The Wretched Of The Earth By Frantz Fanon Essay

The Wretched Of The Earth By Frantz Fanon Essay

Length: 978 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Divide and conquer, a technique used by European countries to take land and start to make it their own. These European countries thought it was virtuous to have these Native people, whose land was just taken from them, learn western ways. In today’s terms, this is called colonization, and in Fanon, Frantz’s novel, The Wretched of the Earth (1961), he described colonialism and the different aspects to promote decolonization. Frantz Fanon, who was born in Martinique, came from a lower class family and received a colonial education. He described the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation in a Marxist framework. The Wretched of the Earth conveys the idea of decolonization, which is the act of removing colonizing in numerous ways. His points are interesting as they apply local relationships, not specific historical events such as successful achievements and failures in colonized nations. Fanon focuses on the ideas of violence, class, and political organization in the progression or the path of decolonization, specifically the mindset of the colonized Algerians from the French.
Decolonization, in Fanon’s mind, is always violent and believes it must happen in order to decolonize. “For the last can be the first only after a murderous arid decisive confrontation between the two protagonists. This determination to have the last move up to the front, to have them clamber up (too quickly, say some) the famous echelons of an organized society, can only succeed by resorting to every means, including, of course, violence.” (Fanon 3) This violence was portrayed in numerous ways; force, physiological, and radicalism. The main idea was force alone will not bring about decolonization. Fanon had many complex ideas on violence in T...

... middle of paper ...

... what happens during the colonization. There is a lot that happens during an anti-colonization revolt, however the main idea stays the same. Fanon explained how all colonialism is the same, no matter what race or religion. Whites, for example, treated Negroes the same as the whites treated the Africans during colonialism. They looked down upon, forced them into labor, etc. All of these characteristics of a colonizer. Fanon believes, it does not matter where the colonization happens, the same thing will happen every time. Similar power, similar revolts, similar downfalls. He uses Algeria as an example, pointing out after the decolonization, this country was led by similar rules. The only difference is the flag being flown. Other countries followed this same scenario, and the main reason was because of the lack of educated leadership after the downfall of colonialism.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Wretched of the Earth, by Frantz Fanon: The Native Intellectual's Alliance with the Lumpenproletariat

- The native intellectual’s alliance with the lumpenproletariat. In Fanon’s, The Wretched of the Earth, he sees the Native Intellectual as aggressive for command, nonviolent, a modern voice, and strategic. “The native intellectual has clothed his aggressiveness in his barely veiled desire to assimilate himself to the colonial world. He used his aggressiveness to serve his own individual interests,” (60). Here, Fanon emphasizes the native intellectual’s aggressiveness for power. He has hid his initial plan to eliminate the settler and take his position of authority, by assimilating to his beliefs....   [tags: Plans to Govern, Colonization]

Strong Essays
784 words (2.2 pages)

Critical Commentary of Frantz Fanon Essay

- “The issue of reading Fanon today, then, is perhaps not about finding the moment of relevance in Fanon’s text that corresponds with the world, but in searching for the moments where Fanon’s text and the world do not correspond, and asking how Fanon, the revolutionary, would think and act in the period of retrogression.” A complete study of 1968 and its legacies in Europe can not solely deal with events that occurred on the continent. 1968 was, in fact, a “global phenomenon”; with ideas perpetrated in Europe reaching as far as Mexico, China, and India, but to name a few ....   [tags: The Wretched of the Earth, violence, third world]

Strong Essays
915 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Wretched of the Earth

- Wretched of the Earth by Frantz Fanon explores the roles of violence, class, and political organization in the process of decolonization. Within a Marxist framework, Fanon theorizes and prophesizes the successes and failures of independence movements within colonized nations. He exalts the proletariat as a revolutionary class that is first to realize the necessity of violence in the removal of colonial regimes. Yet the accomplishment and disappointments of the proletariat are at the hand of men....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

Strong Essays
1168 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Why did Fanon Argue for a Violent Struggle Against Colonialism?

