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The Women of Homer’s Odyssey - The Women of Homer’s Odyssey     Homer’s Odyssey, by, is typically seen as a male dominated poem: the hero is male and the majority of the characters are male.  We follow the men on their attempt to return to Ithaca.  However, even though women are not the main characters, they are omnipresent through much of the story.  Women play a very important role in the movement of the story line: they all want to marry, help or hurt Odysseus.  During the course of his journey, Odysseus meets three different women who want him to be their husband: Circe, Calypso, Nausicca, and finally one woman who is his true wife: Penelope....   [tags: Homer The Odyssey Essays]
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1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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Threatening Women of Homer's Odyssey - The Threatening Women of Homer's Odyssey         Aristotle called this poem 'a story of character' which is very true, as the analysis of people in the Odyssey id detailed and they are carefully depicted. Though the women still remain a fairly mysterious force that test Odysseus' determination for 'nostos' (hero's return home), requiring the man whose words are "like snowflakes" to use every trick he has to evade their threat, his civility not allowing him to strike them. In the Underworld, Agamemnon made it very clear in his enlightened state (consider the wiser Achilles who now regrets his noble death - "rather work the soil as a serf...than be King of all these lifeless dead" 11.490), as one of the dead that women "are no longer to be trusted"....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody]
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1893 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Role of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey - The Role of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey Odysseus is a man. He is not a god, yet he seeks protection and assistance from the gods because he knows that it is necessary. The authority of the gods over Odysseus and the other characters in this ancient epic is obvious. Through out the story, we see example after example of the gods intervening in the life of Odysseus. The story opens with Odysseus living on the island of Kalypso. He is being held against his will. He partially submits to her, but will not become her husband....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]
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690 words
(2 pages)
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Powerful Women of Homer's Odyssey - The Powerful Women of Homer's Odyssey Homer's "Odyssey" depicts women as strong subjects-they are real substantive characters. Women in this poem are tough, strong-willed and are treated with the respect and seriousness they deserve. Homer characterizes the women in his poem as the real counterparts of men-they have real feelings, real plans and are able to accomplish them on their own. Some of the more impressive and intriguing women in the book are Nausicaa, Arete, Circe, Calypso, Penelope, Helen and Athena....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody] 512 words
(1.5 pages)
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Character of Athena in Homer's Odyssey - Character of Athena in Homer's Odyssey The "gray eyed" Athena is one of the most special characters in The Odyssey. First off, how many gray eyed people do you know. That makes her pretty special right there, adding to the fact that she is an Olympian goddess. As all goddesses are pictured, she has a thin figure (not skinny), great brown curling hair which flows from the head gently down to her slender waist, perfect toned peach (in Greek and Roman myths) skin, and, of course, the big blue shiny eyes which can mesmorize any mortal at first sight....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody] 573 words
(1.6 pages)
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Role of Penelope in Homer's Odyssey - The Role of Penelope in Homer's Odyssey The character of Penelope in Homer's Odyssey has served as an archetype of femininity proper. Her physical attributes, while comely by even the most demanding standards, are veiled. Her intellectual attributes are veiled too. She seems more often than not to wear a veil of tears (for her man) or a veil of silence (for her own wishes), or ineptitude (in her dealings with her son). She is certainly no Helen. She is not flaunting or whore-ish. She is not unconcerned with the needs of others, nor flippant about marital bonds, nor the loyalty of her heart....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 785 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Importance of Identity in Homer's Odyssey - The Importance of Identity in Homer's Odyssey Within the epic poem "The Odyssey", Homer presents the story of Odysseus's quest to find his home and his identity. According to Homer's account, with its origin in oral tradition, the two quests are interchangeable, as a mortal defines himself with his home, his geographic origin, his ancestors, his offspring, etc. But in addition to this Homer illustrates the other aspect of human identity, shaped by the individual and his actions so that he may be recognized in the outside world....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]
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1427 words
(4.1 pages)
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Epic Hero in Homer's The Odyssey - Epic Hero in Homer's The Odyssey With its larger-than-life plot twists, The Odyssey is a classic representation of an epic in literature. With that understood, it is no surprise that the main character of the story helps to define an epic hero. A character must express certain virtues to be considered such. Strength, courage, and nobility are almost prerequisites. Cleverness is an added bonus. Odysseus possesses many characteristics and virtues that make him a true representation of an epic hero....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Hero] 958 words
(2.7 pages)
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Penelope and Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey - Penelope and Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey Penelope and Odysseus, being kin spirits, soul mates, and a great husband and wife in their own right, are very much alike. They have many of the same qualities. Both Penelope and Odysseus are very quick thinking and cunning. Odysseus, for example, devises the plan to get the Cyclops to drink the wine so the crew could stab him in the eye. Another example of Odysseus' cunning is his elaborate plan to massacre the suitors. Odysseus orders that all the weapons be taken out of the room where the arrow contest was being held, then that the women of the household to be locked in their rooms, as to not interfere, then for the doors to be locked by his allies, then to shoot the arrow through the row of axes, then for Athena to turn him back into his normal form, then to have him, Telemachus and his allies systematically kill the suitors....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 489 words
(1.4 pages)
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Women in Homer's Odyssey - Women in the Odyssey       As Agamemnon tells Odysseus, “Let it be a warning even to you. Indulge a woman never, and never tell her all you know. Some things a man may tell, some he should cover up.” (P.199, Book XI) This is not a revelation for the wayward King. Odysseus treats all women he encounters with the same caution alluded to by Agamemnon when the shade tells him how his treacherous wife Clytemnestra acted in a way that defiled all women kind. Agamemnon is giving words to the concept of women that existed in Greek times, and still exists today although it is hopefully not expressed as much....   [tags: Odyssey Homer Essays Papers]
