Preview
Preview

Cultural Differences and Cognition Explaining Human Behavior Essay

:: 7 Works Cited
Length: 1633 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

In another case, Na et al. (2013) conducted a study to test whether individuals would favor those who reasoned in a culturally representative way over those who did not. They found interesting results between Koreans and Americans. The first study demonstrated that in Korea holistic thinkers were favored more compared to Americans who favored analytical thinkers. In the second study, they found that Koreans preferred to seek advice regarding their social problems from those who held a holistic perspective and considered them to be wiser, while Americans sought advice from analytical thinkers because they considered them to think more rationally. Their findings suggested that Easterners placed more value on wisdom whereas Westerners placed more emphasis on rational.
Causal Reasoning
In Choi et al. (1999) article titled Causal attribution across cultures: Variation and universality they suggest that East Asians are less likely than Americans to attribute the cause of behavior due to personal traits, dispositions and or internal attributes of the object. First they examined how individuals described themselves and others as a premise to suggest what predicts causal behavior. For example, they found that Easterners were more likely to explain behavior from a situational point a view giving detail to external factors imposed on the individual, such as situations, roles, and contextual information. Westerns on the other hand are more prone to explain behavior from a dispositional perspective, emphasizing on internal and enduring qualities such as personality and temperament. In their first study they found that in the absence of situational information, both Koreans and Americans endorsed dispositions equally. An example given to...


... middle of paper ...


...ical Bulletin, 125(1), 47-63.
Hong, Y., Morris, M. W., Chiu, C., & Benet-Martínez, V. (2000). Multicultural minds: A dynamic constructivist approach to culture and cognition. American Psychologist, 55(7), 709-720. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.7.709
Morris, M. W., & Peng, K. ( 1994). Culture and cause: American and Chinese attributions for social and physical events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 949– 971.13–2820. doi: 10.1002/hbm.20707
Na, J., Choi, I., & Sul, S. (2013). I Like You Because You Think in the 'Right' Way: Culture and Ideal Thinking. Social Cognition, 31(3), 390-404. doi:10.1521/soco.2013.31.3.390
Nisbett, R. E. (2003). The geography of thought: Why we think the way we do. New York: Free Press.
Nisbett RE, Peng K, Choi I, Norenzayan A (2001) Culture and system of thought: holistic versus analytic cognition. Psychol Rev 108:291–310



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Nonverbal Communication and Cultural Differences Essay - Nonverbal communication has always played an important role in the entire communication process. It may include gestures, kinesics, haptics and other means, which a person incorporates into the communication process. These acts make the communication process more effective and meaningful. However, nonverbal communication is highly influenced by cultural differences as the context of the culture defines how the message is interpreted. This essay will analyse several types of nonverbal communication such as proxemics, haptics, kinesics, semiotics and paralinguistic....   [tags: Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Communication]
:: 12 Works Cited
1651 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Impact of Cultural Differences on International Students Essay - Globalization is an unavoidable trend in today’s age. People nowadays have more and more chances to interact with the whole world. Students study abroad to gain more advanced knowledge. Travelers travel all of the world to enrich their experiences. And even a small company starts to consider how to deal with international trade. More interactions happening mean more information exchanges. More information exchanges bring the result that more knowledge and wisdom are shared. As more and more knowledge and wisdom are shared, humans are walking forward together....   [tags: Cultural Differences Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1074 words
(3.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Importance of Understanding Cultural Differences in International Business Communications - Due to globalization, organizations rely on international transactions to take place to keep their business running. Even with knowledge of how important international interactions are for their companies’ success, miscommunication occurs and someone involved in the transaction is left scratching his or her head. This is a result of the lack of cultural training and understanding. This paper will discuss the different implications that have been discussed in the international business world. This paper will address some of the common barriers in international business communications, the steps that have been taken to alleviate these problems, and future consideration for international busin...   [tags: international business, cultural diferences]
:: 6 Works Cited
958 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Cultural Differences and Intercultural Communication Challenges Essay - ... These misconceptions and misrepresentations were the driving force that made me want to interview this gentleman for my cultural comparison report. As I approached my interviewee I explained to him my assignment and asked if he would be willing to answer a couple question about his culture. He eagerly agreed and seemed very happy that someone was generally interested in understanding his life. My cultural experience started almost immediately. When conversing with David in public the stigma was almost unbearable....   [tags: cultural identity, cultural history]
:: 4 Works Cited
1777 words
(5.1 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Cultural Differences in Communication - The term “culture” refers to the complex accumulation of knowledge, folklore, language, rules, rituals, habits, lifestyles, attitudes, beliefs, and customs that link and provide a general identity to a group of people. Cultures take a long time to develop. There are many things that establish identity give meaning to life, define what one becomes, and how one should behave. Distribution and exercise of power shape attitudes towards authority. How people sustain themselves economically, and how they manage to obtain the necessities of life, determines assigned roles of individuals and the relationships among them....   [tags: Cross Cultural Communication]
:: 5 Works Cited
1414 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay Reflection on Cultural Values and Women - For centuries, nations have challenged one another for the reputation of cultural differences and religious identity. These quarrels are the foundation of rivalry that afflicts our world. Many of these argumentative civilizations foster the concept of confining and deprecating their women with a solitary objective to use them as an instrument for reproduction. In religions resembling Islam, women are subjected to societal restrictions, while women in the US have the same or similar rights as men....   [tags: Cultural Differences, Religious Identity]
:: 2 Works Cited
1239 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Cultural Differences Between Product Designers and Users Essay - Economic globalization is providing a greater diversification among user groups. Therefore, an account of cultural differences between product designers and user groups must be completed. This article by Pia Honold focuses primarily on geographic expansion of product applications. The main purpose of this article is to consider whether there is a weakening of the bond between the users of German products that are used outside Germany, and determine which cultural factors should be considered at the design stage....   [tags: cultural diversity, economic globalization] 528 words
(1.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on Cultural Communities - Rogoff (2003) argues that human are biologically cultural: “people develop as participants in cultural communities. Their development can be understood only in light of the cultural practices and circumstances of their communities- which also changes” (p. 3-4). According to Gonzalez- Mena (2003) understanding cultural differences can be confusing and no one can possibly know all about the culture of every family who might come into early childhood centres so does that allows the educators to throw their hand and give up....   [tags: Sociology, Cultural Differences] 1842 words
(5.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Impact of Cultural Differences on EuroDisney Essay - Impact of Cultural Differences on EuroDisney Until 1992, the Walt Disney Company had experienced nothing short of success in the theme park business. Having successfully opened parks in California, Florida and Tokyo, it only seemed logical to open one in Europe. When word of this got out, officials from many European countries offered Disney pleas and cash indictments to work the Disney magic in their hometown. In the end only one city was chosen and it was Paris, France. That was the first of many decisions that led to a very unsuccessful opening of EuroDisney....   [tags: International Business Walt Disney Essays] 1971 words
(5.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Situated Cognition Essay - Situated Cognition Learning and Knowledge Relates to Situated Cognition "Learning and knowing are integrally and inherently situated in the everyday world of human activity" (Wilson, 1993, p.71). Learning is situated in the context in which it is taught. In other words, the context in which something is learned is very important. The activity in which the learner is engaged in at the time of learning is also important (Griffin and Griffin, 1996, p.293). If the goal of a learner is to solve day-to-day life experiences, they must engage in such opportunities....   [tags: Learning Cognition Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
1084 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]