According to Ospina (1996), organizations are stratified systems based on a social hierarchy that are built on ideals of equality. The result of the obvious contradiction reflects on the employees' perceptions and reactions within the workplace (Ospina, 1996). Apparently, it is impossible to close the gap between social reality and social ideals, so it...
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...ng them, but modern companies have to be built on successful social collaborations between employers and employees to achieve long-term benefits (Erickson, 2001). The employers are required to focus on both internal productivity and connecting to external environments to propose and define organisational objectives (Erickson, 2001). Furthermore, they are required to form realistic expectations from their employees, so they will be able to assign duties accordingly (Erickson, 2001). On the other hand, positive attitudes and behaviours among employers assist the company's performance and long-term success (Avey, Wernsing, & Luthans, 2008). It is possible to notice how both sides are responsible for smooth business operations, and a constructive workplace environment can be achieved only through mutual collaboration and finding common grounds on different expectations.
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