There are several reasons why a father’s absence can be detrimental to the child su... ... middle of paper ... ... the effects that antisocial behavior of fathers have on their children’s own behavior and this can help them better understand the family unit and allows the lawmakers to make adjustments to the law regarding encouraging those on welfare to marry. By understanding the entire picture, the lawmakers are able to convince single parents to abide to laws that are made. What implications do these findings have for parenting practices? The findings can help better parents understand the reasons why their child is misbehaving and how to limit their chances of becoming severe cases. Also the results of this study questions the benefits and disadvantages to the institution of marriage.
Moreover, Erik Erikson who had articulated the eight stages of psychosocial development also proposed that adolescents have to resolve the “identity crisis” during the fifth stage, Identity versus Role Confusion, representing the adolescents’ struggle to find a balance between developing a unique, individual identity while still being accepted and fitting in others’ expectations (Gross, 1987). In the case, Meng is experiencing difficulties in meeting up the expectations from himself as well as his parents, and indulging himself in the game arcade that he would be feeling more lost and insecure. Whilst person-centered therapy is an approach that concerned with human development of the self, with the appreciation to individual uniqueness, this therapy would be useful in helping Meng to accept and be genuine with his real self. Integrating Basic Assumptions, Theoretical Concepts and Therapeutic Process & Techniques in Meng’s Case Underlying Problem (I): Self... ... middle of paper ... ...l self, as well as between his perceived self and the actual experiences, thus reacting defensively like fighting, staying away from school and home, which further distort his self-concept. Intervention Strategies that Focusing on Self-Concept & Incongruences Person-centered hypothesizes that client’s capacity to grow and self-actualize will be most facilitated and released when the therapist can create a psychological climate characterized by (a) a genuine acceptance of the client as a person of unconditional worth; (b) a continuing, sensitive attempt to understand the existing feelings and communications of the client, as they seem to the client, without any effort to diagnose or alter those feelings; and (c) a continuing attempt to convey something of this empathic understand to the client.
Many authors and movie directors have long used children characters and actors to portray these inevitable childhood developmental stages of emotional maturity, one of which is the disobedience stage. Sometimes the child's behavior in the story is obviously disobedient but sometimes you will have to analyze the book or movie to identify points of disobedience. I believe that children commonly disobey the 'words of wisdom' or lectures that they have heard over and over from their parents or caregivers. While children know that these words are for safety, with the high curiosity level during the third and fourth stages, they would often try to do something different to see what would happen. When children do that, that's perceived as disobeying.
Phobias, however, occur if the person sets the cause of the anxiety to a certain object, or situation, which they can more easily avoid than the actual source of anxiety. Panic disorders and agoraphobia are caused by separation anxiety, mainly separation from parents, early in life. This happens in children who were taught to intervene in separation from a parenting figure by throwing tantrums. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is seen as a fixation in the mind at the primary stage of psychosexual development. The fact that compulsive behavior rituals often involve cleanliness shows that there is mental fixation during a period of mastering unclean bowel movements.
During the adolescent stage of life, Hamlet and Rebel without a Cause show examples of how both Hamlet and Jim are being pulled in conflicting directions by two compelling desires. Both pieces help to give an understanding to the audience of the teenager under the dilemmas of self- conflict. Both pieces give evidence of goes in on the inside of the teenage brain as the teen feels a struggle with himself over a conflict, especially when the parents attempt to give help. Throughout the film and text, it can be seen that teens are harshly affected by the dilemmas of conflict, which is only amplified through the parents’ attempted guidance over the teenagers. The teenager has only some understanding of what it is like to be an adult because the teenager has only some understanding of what means to be an adult.
From a psychoanalytical perspective, readers can understand Holden’s behavior throughout the novel as a troubled teenager trying to avoid growing up and demonstrates reckless actions like consuming alcohol, immature relationships with women, not committing to school and silly fantasy thoughts to cope with his life. Holden’s childish actions demonstrate he cannot face the responsibilities of life. The novel is written in first person point of view to allow readers to observe Holden’s puzzled mind. The author J.D. Salinger has similarly troubling behavior that has occurred in his lifetime that is seen in Holden’s character.
Subsequent research has based measuring security and insecurity in a child from an early age using the Strange Situation Test. Other research has shown certain trends of difficult behaviour and how the child interacts with the caregiver actively. Bowlby’s theory was based on ideas from ethology and previous work, psychodynamic theory by Sigmund Freud, it was appropriate for the 1950’s after the 2nd World War when women were returning to household duties and motherhood as men returned to their employment after the war. He believed that a child should have interaction with one caregiver ‘monotropism’ and that separation from this person would trigger the ‘proximity promoting behaviours’ in the attachment structure. The caregiver arriving would cause the behaviours of, clinging, making noises and crying to discontinue.
Is often angry and resentful. Is often spiteful or vindictive. It is important to note that a counselor or therapist will consider a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder only if the behavior occurs more frequently than is typically observed in individuals of comparable age and developmental level. In other words, the problems and conflicts between teens and parents are as old as time itself, and some conflict is normal and inevitable. However, when the parent/child conflict becomes increasingly severe and appears to be spiraling out of control, then ODD might be considered.
The toddler then deals exhibits tantrums and disobedience. Also in this stage if the parent is too controlling or overbearing refusing to allow the child to develop independence the toddler will exhibit shame vs. autonomy. In this case the therapist can communicate on establishing limits and avoid dealing with tantrums, disrespect and or being overbearing as parents. Stage Three reflects preschool years (initiative vs. guilt). Here the child is more independent, energetic and learn social skills (positive or negative) and their roles.
When REBT is effective REBT is effective in various types of disturbances but the main focus is to dispute clients’ Irrational Beliefs (Corey, 2008). According to Jackson, Zahra, and Tian (2012) “Irrational beliefs are stable, illogical and at odds with reality whereas rational beliefs lack stability, are consistent.” (p.1). REBT is effective in reducing dysfunctional responses to situations. There is a preferred specific order in treatment starting with emotional problems first and then go on to address practical problems. There is a strong correlation between irrational beliefs and emotional disturbances such as anxiety and, depression and low self-esteem (Jackson, Zahra, & Tian, 2012).