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1946 words
(5.6 pages)
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Women and Deception in Homer's Odyssey - Women and Deception in the Odyssey       As Agamemnon tells Odysseus, “Let it be a warning even to you. Indulge a woman never, and never tell her all you know. Some things a man may tell, some he should cover up” (Book XI  199).  This is not news to Odysseus, who treats all women with caution ever since he was betrayed by his wife Helen, who acted in a way that defiled all womankind. Agamemnon did not come to this realization all by himself, however; his statement represents the common sentiment that existed throughout all ancient Greece....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody]
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1974 words
(5.6 pages)
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A Response to 2001: A Space Odyssey - A Response to 2001: A Space Odyssey I love having the Blue Danube waltz in 2001; it's my favorite part of the movie. What I find most amusing about it is that it ties in so well with the smoothness of a space orbit. In the first space scene, anything that is free floating, like the pen or the ships themselves, is perfectly in balance with the music. Nothing in orbit is ever rushed, and at no time does it ever falter from its halcyon state of existence. The Blue Danube matches this perfectly, and it contrasts sharply with the forced human stellar endeavors that are also present....   [tags: 2001 Space Odyssey Essays] 1240 words
(3.5 pages)
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Calypso and Circe in Homer's Odyssey - Calypso and Circe The islands of Circe and Calypso in Homer’s Odyssey are places where Odysseus’ most challenging problems occur. In contrast to battles with men, Cyclops, or animals, sexual battles with women are sometimes much more difficult to win. These two female characters are especially enticing to Odysseus because they are goddesses. Though it is evident that Odysseus longs to return to Penelope in Ithaka, it sometimes appears that he has lost vision of what life was like with a wife, a son, and with thousands of people who regard him as King....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays Papers] 874 words
(2.5 pages)
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godody The Birth of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey - The Birth of the Gods in The Odyssey     Prehistoric man did not question his existence and reality - he just lived as one with nature. When prehistoric man awakened from this simple existence into the world of intelligence, he began to question his existence and reality. Homer’s The Odyssey demonstrated man’s attempt to cope with their own nature through the illusion of the gods, by using them to carry their burdens of hopelessness, helplessness, and fallibility.     The characters of Homer’s The Odyssey struggled with the ineffable reality of the world, therefore they created gods that could carry the burden of their hopeless quest for understanding....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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1558 words
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The Use of Symbols and Symbolism in Homer's Odyssey - The Use of Symbolism in Homer's Odyssey There are three signs in the Odyssey which are quite significant to the epic and are symbolic of different things. The first sign is the scar, the second sign is the bow and the third sign is the bed. "Note the importance of signs in the works of Homer, such as the sign of the burning ship in the Iliad. Then there is a long flashback telling how Odysseus got the scar and the significance of it. The scar is symbolically important, for it defines who he is -- and what he is....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 942 words
(2.7 pages)
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Jourody Journey of Life in Homer's Odyssey - Journey of Life in The Odyssey In the ultimate story of love and hate one man was torn between two lives as he watched the shores of the mighty world get swept away in a swift act of fate.  With only destiny on his side to return home, he pushed on and tried to leave the life he had lived for so long.  In order to achieve his destiny Odysseus had to first achieve loyalty, overcome temptation, and take revenge upon his enemies.  Plagued by constant attacks of self-doubt and reinforced by guile, Odysseus conquered what became to be known as a one of the greatest odyssey’s ever written....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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2541 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Gaining Power from Others in The Odyssey - Gaining Power from Others in The Odyssey Throughout The Odyssey, Odysseus’ power was gained through the power of others resulting in three phases of understanding: self-determination, courage, and having a greater vision in life. In order to understand these three phases, one must be able to conquer predominance from those less useful than others. Although Odysseus was physically strong, he was not who he was mentally, without the help and guidance through the gods. Odysseus was like one who has no friends, but when he meets up with more people, he becomes popular....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1880 words
(5.4 pages)
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Odysseus’ Search for Purpose in Homer's Odyssey - Odysseus’ Search for Purpose in The Odyssey      As a wayfarer in life, The Odyssey focuses on life’s greater purpose through the fulfillment of destiny, perseverance, and loyalty. These three themes recur continuously throughout Odysseus’ journey, molding life’s greater vision. Odysseus comes to understand his purpose in life by remaining true to these major themes as he faces and conquers each obstacle in his journey. The overarching theme of The Odyssey is the belief that man cannot escape the destiny which has been preordained for him by the gods....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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1418 words
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herody Little Heroism in Homer's Odyssey - Little Heroism in Homer's Odyssey      "Could I forget that kingly man, Odysseus?  There is no mortal half so wise; no mortal gave so much to the lords of the open sky." proclaims Zeus, the king of all gods in Homer's The Odyssey.  He, among countless others, harbors high regards for Odysseus, the mastermind of the Trojan War turned lost sailor.  However, the epic poem is sprinkled with the actions of gods and goddesses pushing Odysseus towards his path home to Ithaka, giving the mortal war hero little exposure to the limelight.  So when does all the high and mighty talk of Odysseus' power prove true?  Only in the absence of godly intervention can the title character live up to his name.  In Homer's The Odyssey, excessive reliance on the gods' assistance weakens the overall effect of Odysseus as the hero; while, as a break from the norm, Odysseus' single-handed defeat of the Kyklops Polyphêmos adds true suspense to the story as well as merit to Odysseus' character....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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1286 words
