World city and City-region: The Engine of World Economy Essay

World city and City-region: The Engine of World Economy Essay

Length: 2409 words (6.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Historically, since the first industrial revolution happened in the UK, the development of productivity has accelerated the process of urbanization. London, as a metropolis, has become the world greatest economic center during that period. In order to provide financial and other essential services, the capital flow was at the forefront of industrial development as well as the regional economy development. Nowadays, world economic integration was the essence of globalization. It has comprised capital investment, trade, finance and the best allocation of resources. The world economic development has two significant features: the global economic integration and the economic regionalization. Therefore, an irreversible trend of city and city-regions development has been regarded as the new pattern of urbanization and regionalization, which indeed provided unprecedented opportunities for the world economic growth.
Previous research defined ‘world cities’ differently via a variety of criteria. A common one regarded it as ‘a center of advanced services and information-processing activities, and a deeply segmented social space marked by extremes of poverty and wealth’ (Scott 2001; see also Castells, 1996, Sassen, 1991). World cities often shared some important characteristics, such as the geographic location, a clear division of social structure and the comprehensive strength including political power and economic power. Sassen (1991) also claimed that the global city was a combination of spatial dispersal and global integration, and such city usually controlled a disproportion amount of world concern.
From the author’s perspective, some empirical identifications of global cities and global city-regions are a blurring city natural boundary...


... middle of paper ...


...es.thesundaytimes.co.uk/public/best100companies/live/template [Acessed date: 09 Jaunary 2014].
U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis 2012, GDP by Metropolitan Area, [Online] Avaliable from: http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_metro/gdp_metro_newsrelease.htm [Acessed date: 07 January 2014].
BBSR 2011, ‘Metropolitan areas in Europe’, [Online] Avaliable from: http://www.bbsr.bund.de/BBSR/EN/Publications/OnlinePublications/2011/DL_ON012011.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=2 [Acecced date: 11 January 2014].
Metro Tokey 2011, 'Asian Headquarters in Tokyo', [Online] Avaliable from: http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/PLAN/DATA/book_of_2020_english_11.pdf [Accessed date: 09 January 2014]
World Cities Culture Forum 2013, ‘Indicators GDP (ppp) (million)’, [Online] Avaliable from: http://www.worldcitiescultureforum.com/indicators/gdp-pppmillion [Accessed date: 09 January 2014].

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Why The Gasoline Engine Isn 't Going Away Any Time?

- Prices on many items that everyday citizens need daily have increased over the years. According to Joseph B. White’s Wall Street Journal article, “Why the Gasoline Engine Isn’t Going Away Any Time Soon”, the increase in oil prices has “accomplished what years of pleas from environmentalists and energy-security hawks could not: forcing the world 's major auto makers to refocus their engineers and their capital on devising mass-market alternatives to century-old petroleum-fueled engine technology”....   [tags: Automobile, Internal combustion engine, Petroleum]

Research Papers
714 words (2 pages)

Households Drive Economy Essay

- 1) INTRODUCTION TO THEME (1) In this book Material Concerns, from which three Readings in the Introduction to Working with our Environment are taken, Tim Jackson argues that people living in households, through their demand for goods and services, are the main 'engine' that drives the industrial economy. In fact in most industrialized countries household expenditures on food, clothing, housing, transport, recreation, etc. accounts for about 60 per cent of total economic output (OECD, 1998 p. 77)....   [tags: Economy Energy Conservation]

Free Essays
1598 words (4.6 pages)

The City Of Charleston, South Carolina Essay

- Introduction Imagine: It’s Saturday morning in Charleston, South Carolina. On this brisk morning, a resident is reading a book with a cup of coffee on the porch of his historic home. Without warning, a boisterous call from the PA System of a cruise ship pierces the tranquility of the morning. This call signals the departure of the cruise ship, which is then followed by an unnecessary horn, wailing four times. According to a citizen of Charleston, this is a common scenario as it repeats 104 times a year....   [tags: Cruise ship, Tourism, Pacific, Ship]

