Indian man called Bodhidharma in around 520 CE. Bodhidharma, according to
tradition, was a man so epic that he removed his own eyelids in order to win a
staring contest with a rock wall (from his severed eyelids sprang tealeaves, and thus,
the connection between Zen Buddhism and tea-drinking). The main teaching of Zen
is that of zazen, or seated meditation, and that only through meditation and action,
rather than cogitation, can one achieve enlightenment (Elwood, 127-132).
There are two main sects of Zen Buddhism: Rinzai and Soto. Rinzai is the older
of the two schools, and was introduced to Japan by Eisai, a Tendai monk who
traveled to China and was disappointed to see that the Tiantai temple had fallen into
shambles. Soto Zen was brought to Japan by Dogen, the illegitimate son of two
aristocratic parents. Dogen was also a Tendai monk who became disillusioned with
the faith, so he turned instead to the teachings of Eisai. After realizing that he
wasn't fond of the emphasis Eisai placed on koans—Zen anti-riddles, meant to
propel one into enlightenment—he moved on to Caodong monasteries, where he
found himself to be quite impressed with the Caodong way of thinking. Upon
hearing the Zen master berating a novice for falling asleep while meditating, Dogen
became enlightened and returned to Japan to write a book and start his own temple
Both Rinzai and Soto Zen Buddhism emphasize the importance of meditation in
reaching satori, or enlightenment, over logic and careful consideration. This theory
of doing to learn, rather than learning to do is presented by Hori when he discusses
the responsibilities of incoming officers in Rinzai monasteries-...
... middle of paper ...
...eparate from the time spent sitting zazen. This differs from Rinzai in that Rinzai
monks are meant to spend much of their zazen time repeating their koans in their
heads, waiting for the answer to come to them (Fischer 6).
Remembering that most of a monk's monastic life is meant to be conducive to
practicing Zen, it is safe to say that every waking moment of a Rinzai practitioner's
day should be spent in repetition of his given koan. Because of this one small thing,
this koan, it would seem that the lives of Rinzai monks and Soto monks, despite their
many outward similarities, are, in essence, completely different from each other.
Rinzai monks seek a bright flare of enlightenment, so that they may further
themselves on the path to nirvana, while Soto monks quietly live their lives and wait
for enlightenment to come to them, perhaps while raking some rocks.
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