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herody The Imperfect Hero of Homer's Odyssey - The Imperfect Hero of The Odyssey      In literature, a bold character or hero is often the principle character. In the epic poem The Odyssey there are many immortals, but only one hero, Odysseus. The differences between the immortals and the hero are few. The god-like Odysseus is plagued with the human weaknesses of pettiness, self-doubt, and dependence on the pity of others. Odysseus reveals his pettiness when he amuses himself with humorous guile. Odysseus not only uses his cunning at the expense of his enemies, but he also uses his cunning and guile as a way of entertaining himself....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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1426 words
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The Importance of the Cloak in Homer’s Odyssey - The Importance of the Cloak in Homer’s Odyssey      Near the end of the fourteenth chapter of Homer's Odyssey, the main character, Odysseus, announces that he is about to tell a story to his swineherd, Eumaeus, and several other workers inside the swineherd's hut. Odysseus warns the men that his story is the result of his drinking with them, but the story is actually a test of his swineherd's character. Disguised as Castor's son, a rag-wearing beggar with no possessions, he tells the men a story about fighting alongside the man who, secretly, he really is....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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1345 words
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The Search For Self - A Critical Analysis Of The Odyssey - The afternoon was slowly fading into the evening and I had gone the whole day without the figure of my aspiration, my father. I impatiently paced the floor in front of the door like a stalking cat waiting to pounce on its prey. The thoughts of wrestling my father and hear those words of affirmation, “You got me. Mercy. I give up!” filled my head. My father was obviously faking it but there was something about his words that have such power over a young boys life. Mothers are sources of comfort and safety for a young boy but it is the father that defines the identity of a young boy, the father bestows manhood on the boy....   [tags: The Odyssey Homer] 1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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Telemakhos' Lesson on Perseverance in Homer's Odyssey - While in books I-IV of Homer's Odyssey, Telemakhos has learned that perseverance and asserting himself is important when becoming a hero and he still needs to learn about the importance of managing his temper. In these books, Telemakhos has learned about the importance of perseverance when becoming a hero. Perseverance is important to heroes because heroes have to keep going even when they are faced with challenges. Telemakhos learned about the importance of perseverance when he left on his journey to find his father....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey] 551 words
(1.6 pages)
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The Role of Women in Ancient Greece as Depicted in Homer’s The Odyssey - The Role of Women in Ancient Greece as Depicted in Homer’s The Odyssey Women as Citizens For this informative report I will attempt to point out the roles women and how they are viewed in ancient Greece. I will then show how these views are present in Homer’s "The Odyssey." How are women, goddess or mortal, conveyed in "The Odyssey?" "The Odyssey" was written around 700 BC during the Archaic period (750 – 550 BC). This was a time of great economical and social change in Greek history due to massive migration that led to the development of new city-states (called the polis) as well as laws to govern them....   [tags: Odyssey]
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905 words
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Aeneid vs. Odyssey - Aeneid vs. Odyssey Both the Odyssey and the Aeneid share some similarities as epics; both describe the trials of a heroic figure who is the ideal representative of a particular culture. There are even individual scenes in the Aeneid are borrowed from the Odyssey. Yet, why are Odysseus and Aeneas so unlike one another. The answer is that the authors lived in two different worlds, whose values and perceptions varied greatly of a fundamental level. To illustrate, two common ideas woven into the Odyssey are custom and recklessness....   [tags: Papers Compare Contrast Odyssey Aeneid Essays]
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2152 words
(6.1 pages)
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Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey - Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey When we look at Greek Mythology we often run into the gods of that era. Sometimes they are merely backdrops to the human element of the story but in stories such as The Odyssey the gods play a prominent if not vital role to the central themes of the story. Fate has a place in the Greek world but its place is not the same as it is in other scenarios or worlds. It is important to understand the word before we discuss it. Fate as far as Greek mythology goes is not just fate....   [tags: Homer Odyssey fatody] 1370 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Strong Character of Penelope in Homer's Odyssey - The Strong Character of Penelope in Homer's Odyssey   Homer's Odyssey is a story of the homecoming of Odysseus after the Trojan War.  Odysseus left his wife, Penelope, and their young son, Telemachos, almost twenty years before the telling of this story to fight in the Trojan War.  His absence places Penelope in a rather precarious position.  Faced with many different circumstances, both good and bad, Penelope is on her own to decide the path she wishes to take.  Depending on her decisions, the situations could either be filled with wonderful opportunities or perilous dangers....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]
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1930 words
(5.5 pages)
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Important Role of Prayer in Homer's Odyssey - The Important Role of Prayer in the Odyssey What is the importance of prayer or lack of prayer in the Odyssey. I think prayer and the lack thereof is very important in understanding this literary piece. In the beginning of the Odyssey prayer seems to be a pretty common thing, especially during the times of trouble. Telemakhos prayed numerous times that the gods would help him get rid of the suitors. While is prayer was not answered immediately, he was told what he had to do to find his father and get rid of the suitors....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 502 words
(1.4 pages)
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Voyage and Psychological Development in Homer's Odyssey - The Voyage and Psychological Development in Homer's Odyssey       Homer's Odyssey arguably stands out head and shoulders above any other piece of epic literature produced by Western civilization for nearly three millennia. Most remarkable is the extent to which the Western hero archetype is to this day still a result of the molding that occurred upon the character of Odysseus so long ago. In imagining a police lineup of the most profoundly influencing protagonists of Western epic poetry, surely Odysseus would impress in stature and roguish airs far beyond the others for is not the gray-eyed Athena, daughter of rain-bringing Zeus himself, bound in devotion to this mortal hero....   [tags: Odyssey Buy Essay Online]
