Workplace Inequality Of The Canadian Population Essay

Workplace Inequality Of The Canadian Population Essay

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As the Canadian population becomes more diverse it would be reasonable to expect that workplace inequality and insecurity would decrease. However, because employers attempt to increase profits and dividends to the stakeholders, vulnerable workers will increasingly be forced to take employment in jobs with low pay and few benefits. Inequality in the workplace is aided by the insecurity of the workplace.
The structure of the workplace can lead to workplace insecurity. Workplace insecurity according to Krahn, Lowe, and Huges, (2012) is where standard employment such as permanent full time employment is not readily available. Lacking permanent work people are working precarious jobs. That is to say, they are working more part time jobs, temporary work, contract or contingency work, or are deemed to be self-employed. These types of employment provide barriers to benefits such as health care and pensions. Because the job today might not exist tomorrow, workers have no guarantee of future employment (Krahn et al.).
Workplace inequality is more obvious in its description as discrimination, but it is not always easy to identify. There are 4 basic categories of employees who are at risk of inequality in the workplace, women, aboriginals, visible minorities, and the disabled (Krahn et al, 2012). Statistics Canada (2009) defines those visible minorities as “persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour". Unpaid work or lower paid work is often performed by these marginalized employees (Krahn et a.l). These marginalized workers are those employees who are thought to be, or are treated as less important, such as caregivers and domestic workers, traditionally female roles.
Workers fac...

... middle of paper ... accompany them to work. By working in the cultural community within the larger urban center they are able to maintain the language and culture for the children.
Labour legislation in Canada has the goal of increasing equality in the workplace. Legislation that protects workers from discrimination, provides a living minimum wage and protects the unionization of workers exists, but is often ineffective or does not provide the benefits it hopes to (Krahn et al., 2012). Discrimination can be difficult to prove. Minimum wage increases often lead to higher prices for consumer goods leaving workers no better off than before the wage increase. Protection of unionization can create workplaces that have barriers to entry. Smaller employers and those that typically pay lower wages claim paying a living wage hurts their ability to do business and drives up prices.

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