World's Shared Vision at the Millennium Summit

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The world did not have a common goal for development before the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were shaped (McArthur 2013). The income disparities amongst the rich and the poor have increased in many countries especially in developing and least developing countries. The poor had benefited less from growth and the income equalities widened the living conditions in many developing countries were dreadful. In September 2000, at the Millennium Summit, 189 world leaders endorsed the UN Millennium Declaration. The leaders promised and made commitments to work together to build safer, prosperous and equitable world by 2015 (UNSG 2006). The world leaders and the world communities agreed upon a shared vision for development based on fundamental values of freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect for nature and joint responsibility (UN System Task Team 2012). The shared vision agreed by the world leaders for development is perceived through the eight MDGs: 1) Eradicate extreme poverty; 2) Achieve Universal Primary Education; 3) Promote gender equality and empower women; 4) Reduce child mortality; 5) Improve maternal health; 6) Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; 7) Ensure environmental sustainability; and 8) Develop a global partnership for development (ibid). The MDGs articulate the key elements of human development which are to be achieved by 2015 and focus on the key elements like poverty and hunger to be reduced to halve, ensuring universal primary education and gender equality, reduce two third of the infant mortality and three quarters of maternal mortality, reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS and integration of sustainable development into public policies (Vandemoortele 2002). Previous Approaches of Development... ... middle of paper ... ...l responsibilities, to ensure commitment to and means of implementing the new vision; and (f) being “fit for purpose”, to ensure that the international community is equipped with the right institutions for addressing the challenges of implementing the sustainable development agenda at the national level (ibid). The global development agenda post 2015 must make a priority to have clear understanding and means to ensure successful implementation of development approaches which were missed out in MDGs. The mobilization of resources both within the government as well as increased Overseas Development Assistance by the developed countries will be essential for successful implementation of post 2015 development agenda. The ultimate goal of the development agenda beyond 2015 is to create prosperous world where all people realize their rights and live with dignity and hope.

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