The Hawaiian Islands are actually the pinnacles of gargantuan volcanic mountains that have over several million years been fashioned by numerous eruptions of liquid lava. Some of them transcend that of 30,000 feet directly above the seafloor. It’s astonishing that these summits that escalates over the surface of the ocean signifies merely the tiny, perceptible fragment of an colossal submarine ridge. That ridge is known as the Hawaiian Ridge or Emperor Seamount Chain and is comprised of greater than 80 huge volcanoes and extends out past the Pacific Ocean floor from the Hawaiian Islands to the Aleutian Trench (Robert I. Tilling, Christina Heliker, and Donald A. Swanson, 2010). The islands were formed because there is a hot spot that is located in the Earth 's mantle and underneath the southeastern part of Hawaii. Over the last seventy million years, this hot spot only marginally changed its...
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...nal land have been added to the Island of Hawaii since the eruption that started in 1983. The lava flow is that of Pähoehoe. Pähoehoe means that it has a smooth, shiny, or swirled surface (Tim R. Orr, Christina Heliker, and Matthew R. Patrick, 2013).
The Kohala Volcano is Hawaii 's first-born of five subaerial volcanoes. It is predicted that at very least it surfaced beyond the sea level 500,000 years ago. Its most recent eruption was predicted to have happened about 120,000 years ago (Kohala Hawaii 's Oldest Volcano, 1998).
The Hualālai volcano is the newest and third-most factually recorded active volcano on the Island of Hawaii although isn’t even beginning to be as active as Mauna Loa or Kilauea. It is comprised of six different vents that erupted between the late 1700s and 1801 (which was its most recent eruption) (Hualālai Hawaii 's Third Active Volcano, 2015).
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