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3286 words
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Free Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Hospitality - Hospitality in Homer's Odyssey Hospitality: Greek philoxenia; literally “love of strangers.” Homer might have had such a definition in mind when he introduced the theme of hospitality to his epic poem the Odyssey. A multitude of reasons for the prominent position this theme plays, both in the Odyssey and perhaps in Homer’s own society, are hinted at in the introductory books, often referred to as the Telemachy. Just two of these, namely the hunger for news and the belief in divinity, are illustrated by the words and actions of the hosts Telemakhos and Nestor....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 547 words
(1.6 pages)
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Powerful Women of Homer’s Odyssey - The Powerful Women of Homer’s Odyssey There is really no way to generalize the women in Homer’s Odyssey because they all have their own distinct traits that make each of them great, strong, and powerful women. A very powerful woman is Arete. She is as powerful as the king, Alcinous. Her daughter Nausicaa is an amazing woman, even though she is so young. She displays great intelligence in handling Odysseus. These women I speak of above are great women in a good sort of way but there are also some very bad women that still have some amazing qualities....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 1806 words
(5.2 pages)
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Free Essays: Symbols in Homer's Odyssey - The Symbolism of Homer's Odyssey Throughout Homer's The Odyssey, many tangible symbols are used to represent abstract ideas. Each symbol that Homer uses has two meanings. The double meanings of these symbols are used to represent Odysseus and Telemachus as they strive to meet each other. While each symbol has a meaning that represents the growth of Telemachus, each one also represents, by another meaning, the growth and development of Odysseus. When they meet for the first time, the symbols, and the character traits that they represent confluence, and the resemblance between Odysseus and Telemachus becomes complete....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 873 words
(2.5 pages)
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Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey - Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey     Fate seems to defy humanity at every turn.  A man may have his life planned out to the last second, but then some random force intervenes and he dies the second after he has completed his life plan.  Some believe in fate, believing that our lives are predetermined from the moment we are born.  Other people believe that everything is random, the result of some god rolling the dice in a universal poker game.  Still other people believe that each and every person is in total control of his or her destiny, every step of the way.  Who is to say which viewpoint is false?  Every culture has a unique perception of the role of fate in our lives, and no group has the "right answer," simply a different answer.  Taking into consideration the views of other cultures can help an individual refine his personal viewpoint on this inconceivable subject.  The ancient Greeks were mainly concerned with the relationship between fate and free will.  This concern weaves in and out of the culture's most highly regarded literary works, including one of the earliest and most well-known texts ever written - the Odyssey....   [tags: Homer Odyssey fatody]
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2296 words
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Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Foreshadowing the Homecoming - The Odyssey: Foreshadowing the Homecoming The majority of the Odyssey is an account of Odysseus’ adventures trying to reach his homeland of Ithaka. Several of these adventures are false homecomings, the most prominent of which is his imprisonment on Kalypso’s island. This false homecoming is strikingly different from what one would expect of Odysseus’ real homecoming, but similar enough for parallels to be drawn between the two. Homer uses this false homecoming to foreshadow Odysseus’ true homecoming....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 861 words
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Use of Disguise in Homer’s Odyssey - Use of Disguise in Homer’s Odyssey     The difference between a wise and a foolish decision is often found in discerning when to conceal and when to reveal. This discretion in concealing and revealing is a major theme within The Odyssey. There is a proper time to deceive and a proper time to tell the truth; thus, it is crucial that one act accordingly. This importance is exemplified in Odysseus' life. When he is discreet in his timing, he achieves his goal. One example of this is the Trojan War....   [tags: Homer Odyssey disgody]
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2140 words
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The Static Character in Homer’s Odyssey - The Static Character in Homer’s Odyssey The Odyssey, by Homer, translated by W.H.D. Rouse (between 900 and 700 BC.) is "The best story ever written" (7). This is a story about a man named Odysseus Laertiades who went off to war. After winning the war, he and his men were heading home when their ship got off track. They ended up in the land of the Cyclops. They were held captive by a god's, Poseidon Earthholder, son. Odysseus came up with a plan to get out of there which involved poking the Cyclops' eye out....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]
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1013 words
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Double Standard for Women of Homer's Odyssey - Double Standard for Women of the Odyssey      Odysseus plans to tiptoe back into his hall through various schemes, one of which is to become beneficial and amiable to the maidservants. With this motivation, he offers to guard the hearth so that the fire won’t dwindle, but the response he receives is more than unwelcoming. Melantho, a beneficiary of Penelope, spurns him saying:           You must be crazy, punch drunk, you old goat.           Instead of going out to find a smithy—or a tavern bench—you stay           putting your oar in, amid all our men....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody]
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1887 words
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Essay on Rationality in Homer’s Odyssey - The Importance of Rationality in Homer’s Odyssey In the epic poem, Odyssey, Homer provides examples of the consequences of impulsive and irrational thinking, and the rewards of planning and rationality. Impulsive actions prove to be very harmful to Odysseus. His decisions when he is escaping the cave of the Cyclops lead to almost all his troubles through his journey. As Odysseus flees the cave, he yells back "Cyclops - if any man on the face of the earth should ask you who blinded you, shamed you so - say Odysseus, raider of cities, he gouged out you eye." This enrages the giant, and he prays to Poseidon "grant that Odysseus, raider of cities, Laertes' son who makes his home in Ithaca, never reaches home....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 1065 words
(3 pages)
