Essay about World War II : The Cold War

Essay about World War II : The Cold War

Length: 979 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

After World War II drew to a close in the mid-20th century, a new conflict began known as the Cold War, this battle pitted the world’s two great powers the democratic, capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union against each other. Beginning in the late 1950s, space would become another dramatic arena for this competition, as each side sought to prove the superiority of its technology, its military firepower and by extension its political-economic system.
There were a lot that led up prior to the space race. The United States came out of World War II with a huge amount of strategic bomber force and they already used atom bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Since the Soviet Union did not have equal amount weapons and bases, they started producing rockets and ballistic missiles capable of intercontinental range. Policymakers of USA felt that the diplomacy of the State Department was no longer adequate to contain the USSR in light of the tension between the Soviet Union and the United States .The National Security Act of 1947 created the National Security Council. The function of the NSC as outlined in the 1947 act was to advise the President on integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies relating to national security and to facilitate interagency cooperation. At the President 's direction, the NSC could also assess and appraise risks to U.S. national security, consider policies, and then report or make recommendations to the President. The United States faced a new uncertainty beginning in September 1949, when it lost its monopoly on the atomic bomb. Given this new danger, the United States participated in an arms race with the Soviet Union that included development of the hydrogen bomb, as well as inte...


... middle of paper ...


..., the first space probe to hit the moon. In April 1961, the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit Earth, traveling in the capsule-like spacecraft Vostok 1. For the U.S. effort to send a man into space, dubbed Project Mercury, NASA engineers designed a smaller, cone-shaped capsule far lighter than Vostok; they tested the craft with chimpanzees, and held a final test flight in March 1961 before the Soviets were able to pull ahead with Gagarin’s launch. On May 5, astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space.
Later that May, President John F. Kennedy made the bold, public claim that the U.S. would land a man on the moon before the end of the decade. In February 1962, John Glenn became the first American to orbit Earth, and by the end of that year, the foundations of NASA’s lunar landing program dubbed Project Apollo were in place.



Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about World War II : The Cold War

- After World War II drew to a close in the mid-20th century, a new conflict began known as the Cold War, this battle pitted the world’s two great powers the democratic, capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union against each other. Beginning in the late 1950s, space would become another dramatic arena for this competition, as each side sought to prove the superiority of its technology, its military firepower and by extension its political-economic system. There were a lot that led up prior to the space race....   [tags: Cold War, World War II, Nuclear weapon]

Better Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

The World Of The Cold War Essay

- Suspicion and different ideologies led the two most dominant nations in the world to turn their backs on one other and fight for the spread of their principles in the Cold War. Fresh out of World War II, Stalin declined the offer to join the United Nations. In 1946, Winston Churchill revealed to the world the actual tension going on in the “present position in Europe.” He states “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe....   [tags: Soviet Union, Cold War, World War II, Communism]

Better Essays
1150 words (3.3 pages)

Essay The Cold War During World War II

- During World War II, there was a necessary alliance seeking to stop the Axis powers’ invasions. After WWII, in the mid-1940s, two of the Allies’ superpowers, the Soviet Union (USSR) and United States (USA), split the temporary alliance as they had profound differences in their ideologies. WWII resulted in the leading power of the USA with a nuclear weapon, with the USSR following up with its nuclear weapon. The possession of nuclear weapons and large-scale armies added tension between sides, though both were deterred to attack as a nuclear attack would result in the destruction of both superpowers....   [tags: World War II, Cold War, Soviet Union, Eastern Bloc]

Better Essays
1657 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on The Cold War On The World War II

- Following years of brutal fighting, a war which engulfed the entire world, feelings could not simply be thrown away. Bitter rivalries had arisen out of World War II, even ones between former allies. Just after the war America’s public support and trust of the USSR was higher than 50%, within months that number would drop lower than 35% as hostility grew between the two nations. Many began comparing it to Hitler’s Nazi Germany in ways such as the autocratic government and labor camps. The ones that began pointing out these similarities were the head officials of government, the ones who formulate our policies for America....   [tags: Cold War, World War II, Harry S. Truman]

Better Essays
1751 words (5 pages)

Was Cold war an inevitable result of the World War II? Essay

- Introduction In my essay I would like to examine the idea of Cold War being an inevitable event or an events which could have been avoided. The end of World War II was the key element, because it did created freshly minted world with the US and the USSR standing against each other as two superpowers trying to surpass one another. Another important factor was their nature, which I would like to examine more closely from the USSR point of view and of course from the US point of view. I consider understanding the nature of both countries vital in order to understand the whole meaning of the Cold War, because there is no clear definition whether the Cold War was an inevitable event or not....   [tags: United States, USSR, World History, Cold War]

Better Essays
1644 words (4.7 pages)

Essay about The Cold War And The End Of World War II

- While the United States is not completely at fault, its unilateralism became the “occupational hazard of [this] sole surviving superpower.” In the post-Cold-War era, Washington officials failed to consider the changing dynamics at the international, national and local level between states and people after the opposing superpower crumbled into a bunch of pieces. Because the U.S. lacked a large countervailing power, it embraced all the positive aspects of globalization while failing to recognize its negative ramifications....   [tags: Cold War, United States, World War II]

Better Essays
1038 words (3 pages)

Essay about The Cold War During World War II

- A hot war Leads to a Cold war Following World War II in 1945, many parts of Europe were left in ruins. The economies of warring nations were destroyed, and many civilians suffered terribly. Despite their cooperation during World War II, a difference of beliefs between the United States and the Soviet Union, which had begun during the Russian Revolution in 1917, reemerged as World War II came to an end. The Cold War was a non-violent conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union that turned out to last for almost fifty years after the Second World War....   [tags: World War II, Soviet Union, Cold War, Eastern Bloc]

Better Essays
1944 words (5.6 pages)

Essay on The Cold War During World War II

- Shortly after World War II conflicts and tensions started to intensify between the Soviet Union and United States. Postwar Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of Russian plan to control the world. These two nations had strongly conflicting ideologies and fear of expansionism, “each side aimed to transform the other (Engerman, P.20).” It could be considered with the atmosphere after the war that no single party was entirely to blame for the Cold War and that root of the Cold War was a battle of ideas; American liberalism vs....   [tags: Cold War, Soviet Union, World War II]

Better Essays
1149 words (3.3 pages)

How Cold War Tensions Affected the 1972 World Chess Championship Essay

- Chess in the Cold War How did Cold War tensions affect the 1972 World Chess Championship. Section A: Plan of the Investigation Through much of the 20th Century, the Cold War (mid 1940’s – early 1990’s) created a state of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. This tension was sustained through various fronts, such as the nuclear arms race, the space race, and political and military conflicts. This investigation assesses these Cold War tensions as perpetuated in the world of chess....   [tags: World Chess Championships, Cold War Effects]

Better Essays
1444 words (4.1 pages)

World War II And The Cold War Essay

- Throughout the past century, the human race as a whole have endured many instances of war and battle. With warfare, though, comes the evolution of brilliant minds and dangerous weapons. During the course of the battles, people have invented multiple different weapons in order to protect themselves and make fighting more efficient, as well as more effective. The main objective of these new weapons used in war vary from combat to combat. The intention of new weapons and technology has drastically changed over the past 100 years as seen through World War I, World War II, and The Cold War....   [tags: World War II, Nuclear weapon, World War I]

Better Essays
1380 words (3.9 pages)