The causes of the world war differ from one another, from short-term to long-term reasons. The immediate cause of the world war was the assassination of Habsburg archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie. While traveling to Serbia on June 28, 1914, they were killed by Gavrillo Princip, an 18-year-old student associated with a Serbian secretive organization called the Black Hand. Although not directly organized by Serbia’s government, the Black Hand was lead by the head of Serbian military intelligence, Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijevic. Since the assassin was Serbian, Austria punished Serbia by presenting an ultimatum, or a series of uncompromising demands. Instead of accepting all of these orders, Serbian leaders only agreed to some of Austria’s demands; therefore, on July 28, Austria declared war on Serbia.
A long-term cause of the Great War was the competing alliance systems: the Anglo-French-Russian Triple Entente and the German-Austrian-Italy Triple Alliance. Initially, these alliance systems had been intended to preserve peace in Europe; on the contrary, it drove the...
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... of paying approximately $32 billion dollars in reparations for the war, and having limitations on their industry and commerce. Above all, in article 23 of the Versailles Treaty, to impose a legal basis for claims of reparations, Germany had to accept the blame for World War I. It was these harsh punishments on the Germans that created the main spark that led to another world war.
Overall, the reason why World War I is given the title “The Great War” was because of its long-term and immediate origins, overwhelming major battles, treaty that settled peace to the world, and aggravating consequences. Indeed, the Great War did affected the world in different ways, including exposing of the withstanding horrors on the battlefield and the worries at home. Most importantly, World War I had created a sorrow and destructive environment of fear of death and seeing death.
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