The World Of The Space Race Essay

The World Of The Space Race Essay

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Initially the launch caused fear in the US, the space race was lost or as many viewed American could not overcome this insurmountable gap created by the launch of a Russian satellite. A little known fact is that while the military was developing rockets designed to launch missiles against our enemies we also intended to place a satellite into space in 1957 this was to be a civilian venture as it would conduct experiments for the International Geophysical Year (IGY). This was the first time that the US and Soviet Union would work together on an international stage. The Soviets launch Sputnik, and shortly after that NASA is born, President Eisenhower and Congress make the space race a priority whereas before it was strictly military focus. During the years between 1957 and 1961 the Soviets maintain their edge, first Sputnik, a dog, a man and a woman. However, this all changes on May 25 1961 president Kennedy lays down the gauntlet and announces his goal to reach the moon first, congress agrees now assets are diverted with the single goal of landing on the moon first. By February 20 1962 John Glenn becomes the first US astronaut to orbit the earth, piloted space flight is now reality. The space race heats up as the United States and the Soviet Union launch rockets with impunity now everyone believes that the moon is within reach. This leads to the singing of the Treaty on principles governing the activities of states in the Exploration and Use of outer Space Including the Moon and other Celestial Bodies (Outer Space Treaty) in 1967. By 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin NASA astronauts are the first men to ever walk on the moon.
In 1972 the US and Russians conduct the first international link up in space. The Apollo...

... middle of paper ...

...pport and procurement must come from commercial industry. In order to meet the promise of launching a satellite for the International Geophysical Year the military is initially assigned to provide the rockets.
The Space races influence continues to this day, growth within commercial industry maybe too large to measure in dollars and cents from inception to today. Therefore we will look at innovation that we now take for granted, sunglass coating developed by Foster Grant, cordless power tools developed by Black and Decker, and invisible braces developed by Ceradyne. Currently NASA holds thousands of patents these patents are available for use by private corporations called spinoff technologies. Amazingly a little satellite sent into space by a country that we did not like, is the catalyst for a company’s potential growth based on technology developed by NASA.

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