their blood, yet according to medical records no victim was administered this drug (Kennedy, 2009, p....   [tags: Narcissistic personality disorder]

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Psychological Theories Of The Cognitive Triad

- ... This was the point when psychodynamic theorist Sigmund Freud came into the clinical picture. Sigmund Freud is considered the founder of the psychodynamic theory of psychology as well as psycho analysis. He is a very important figure head for this branch of psychology. Freud focused his entire attention to the mind. To explain his theory of psychology, he used an analogy of an iceberg. On the surface of the conscious part of our mind, including the thoughts that are the focus of our attention in the now, these are seen as the tip of the iceberg....   [tags: Psychology, Sigmund Freud, Mind, Psychodynamics]

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