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Odysseus' Relationship with Telemachus in Homer's Odyssey - Odysseus' Relationship with Telemachus in Homer's Odyssey Throughout the last books of The Odyssey Homer tells us how Odysseus restores his relationships with his friends and relatives at Ithaca. Perhaps one of the most revealing of these restoration episodes is Odysseus' re-encounter with his son, Telemachus. This re-encounter serves three main purposes. First, it serves to portray Telemachus' likeness to his father in the virtues of prudence, humility, patience, and planning. Secondly, it is Odysseus' chance to teach his son to be as great a ruler as Odysseus himself is....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 927 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Telemachus - Telemakhos of The Odyssey Telemakhos, Odysseus's son, finally realizes that in order to preserve his estate he must fill in his father's shoes and grow up. Telemakhos not only needs to do this for himself, but for his father who is still alive. Telemakhos became a man his father would be proud of. Twenty years ago Odysseus left for Troy, leaving Telemakhos without a father figure since he was an infant. He grew up a mommy's boy not knowing his role in the kingdom because Odysseus was far away....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 448 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Hero’s Journey in Homer's The Odyssey -      The Hero’s Journey is never an easy one. This particular journey, as detailed in Homer’s The Odyssey, is one of struggle, loss, heartache, pain, growth and triumph. It is comprised of many steps that Odysseus has to overcome and battle through in order to achieve his final goal of reaching his home and his loved ones. From the Call to Adventure to the Freedom or Gift of living, Odysseus conquered them all. The story begins in the middle of the story, as many of the oral Greek traditions did, with the Journey of Telemachus to find his father....   [tags: Hero, Homer, Odyssey, Odysseus] 1885 words
(5.4 pages)
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Lust in Homer's The Odyssey and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata - Lust in Homer's The Odyssey and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata Lust is defined as an intense longing or a sexual desire. It is a common theme in literature; particularly in classic Greek literature. The reason it is so prevalent in literature is that is prevalent in our daily lives. Everyone lusts after something or someone. It is an interesting topic to examine closely, and classic literature is an excellent medium for such an investigation. Two works I have studied, in which lust is a theme, are an epic, Homer's The Odyssey, and a play, Aristophanes’ Lysistrata....   [tags: Odyssey Lysistrata Homer Aristophanes Essays] 1388 words
(4 pages)
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Important Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey - The Important Role of Women in Odyssey   For the Greeks, Homer's Odyssey was much more than just an entertaining tale of gods, monsters, and men, it served as cultural paradigm from which every important role and relationship could be defined.  This book, much more so than its counter part The Iliad, gives an eclectic view of the Achean's peacetime civilization.  Through Odyssey, we gain an understanding of what is proper or improper in relationships between father and son, god and mortal, servant and master, guest and host, and--importantly--man and woman.  Women play a vital role in the movement of this narrative.  Unlike in The Iliad, where they are chiefly prizes to be won, bereft of identity, the women of Odyssey are unique in their personality, intentions, and relationship towards men.  Yet, despite the fact that no two women in this epic are alike, each--through her vices or virtues-- helps to delineate the role of the ideal woman.  Below, we will show the importance of Circe, Calypso, Nausicaa, Clytaemestra, and Penelope in terms of the movement of the narrative and in defining social roles for the Ancient Greeks....   [tags: Odyssey essays Homer Women Feminism]
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1723 words
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Penelope, Clytaemestra, Athena, and Helen of Homer’s Odyssey - The Ideal Women of Homer’s Odyssey      Ancient Greek society treated women as secondary citizens. Restrictions were placed on the social and domestic actions of many aristocratic women in ancient Athens.  The women depicted in Homer's Odyssey, on the other hand, are the ideal.  Penelope, Clytaemestra, Athena, and Helen are all women with exceptional liberty and power.              Before comparing the women of the Odyssey to those of Athens, it is beneficial to take a look into the lives of the latter.  A respected woman was to have characteristics including obedience, virtue, refinement, productivity, honor, beauty, talent and intelligence (social consciousness).  Sarah B....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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Analysis of Penelope as Moral Agent in Homer’s Odyssey - An Analysis of Penelope as Moral Agent In her essay "Penelope as Moral Agent," Helene Foley attempts to discuss Penelope, a major character in Homer's the Odyssey, in terms of Classical Athenian portrayals of women and, as her title suggests, in terms of what she calls a "moral agent." In her introductory paragraph she lays out guidelines as set down by Aristotle and his contemporaries that constitute a moral agent: the character must make an ethical and moral decision "on which the actions turns...without critical knowledge of the circumstances" (Foley 93)....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Scylla and Charybdis - The Odyssey - Scylla and Charybdis One of the most difficult tasks as a parent is to teach your child lifes lessons. Many have tried, and many have failed. But over the ages most successful ideas have come in a form of story or tale. Aesops Fables, nursery rhymes, and other tales of caution are used even today to teach this common knowledge one must have. In the Greek civilization, thousands of years ago, many children were taught through these fun and interesting stories. The Odyssey is one of these tales....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1263 words
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Odysseus Cannot Return Home in Homer's Odyssey - Odysseus Cannot Return Home in Homer's Odyssey     Webster's College Dictionary defines home as: An environment offering security and happiness" and "a valued place regarded as refuge or place of origin." Anyone can build a house but the emotional security a home provides is created by the people who live there. In Homer's Odyssey, the Greek hero Odysseus leaves his home in Ithica to fight in the Trojan war. The Odyssey tells the story of his treacherous journey back to Ithica, and the turmoil he experiences....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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The Theme of Leadership Portrayed in The Odyssey and the Books of Samuel - Built-in qualities such as intelligence, good looks, height and so on are not necessary to become a good leader. Anyone can cultivate the proper leadership qualities. In order to excel in their leadership a good leader must possess qualities such as self awareness, courage, confidence, innovation, fairness, openness, and dedication among others. Odysseus in The Odyssey, and Samuel, Saul and David in the Books of Samuel, display these characters. However, at some occasions they fail to do so. That is to say, leaders, being it great or small, chosen by God or people, are not completely perfect....   [tags: the odyssey, bible]
