The Wretched Of The Earth By Frantz Fanon Essay

The Wretched Of The Earth By Frantz Fanon Essay

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Divide and conquer, a technique used by European countries to take land and start to make it their own. These European countries thought it was virtuous to have these Native people, whose land was just taken from them, learn western ways. In today’s terms, this is called colonization, and in Fanon, Frantz’s novel, The Wretched of the Earth (1961), he described colonialism and the different aspects to promote decolonization. Frantz Fanon, who was born in Martinique, came from a lower class family and received a colonial education. He described the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation in a Marxist framework. The Wretched of the Earth conveys the idea of decolonization, which is the act of removing colonizing in numerous ways. His points are interesting as they apply local relationships, not specific historical events such as successful achievements and failures in colonized nations. Fanon focuses on the ideas of violence, class, and political organization in the progression or the path of decolonization, specifically the mindset of the colonized Algerians from the French.
Decolonization, in Fanon’s mind, is always violent and believes it must happen in order to decolonize. “For the last can be the first only after a murderous arid decisive confrontation between the two protagonists. This determination to have the last move up to the front, to have them clamber up (too quickly, say some) the famous echelons of an organized society, can only succeed by resorting to every means, including, of course, violence.” (Fanon 3) This violence was portrayed in numerous ways; force, physiological, and radicalism. The main idea was force alone will not bring about decolonization. Fanon had many complex ideas on violence in T...


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... what happens during the colonization. There is a lot that happens during an anti-colonization revolt, however the main idea stays the same. Fanon explained how all colonialism is the same, no matter what race or religion. Whites, for example, treated Negroes the same as the whites treated the Africans during colonialism. They looked down upon, forced them into labor, etc. All of these characteristics of a colonizer. Fanon believes, it does not matter where the colonization happens, the same thing will happen every time. Similar power, similar revolts, similar downfalls. He uses Algeria as an example, pointing out after the decolonization, this country was led by similar rules. The only difference is the flag being flown. Other countries followed this same scenario, and the main reason was because of the lack of educated leadership after the downfall of colonialism.

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