Preview
Preview

The Impact of Cholera in Zambia, Africa Essay

:: 6 Works Cited
Length: 1606 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document




- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The Impact of Cholera in Zambia, Africa
Many people in advanced industrialized nations are often unaware of infectious diseases that plague underdeveloped countries. This is primarily due to factors that are so often taken for granted like having proper sanitation, adequately treated water, properly prepared food, easy access to medical care, and economic viability. The sad truth is that many of these infectious diseases could easily be prevented if the countries where they run most rampant had only a few of the factors mentioned above. The concentration of this paper will be to focus on one such disease named Cholera and its impact on the country of Zambia, Africa.
In order to adequately discuss Cholera's impact on Zambia, Africa I will be providing an overview of the disease, discussing it's etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, and finally its prevention and treatment.
Disease Overview
Cholera is still an extremely significant disease worldwide with over 5 million cases being reported per year (Ruiting & Reeves, 2002). Cholera is a diarrheal illness that progresses rapidly and is contracted by ingesting the bacterium Vibrio cholerae which causes an intestinal infection (CDC, 2013). In many cases the illness is mild with hardly any symptoms at all, but in some cases it can become severe. Approximately 5 percent of people who are infected exhibit severe symptoms such as extreme watery diarrhea, leg cramps, and vomiting (CDC, 2013). These symptoms usually occur at a rapid pace and unless treated can further lead to dehydration and shock which can ultimately cause death within hours. It is estimated that over 100,000 deaths occur each year around the world due to Cholera. (CDC, 2013)
Cholera is thought by exper...


... middle of paper ...


... edition. Cholera, Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139, and Other Pathogenic Vibrios. Chapter 24. [Classis Bookshelf version]. Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8407/
Ruiting, L. & Reeves, P.R. (2002). Pandemic Spread of Cholera: Genetic Diversity and Relationships within the Seventh Pandemic Clone of Vibrio cholerae Determined by Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, (40), 172- 181. Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://jcm.asm.org/content/40/1/172.long
United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). (2010). Disaster Management in Zambia: Unicef's role. Retrieved March 24, 2014, from http://www.unicef.org/zambia/cross_cutting.html
World Health Organization (WHO). (2014). Cholera fact sheet. Retrieved March 24, 2014, from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs107/en/