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Buy Essay Online: Odyssey as a Moral Epic - Odyssey as a Moral Epic                 A large number of the works of ancient poetry and literature have been said to carry a moral undertone. Homer's 'Odyssey' is no exception. This essay explores the moral positions that the poem seems to adopt. Subsequently, it will show that while the 'Odyssey' is indeed a moral epic, the moral position of the main characters themselves, namely Odysseus and the Gods, can, at times, be questionable.               Loyalty is one moral value that is evident throughout the poem....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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herody Odysseus as Epic Hero of Homer's Odyssey - Odysseus as Epic Hero of Homer's Odyssey        Homer's epic poem The Odyssey is about Odysseus' ten-year journey home from the Trojan War and what Odysseus has to do when he returns.  The journey itself is quite a story.  Odysseus and his men come in contact with many obstacles that they must overcome and there are more hurdles to jump when Odysseus reaches his destination.  Odysseus is an epic hero who, besides showing superhuman characteristics in strength, bravery and cleverness, also proves himself through his emotions, leadership, and the corrections in his faults....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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godody Odysseus as Pawn of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey - Odysseus as Pawn of the Gods in The Odyssey    Throughout literature characters have relied upon entities greater then themselves to furnish them with aid as they meet the many challenges they must face. The Odyssey is a tale of Odysseus’ epic journey and the many obstacles that bar his return home. But Odysseus is not alone in this struggle and receives aid from many gods, especially the clear-eyed goddess Athena. There are times when Odysseus beseeches the gods for aid, but other times he is too foolhardy to receive aid from even the immortal gods....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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The Cunning and Deceitful Women of Homer’s Odyssey - The Cunning and Deceitful Women of Homer’s Odyssey One of the most famous works from the early Greek era is Homer’s Odyssey. It details the journey home of a war hero, Odysseus. His homecoming entails many adventures, each presented as a separate episode that he must overcome. Though the varied episodes differ in terms of characters and settings, most are based on similar patterns of plot and theme. The themes that are most emphasized are forgetfulness, a willingness to risk pain for pleasure, and female temptation....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1479 words
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Importance of the Telemachy in Developing Major Themes of Odyssey - The Importance of the Telemachy in Developing Major Themes of Odyssey       As we begin to read the Odyssey, one of the surprising facts is that we do not meet the famed hero until we are well into Book V, on Calypso's island of Ogygia. However, during these introductory four books, we learn of the situation in Ithaca, Odysseus' plight, some of the most important themes of the story and of course Odysseus' son Telemachus. Homer keeps us in suspense, building the reputation of Odysseus by the stories of Menelaus, Helen, Nestor and all Odysseus' friends in Ithaca....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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The Importance of a Sound Mind and Body in Homer's Odyssey - The Importance of a Sound Mind and Body in Homer's Odyssey       If one were to only have a very fit and strong body, lacking mental ability, to the Greeks it would not suffice. If a man were merely smart and intelligent, without much physical capability, the Greeks would feel that he is not complete. They believed an individual must have have both, a well developed mind and a fit body, not only one or the other, to be ideal. This is the Greek concept of a sound mind and body. In Homer's Odyssey, Odysseus and Telemachos, had to have and/or achieve a sound mind and body, to be the successful and outstanding characters of the epic....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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Free Essays: The Vivid Imagery of Homer's Odyssey - The Vivid Imagery of Homer's Odyssey In the epic the Odyssey by Homer (translated by Robert Fitzgerald) one of the most descriptive and best written passages in the entire epic is "The Slaying of the Suitors" (book 23 lines1-62). This is a good passage for many reasons, one of these is that it is a part of the story that has been built up and anticipated by all. Another is the vivid imagery used by Homer. There is one more reason, this being the tone of the passage....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1202 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Adolescence of Telemachus and Nausikaa - Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Adolescence of Telemachus and Nausikaa Homer's Odyssey introduces us to a wide variety of characters. Two of the younger characters are Telemachus, the son of Odysseus, and Nausikaa, the daughter of King Alkinoos. Both Telemachus and Nausikaa are approximately the same age, although the book is not specific about Nausikaa's age. More importantly, we know that they are both teenagers. Almost all adolescents must make a transition from childhood to young adult and in doing so they share two central traits, the wish for independence and rebelliousness, and Nausikaa and Telemachus are no exceptions....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 976 words
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Jourody Free Essay Importance of the Journey in Homer's Odyssey - Importance of the Journey in Homer's Odyssey In the Odyssey, by Homer, Odysseus's main goal was to reach home. Even though all of his thoughts were turned towards his home and family, he learned many lessons along the way. Odysseus's greatest learning experiences were in his journey, not his destination. One of Odysseus's biggest challenges was to resist temptation. The first temptation Odysseus and his men encountered was the sweet lotos plant, "They fell in, soon enough, with Lotos Eaters, who showed no will to do us harm, only offering the sweet Lotos to out friends..." (IX....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1057 words
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Free Essays: The Charater of Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey - The Charater of Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey The most admired classical hero is most certainly Odysseus, the mythological Grecian subject of Homer's epic tale, The Odyssey. This legendary figure displays excessive amounts of brains and muscle, seeming almost superhuman at times. He embodies the ideals Homeric Greeks aspired to: manly valor, loyalty, piety, and intelligence. The popularity of Odysseus transcends time. To this day he remains greatly admired as both a hero and an ordinary man who must deal with great adventures and retrieving the life he once had....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 2112 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Themes of Homecoming and Reunion - Theme of Homecoming and Reunion in Homer's Odyssey The theme of The Odyssey is one of homecoming and reunion with loved ones. Though the proem of the epic states that Odysseus' own purpose is simply the fight to save his own life and return his shipmates home safely, the gods of Olympus are the unknown captains of this journey. It is an epic story of the making of men, mainly Odysseus and Telemakhos. Homer methodically details the struggles set forth by the gods. The contests of Odysseus' wisdom, honor, piety and prudence....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 3126 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Penelope's Enduring Faithfulness - Penelope's Enduring Faithfulness in Homer's Odyssey Penelope, the wife of Odysseus, can be contrasted in various ways to the other characters in Homer's poem The Odyssey. In many ways, Penelope embodies the "ideal" woman, in that she conforms to the values and ideals of her society. These ideals include faithfulness, loyalty, willpower, long-suffering, pride in one's home and family, and hospitality to strangers. The majority of the other characters in the poem lack one or more of these attributes....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1445 words
