Workplace Bullying : Considering The Interaction Between Individuals And Work Environment By Al Karim Sammnani And Parbudyal Singh

Workplace Bullying : Considering The Interaction Between Individuals And Work Environment By Al Karim Sammnani And Parbudyal Singh

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Article Overview:
I chose the article Workplace Bullying: Considering the Interaction Between Individuals and Work Environment by Al-Karim Sammnani and Parbudyal Singh. In this article authors Sammnani and Singh, (2015) did a review of multiple studied on bully behaviors. Realizing that most research on bullying behavior is focused solely on the target, Sammnani and Singh propose a “more complex and integrated approach to workplace bullying” (p. 1). Sammnani and Singh, pitched the idea that “no comprehensive model of workplace bullying would be satisfactory without also including personality and other individual factors of both the perpetrator and victim” (p. 2). Rather than focusing solely on the bully the bullied, Samnani and Singh suggest that researchers employ what they call “an integrationist approach in empirical research” (p. 2). This approach they believe will better show the relationship between the bully (perpetrator) and the bullied (target).
By employing the integrationist approach Sammnani and Singh (2015) developed the “victim precipitation theory”. This approach focused on to the victims’ behavior(s) that causes him/her to be the target of perpetrator. They also identified five characteristics consider to be key proponents of the bullying behavior; this they call “moral emotions” (p. 9) Moral emotions include; Trait Anger, Narcissism, Envy, Aggression and Precipitation.
Sammnani and Singh set forth several propositions as to why victims may be the targets of bullies.
Proposition 1: The dyadic level: shows the relationship between the target characteristics, and bully’s moral emotions. Proposition 2: Moral emotions being the moderator between target and the bully. Therefore if target shows certain characteristics...


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... Since bullying is brought about by an imbalance of power is it fair to say, bullying is a systematic tool of violence used to intimidate and maintain dominance (Coloroso, p. 14).

Conclusion
From my standpoint, this article is an eye-opener; it gives new perspectives, with regard to race, class and gender suppression. I now see where race, class or gender suppression is a form of bullying mentality. Bullying “is an imbalance of power” (Colorsao p. 14), hence, those that seek to suppress others regardless of race, class and gender are in fact bullies of various orders, be it racially, economically, industrially and socially. Sammnani and Singh (2015) proposed approach in studying bully behavior is thought provoking, bold and may be a bit offensive to some. Regardless of feelings these studies are important in order to find ways in dealing with bullying behavior.

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