World War I was caused by European imperialism, which is an example of nationalism. Nationalism and competition among European countries inspired territorial expansion during the nineteenth century, as Europeans wanted to prove that they were superior by imperializing. An example of imperial competition among European nations is the “Scramble for Africa”, an event that took place from 1881 to 1914. The Map of Africa by Treaty was published in 1909 by Sir Edward Hertslet, an English librarian. In The Map of Africa by Treaty, the African continent is shown slip up among the British, French, Italian, German, Portuguese, Belgian, and Spanish nations (General). This is an important document, as it shows that the nations that colonized the vast majority of the African continent during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were European. European competition grew as nations fought each other in order to gain access to economically valuable colonies o...
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...t. Therefore, the assassination of Ferdinand contributed greatly to the start of World War I.
Imperialism throughout Europe was inspired by nationalism and resulted in competition, as nations fought each other for land. Militarism is also an example of nationalism that led to World War I, as Europeans increasingly began to use military strength as a way to prove their national strength. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which was caused by nationalism, was the immediate trigger of World War I. Ferdinand was Austro-Hungarian and was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. Because of the system of alliances throughout Europe, this act of nationalism resulted in a World War. The primary cause of World War I was nationalism, as imperialism, militarism, and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand are examples nationalism that contributed to World War I.
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