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The Greek Song Culture with Reference to Odyssey - The Greek Song Culture with Reference to Odyssey The Homeric epic, Odyssey, begins with the invocation of the muse. The muses are the goddesses of total recall. Their name is “a reminder” since in earlier times, poets had to recall then recite events since the tales were not written down. The importance of memory and recognition is a central feature in Greek song culture. The film Chunhyang gives an insight to ancient Greek song culture. Although each of these stories is from a different culture, the themes and symbolism are the same and central in both cultures....   [tags: Homeric Epic Greek Literature Odyssey Essays]
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Buy Essay Online: Dishonest Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey - The Dishonest Odysseus of Odyssey    Once he returns to Ithaca, Odysseus displays dishonest behavior and does not once tell a person who he actually is when first meeting him. Odysseus hides his identity at first, whether by actively lying or passively not correcting their erroneous beliefs.  He tells Pallas Athena, first, that he is from Crete, had killed a man there, and had gotten a ride with some Phoenicians to Ithaca. He tells Eumaios that he grew up in Crete, went to Troy for the Trojan War, returned to Crete afterward and traveled to raid Egypt, where he was captured by Egyptians....   [tags: Odyssey essays]
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: The Metaphor of the Dawn - The Metaphor of the Dawn in The Odyssey Throughout Odysseus' journey, the metaphor of the dawn symbolizes his odyssey from immaturity, maturity, and fulfillment. The progression of Odysseus' development of strength is like the development of day, from dawn to dusk. The epithet, "rosy-fingered dawn" marks the beginning of Odysseus' odyssey. After his journey, the epithets "gold-throned dawn" and "bright-throned dawn" replace the "rosy-fingered dawn" however, after Odysseus returns home from his journey, he plans to rid his house of suitors, and the "rosy-fingered dawn" returns....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 836 words
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godody Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: The Gods - The Gods of the Odyssey Do the Gods in the Odyssey represent the Good and Evil sides of everyone, are they actually there to either help the person, or make their life worse.             In the Odyssey, the Gods seem to have a very huge part in the play.  However, are the Gods actually real?  Or are they just their sub-conscious telling everyone what to do.  However if that’s true, then how could Odysseus’s and his “sub-conscious” spend 7 years on an island thinking that he was somewhere else....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 726 words
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Free Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Penelope and Odysseus - Homer's Odyssey: Penelope and Odysseus Homer revealed the characters' inner thoughts to add to the suspense that builds up in books 19 and 20 of The Odyssey. Some question whether Odysseus was recognized by Penelope and if this helped to build up the intensity of the story. Joseph Russo mentioned this topic in "Interview and Aftermath: Dream, Fantasy and Intuition in Odyssey 19 & 20." The lies told by Odysseus also increased the excitement of The Odyssey. Russo believed that Penelope, in her subconscious, did recognize Odysseus disguised as a beggar....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 529 words
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Minor Characters which Shift the Plot of Odyssey by Homer - In the epic The Odyssey by Homer, minor characters play a considerable role in the development of the plot. One may often think that a few major characters propel a story’s plot, but in The Odyssey a few minor characters have the ability to change the story completely. These characters may not initially appear to have a profound effect on the story, but with a single action or statement these characters have the ability to shift one’s focus entirely. Minor characters add a key element to the story that a main character cannot....   [tags: Characters, Odyssey, Homer] 563 words
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Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey - Guidance and Loyalty - Guidance, Fate, and Loyalty in The Odyssey The Odyssey is an epic poem about a journey. After the Trojan War is won Odysseus leaves Troy for his home in Ithaca. However, the gods decide to test his courage and resolve and send him on a twenty-year odyssey. Odysseus' courage is constantly tested as he struggles with the many obstacles the gods place before him. Although Homer depicted The Odyssey as a self-reliant journey, in reality the gods and other mortals guide Odysseus. It is his loyalty to and his love for his family that keeps him going....   [tags: Homer Odyssey fatody] 1356 words
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Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey - Self-Determination - Self-Determination in The Odyssey Self-determination is a strong characteristic that Odysseus portrays in The Odyssey. The three traits that Odysseus portrays as evidence of his self-determination are: endurance, perseverance, and courage. Odysseus, like most humans, has his doubts of confidence, but seems to overcome them. Odysseus sometimes doubts his courage and passion for living. He shows this as he asks, "but Circe, who will be my pilot on this journey?"(100). Here, Odysseus questions his ability to lead his crew onward....   [tags: Homer Odyssey fatody] 840 words
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Free Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Order vs. Chaos - Order vs. Chaos in The Odyssey In The Odyssey, Homer portrays the reoccurring theme of order versus chaos. This theme is particularly evident within the first twelve books of The Odyssey. Homer shows the importance of instilling order where there is chaos or confusion. To eliominate chaos and regain order, a strong hero is needed along with the intelligence to find a solution to the problem. In the first twelve books of The Odyssey Homer shows the need for a cunning hero in order to restore peace where there is chaos through the suitors, the storm off the coast of Scheria, the Kyklopes, and Scylla and Charybdis....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 819 words