- In the second half of the twentieth century, started a process of decolonization, first in Asia and then in Africa. In 1949, India was one of the first country to gain its independence, followed by Burma, Malaysia, and Ceylon. In Africa the decolonization started a few years later, first in Libya and Egypt, and in the rest of the continent afterwards. The main colonists were the Great Britain and France. The history has shown that Great Britain succeeded to decolonize generally in peace while France had much more problems to give up its colonies, which led to numerous conflicts opposing the colonists and the colonized....   [tags: frantz fanon, colonialism, decolonization]

Strong Essays
1845 words (5.3 pages)

Frantz Fanon and Cultural Nationalism in Ireland Essay

- Frantz Fanon and Cultural Nationalism in Ireland Only recently has Ireland been included in the extensive study of postcolonial societies. Our geographical closeness to Britain, the fact that we are racially identical, the fact that we speak the same language and have the same value systems make our status as postcolonial problematic. Indeed, some would argue it is impossible to tell the difference between Irish and British. However, to mistake Irish for English to some is a grave insult. In this essay, I would like to look at Ireland’s emerging postcolonial status in relation to Frantz Fanon’s ‘The Wretched of the Earth’....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Free Essays
1153 words (3.3 pages)

Frantz Fanon, Conflicts And Feminisms Essay

- In her book Frantz Fanon, Conflicts and Feminisms, Vanderbilt Professor Tracy Denea Sharpley-Whiting provides an illuminating critique of postmodern academic feminism. Through an appropriation of Fanon’s social-democratic vision of liberation, she develops her own approach of a political-conscious, activist feminism squarely grounded in the works of Fanon and other black feminist writers. The first part of the book is dedicated to a discussion of the conflicts that have shaped feminists scholarships over the last decades and serves as an illustration of the conflicts that have shaped modern feminist scholarship....   [tags: Feminism, Feminist theory, Bell hooks]

Strong Essays
776 words (2.2 pages)

A Brief Look at the Thoughts of Frantz Fanon Essay

- Frantz Fanon grew up in a well off family in French colonial Martinique. He was schooled in France and became a psychiatrist. After volunteering for the free French army during the Second World War, Fanon spent a number of years in the French colony of Algeria before and during the revolution (Zaidi). Because of his life and education, Fanon had a unique perspective to criticize and deconstruct colonialism and decolonization. Using a Marxist lens, he theorized that because colonies were created and maintained in violence, that a colony could only decolonize through violence....   [tags: similarities with Martin Luther King Jr.]

Strong Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)

Frantz Fanon and Friedrich Nietzsche on Humanity Essay

- Having witnessed the racism and assimilation in the colonial Antilles, Frantz Fanon devotes himself to the battle for a human world--that is, a world of mutual recognition--where all races are equal. Applying the idea mutual recognition from Hegel to his situation, Fanon believes that mutual recognition is achieved when the White and the Black approve each other’s human reality, which is the capacity to have dreams and to turn them into reality. On the contrary, Friedrich Nietzsche believes the hope for humanity lies in the endless self-transcendence of becoming the overman, ignoring whether one receives acknowledgement from others or not....   [tags: Mutual Recognition, Overman]

Strong Essays
1431 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Fact of Blackness by Frantz Fanon

- “The Fact of Blackness” by Frantz Fanon      This article was an eye opener. After Fanon got away from the huge mind boggling words, I kind of felt for an extremely short second what it actually felt to be a black man. I myself am a unique mixture of races and I was fortunate to have grown up in such a way that I experienced my two main cultures vividly. I can laugh with George Lopez, and feel the pain, anguish, and laughter that are associated with a Mexican American heritage. The same goes for Larry the Cable Guy, I can laugh at what he says in his stand comedy routine, because I can relate with my Anglo culture....   [tags: personal response essay]

Free Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Black Skin, White Masks, By Frantz Fanon

- In Black Skin, White Masks, Frantz Fanon looks at the effects of both racism and the process of colonization on the colonized. Even though Fanon’s work targets a French audience, it holds a universal message which is significant to anyone who is exposed to racism and/or colonialism whether they are the oppressor or the oppressed. While Black Skins, White Masks was written over half a century ago, is Fanon’s work still relevant today. In this short paper I will look at some of the themes of racism, colonization and the complex relationships they create among various groups as well as the inner turmoil which may be created within the subjugated group....   [tags: Black people, White people, Race]

Strong Essays
1769 words (5.1 pages)