Previous research defined ‘world cities’ differently via a variety of criteria. A common one regarded it as ‘a center of advanced services and information-processing activities, and a deeply segmented social space marked by extremes of poverty and wealth’ (Scott 2001; see also Castells, 1996, Sassen, 1991). World cities often shared some important characteristics, such as the geographic location, a clear division of social structure and the comprehensive strength including political power and economic power. Sassen (1991) also claimed that the global city was a combination of spatial dispersal and global integration, and such city usually controlled a disproportion amount of world concern.
From the author’s perspective, some empirical identifications of global cities and global city-regions are a blurring city natural boundary...
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...es.thesundaytimes.co.uk/public/best100companies/live/template [Acessed date: 09 Jaunary 2014].
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BBSR 2011, ‘Metropolitan areas in Europe’, [Online] Avaliable from: http://www.bbsr.bund.de/BBSR/EN/Publications/OnlinePublications/2011/DL_ON012011.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=2 [Acecced date: 11 January 2014].
Metro Tokey 2011, 'Asian Headquarters in Tokyo', [Online] Avaliable from: http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/PLAN/DATA/book_of_2020_english_11.pdf [Accessed date: 09 January 2014]
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