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
The Impact of International Relations between China and Zambia Essay - The history of Zambia includes a long and distressing journey, filled with disputing political practices over a newly independent government, economic troubles, and disease (Zambia Profile 2011). Despite these troubles, Zambia currently has an abundant variety of natural resources which provides hope for a country suffering from these despairs. Located centrally within Southern Africa, surrounded by Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Namibia, one would not think of Zambia as a top exporter of copper (considering most trades occur on the coast), along with an important investment for Chinese geopolitical conquests....   [tags: International Government ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1833 words
(5.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Cholera - Cholera is caused by the bacteria Vibrio Cholerae (V. Cholerae). (1) The bacteria enter the human small intestines-often through contaminated water, and releases toxins that attack the cells lining the gastrointestinal tract (1). In response, chloride channels open, and water diffuses out of the cells causing loss of excessive fluid. This is followed by vomiting and excessive dehydration, often leading to death. A Global survey carried out by the World Health Organization (2) reported approximately 190130 cases of cholera in 2008 and 160 801 of these cases were reported in African region, were epidemics have become more widespread and frequent....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Vibrio Cholerae] 1154 words
(3.3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
History and Global Impact Vibrio Cholerae and Cholera Essays - Vibrio Cholerae and Cholera - The History and Global Impact Abstract Cholera is a diarrhea disease caused by the bacteria, Vibrio Cholera. For centuries, cholera has terrorized the world. There have been seven pandemics since 1817 and many lives have been lost. Even to this day, cholera runs rampant in many areas of the world. The impact cholera has had on the world is enormous. Cholera has caused immense amount of human suffering and economic/social loss since its beginning. But, as time goes on, discoveries are made and ideas are created on treatments that save many lives and some places are now cholera free....   [tags: Diarrhea Bacteria Disease]
:: 2 Works Cited
1884 words
(5.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The First Cholera Outbreak Essay - Cholera conquered nineteenth century Europe like a new air to a throne. The first outbreaks of the disease appeared to have begun in India which spread smoothly into Britain by trade through Britain’s Indian based empire. Cholera is identified by rapid liquid diarrhea, vomiting, and accelerated dehydration due to depletion of bodily liquids and salts causing blood to coagulate and skin to turn blue. This leads to a fall in blood pressure, otherwise known as the “sinking stage”, which is accompanied by muscle cramping, sunken cheeks and eyes....   [tags: india, cholera epidemics, governments]
:: 2 Works Cited
1464 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Human Rights in Africa Essay - ... They also used intemperate forces against detainees. There was also suspected case of executions that are not legally authorized by police such as seven men was shackled and shot in the head in cacuaco municipality. The second example of article violations also happened in Angola. On 3rd of October 2013, Laranjinha Francisco got arrested by few police officers who beat him during arrest before they take him to the 17th Police station. Witnesses told that police beat him at the station. At first, the family of Laranjinha Francisco was told that he was moved to the Police Command of Cazenga....   [tags: angola, nalawi,zambia] 1859 words
(5.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Vibrio cholerae, the Human Immune System, and Vaccines Essay - Vibrio cholerae, the Human Immune System, and Vaccines Cholera remains a drastically severe disease, killing hundreds of people each outbreak. When ingested, it attaches to the mucosal lining of the intestines and disrupts the normal flow of ions so that there is more sodium, chloride, and water in the intestinal lumen than normal and results in massive diarrhea. Cholera has made a global impact and been endemic in almost all parts of the world. Cholera control strongly emphasizes sanitation, clean drinking water, isolation, and careful food preparation....   [tags: Cholera]
:: 5 Works Cited
1605 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Malaria in Zambia Essay - Handing the underweight two-year old back to her mother, the clinic nurse turned to the battered register and wrote: malaria. When they arrived at Lusuntha clinic on the eastern border of Zambia earlier that morning, the mother explained that the child had spent three days suffering from diarrhea. Lethargic and miserable, she looked like she was on the verge of tears but her body, so extremely dehydrated, probably didn’t have any left. The nurse turned to me and asked me to hand her a regimen of Coartem – the World Health Organization’s “Essential Medicine” used to treat malaria....   [tags: Test, Treatment, Nursing] 910 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Poverty Situation in Zambia - From being one of the most prosperous countries in sub Sahara Africa, Zambia has experienced a sharp decline, a crush, of its economy, which has had a great adverse impact on the quality of 10 million people. The decline started with the rising oil prices of the mid 1970's, which coincided with the drop in world copper prices being the mainstay of Zambian economy. The droughts which were experienced in the early 1980s have persisted into the 1990's and their impact has contributed to the decline in agriculture production....   [tags: Essays on Poverty] 2602 words
(7.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay South Africa - South Africa is a nation with a wonderful and varied culture. This country has been called “The Rainbow Nation”, a name that reflects the diversity of such amazing place. The different ethnic and cultural groups of the South Africa do, however, appreciate their own beliefs and customs. Many of these traditions, besides African culture, are influenced by European and Western heritage. The complex and diverse population of the country has made a strong impact to the various cultures. There are forty-five million people; about thirty million are black, five million white, three million coloured and one million Indians....   [tags: Africa] 990 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Cholera Essay examples - Cholera The disease, cholera, is an infection of the intestines, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. As stated in Microbes and Infections of the Gut, the bacterium is “a Gram-negative, comma- shaped, highly motile organism with a single terminal flagellum” (105). Cholera is characterized by the most significant symptom that presents with the disease, diarrhea, and victims can lose up to twenty liters of body fluids in a day. Cholera can be a serious disease, due to the serious dehydration that can occur, but it is only fatal if treatment is not administered as soon as possible....   [tags: Vibrio cholerae Infection Disease]
:: 8 Works Cited
2427 words
(6.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]