The Youth Gang Social Control Program

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In the present module’s case, each author focused on their own policy (often very innovative for their period of time) program on how to combat gangs. For instance, the police gang unit (Decker, 2007), POP (Braga, 2008), or “The Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) […] a gang- and delinquency-prevention program delivered by law enforcement officers within a school setting.” (Esbensen et al., 2011); “a youth gang social control program in Little Village […] community -wide approach to gang prevention, intervention and suppression at five cites throughout the country.” ( Spergel et al., 2006); various programs and methods, virying from the prevention till suppression ( p.136) on how the society responded to gang problem and the gangs responses to the society efforts, were studied in the research of Klein (1995); Fleisher and Decker (2006) presente the overview of the prison gangs and their corelation with the street gangs (p.151); while Olson and Dooley (2006) examined the influence of gang membership on adult parolee recidivism in Illinois, as a part of the 2000 Illinois Probation Outcome study.” ( p.195) “Each of these studies documents the finding that being in a gang increases the level of criminal and delinquent involvement.” (Decker, 2007) Including the general increase in violence and recidivism, and in particular, in the case of the specifics studies, for example, the increase in “urban gun violence problems” which, provokes “an increase in the number of homicides.” (Braga, 2008); “a dramatic increase in firearms violence”. (Blumstein, 1995). But overall, all of them spoke in one voice, trying to find a solution to stop the gang spread and the ‘effect of gangs’ going popular around the country. Almost a... ... middle of paper ... ...ogram at the micro level (community, and members) or if we would wish to program to be extended at the several gangs communities, or if the gang has its branches, and the branches and the program will also be adressed to these branch, than the correct level of explanation will be the macro level. Conclusion: until these fundamental points are not answered and the correct level of explanation is not addressed, and all the other questions I 've mentioned not answered, it seems that the methodology won 't be constructed and the program won 't be addressed correctly, until this time we will continue to see the negatives results or the abandon of the program , like in case of the “LA model” (Klein, 1995). Or even more “ In the absence of such knowledge, reform programs […] have inadvertently increased gang cohesiveness and gang-related crimes. “ (Klein, 1995, p, 137).
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