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godody Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Importance of the Gods - Importance of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey In Ancient Greek Culture, there were countless gods. They ranged from all mighty Zeus, king of the gods, to Eris, Goddess of discord, and Dionysos God of wine and revelry. Some Gods and Goddesses, like Zeus and Athena, favored Odysseus and Telemachius, helping them on their journey. While others, like Poseidon, gave them serious trouble along the way. The causes of some of these feelings towards the protagonist may be clear, but others aren't so clear....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 395 words
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godody Free Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Role of the Gods - Role of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey In "The Odyssey", the gods generally bring about mixed emotions. The humans in the poem are fearful of the gods because of their great power and influence in their lives-if they wanted you to fail, you would. They are like the puppet-masters of the world, they control what happens to each and every person. But, this can also come in handy when you are on the good side of the gods. If you were a favorite of a god, like Odysseus, you had the gods by your side, willing to help you whenever you have problems....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 440 words
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Search for Immortality Depicted in The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Odyssey - ... This is presented beginning on line 236 of Book V where Odysseus openly admits that Penelope cannot compare in beauty or stature, but he still pines for her. Also going along with this concept, is Odysseus’ sheer determination to make it back home. After all of the trials of his journey, he realizes that to give up at this point, would make his whole journey futile. It would not only make the trip futile but almost disrespectful to all of the crew he had lost on the journey. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh also turns down the prospect of immortality from a goddess (Ishtar, in this case), however, he does this under different circumstances....   [tags: Epic of Gilgamesh, The Odyssey]
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herody Essay on Homer's Odyssey: A Hero Defined - A Hero Defined in Homer's Odyssey What makes a hero. To be known as a hero takes a lot, but what is a true hero. Well, it depends on whom you ask. To some, a hero might just be a person who is courageous and brave, to others a hero might be a person that is a strong warrior and leader who wins battles; however, to some to others, a hero might be a person who uses his brain just as much as a warrior uses his sword. Odysseus, in Homer's epic, "The Odyssey", embodies the ideal human qualities that Homer's Greek society mostly admired....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 573 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Book 5 - Odyssey Book 5 The beginning of the Odyssey portrays the chaos in Ithaca and the uncertainty and turmoil of Odysseus family as they have longingly awaited his return. Book 5 finally introduces Odysseus and his captor Calypso. The beginning of the novel illustrates how Odysseus is torn between the charm and will of Calypso and the love and loyalty to the family he has left behind. Calypso is described as beautiful; her island as a virtual Eden and her home a magnificent palace that awes even the gods themselves....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 859 words
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Essay on Homer's Odyssey: Exploring Our Social Roots - The Odyssey: Exploring Our Social Roots          In modern western society we are a people taught from very young that good manners and strong morality are necessity.    The idea that the good will prosper and the bad will get what they deserve is widely accepted and applauded.  However, these ideas about the social rules of "modern civil man" are not so novel.  This same system of social behavior and belief is exhibited throughout the epic poem, The Odyssey.  In this epic we find the roots of our contemporary social actions and convictions importantly displayed....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]
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godody Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Influence of Gods - Influence of Gods in the Odyssey The almighty, powerful, feared beings in Greek mythology are the gods. They have many powers and the ability to take the life of anyone in an instant. But many of them also have another side. What many people don't know is that they are not all horrible creatures. Many times, gods help and even befriend the mortals. Many of the gods, like Ino who saved Odysseus, Hermes who aided Odysseus, and Athena who assisted Odysseus, are a positive interferences in Homer's epic, The Odyssey....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 625 words
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Calypso and Circe, Important Women of Homer's Odyssey - Calypso and Circe, Important Women of Homer's Odyssey Of all the themes in the Odyssey, the one that seems to stand out is Odysseus's struggle to return home. There are many reasons why his journey is deterred, the most obvious being the women he encounters. Of the women, their are two that truly represent "the different aspects of creative and destructive feminiinty." (Taylor, 571) Calypso is a woman who carries the "true appeal" of a woman, beauty. She offers Odysseus eternal life, and an end to physical suffering....   [tags: Homer Odyssey womody] 430 words
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Odysseus as a Lonely Traveler - Odysseus as a Lonely Traveler in Odyssey In Homer's Odyssey, Odysseus represents a traveler in life who is destined to make this journey alone, despite those who aid him, oppose him, or in some way interfered with his destiny. Gods and immortals alike aid him when it suits them, or fromsome feeling they have for him. Some gods and immortals also made Odysseuis's journey as difficult as possible. Some also switched loyalties and arn't very reliable. The Odyssey shows that even though some believe people can make it through life "goin at it alone," eventually people need the help of others....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 800 words
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The Impact of Ancient Religion on Homer’s Odyssey - The Impact of Ancient Religion on Homer’s Odyssey   There has long been a fashion among critics and historians, including Sir James Frazier and Graham Hancock, to insist upon taking the account of Odysseus' voyage to Hades in Book XI of the Odyssey at near face-value as a description of people and places familiar to a Greek audience of Homer's day. Both linguistics and comparative history have been employed to discover exactly how accurately this originally oral epic conveys this gritty realism....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays]
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Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey: Book XIX - The Odyssey Book XIX In Book XIX of Homer's The Odyssey, Odysseus, posing as a poor beggar, has a discussion with Penelope regarding Odysseus himself, and how the "two" met. Readers may question why Penelope does not recognize her own husband. Later on, one sees that at least Eurycleia distinguishes Odysseus. Penelope reveals a dream she has had to Odysseus, asking for an explanation. This Book of The Odyssey brings forth an envisage regarding the death of the suitors that is soon to come....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays] 760 words
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