Research Papers
1818 words (5.2 pages)

Essay on The Decline of Manufacturing and the City of Elizabeth, NJ

- The 1920's were a time for a change in New Jersey. Its location made it a prominent part of the country with some of the greatest manufactures coming through the Garden State. Very much like the rest of The United States, New Jersey began the 1920's in a state of prosperity. This was a time for population and employment increase. After the War was over factory production greatly decreased but the production lines remained in somewhat high production. The 1920's brought on a completely new era of transportation and movement of goods and people....   [tags: Environmental Regulations]

Research Papers
1194 words (3.4 pages)

The Industrial Revolution Of The 19th Century Essay

- The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century brought about profound changes in transportation, technology, and economics. Members of society reaped tremendous benefits from the abundance of innovations that arose during the period. The invention of new machinery paved the way for mass production, and allowed once burdensome tasks to be accomplished quickly. at record speeds. Yet certain individuals became skeptical of the consequences of such rapid development. Numerous artists, writers and philosophers, worried that induexstrialization would destroy the connection of humankind to the natural world....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine]

Research Papers
1292 words (3.7 pages)

The Halifax International Airport Essay

- The Halifax International Airport plays a major role in servicing tourists and travelers but is also the economic engine of Nova Scotia and the hub city for the Maritime Provinces. In this paper I am going to prove how valuable the Stanfield Airport is and what it’s impact are on our region. First, just a brief history of the Halifax Stanfield International Airport it was built by the Department of Transport near Kelly Lake, on land provided by the City of Halifax. It is presently operated by the Halifax International Airport Authority, and opened in June, 1960, with a temporary license....   [tags: economic engine of Nova Scotia]

Research Papers
1343 words (3.8 pages)

Agent Of Change : The Industrial Revolution Essay

- Agent of Change: The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was one of the most important turning points in global history and it is also one of the main topic discussed in chapter 3 of the textbook, Mass media. It is in this revolutionary era where series of extraordinary innovations altered the ways in which people lived and continued to live for the next 150 years. There were two stages of industrial revolution, each occurred in different time periods. The first industrial revolution occurred in Britain during the 1830s with the developments of textiles, iron and steam....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine, Factory]

Research Papers
901 words (2.6 pages)

The Invention Of Steam Power Essay

- During the Second Industrial Revolution, there were several inventions that took place. After the invention of steam power and the cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1793, cotton could be shipped from the American South by New England ships to the vast textile factories of Great Britain which produced a reverse triangle trade around a single global service. Electricity also led to inventions such as the telephone, by Alexander Graham Bell. The design of the light bulb was finally improved by Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine, Factory]

Research Papers
1042 words (3 pages)

Essay on The Industrial Revolution

- The Industrial Revolution was one of the most important turning points in global history and it is also one of the main topics discussed in chapter 3 of the textbook, Mass media. It is in this revolutionary era where series of extraordinary innovations altered the ways in which people lived and continued to live for the next 150 years. There were two stages of the industrial revolution, each occurred in different time periods. The first industrial revolution occurred in Britain during the 1830s with the developments of textiles, iron and steam....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine, Factory]

Research Papers
899 words (2.6 pages)

The World Is Flat Essay

- On a modern-day passage to India, Thomas L. Friedman, the foreign affairs columnist for the New York Times, found himself chatting in Bangalore with a young, slight, mustachioed videogame-company CEO named Rajesh Rao. "India is going to be a superpower," Rao said, gushing about a new economic era that makes the globe into one massive marketplace, "and we are going to rule." But rule whom. Friedman asked. Rao laughed. "It's not about ruling anybody," he admitted. "That's the point. There is nobody to rule anymore." Rao's enthusiasm about the changing rules of international commerce and politics today -- about whether there's anything left to rule in a brave new world of globalization -- und...   [tags: Thomas Friedman]

Research Papers
1690 words (4.8 pages)