With the use of pathos, Shipler does a great job showing the reader how these immigrant workers are forced to withstand some of the worst living conditions imaginable. These people are stuck in little shacks with no running water, electricity or air conditioning. Also, these shack’s rooms are the size of a jail cell and house around twelve workers. Even the beds are well under livable standards; “They are sticky. They smell discussing. It is horrible to be there they prefer to sleep on the floor they are afraid of getting disease by sleeping on the mattresses” (Shipler 97). The immigrants resort to sleeping on the floor because the beds are so contaminated that they do not want to catch diseases from sleeping on them. It is a sad day when someone cannot sleep in a bed after a long hard day in 100 degree weather picking strawberries for 10 plus hours because the mattress looks like the mattress Regan MacNeil was chained to and exercised on. Even the bathrooms are grimy, the workers do not even have stalls just bare toilets and showers, these poor workers cannot have any privacy. More horrendously, aliens are usually paid well under minimum wage, around f...
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... rocket and the farming business would go into bankruptcy with the bank loaners. In closing, Shipler adds ethos to the novel to show the necessity for immigrant workers and their dangerous journey to America.
All in all, The Working Poor is a powerful masterpiece in which Shipler exposes the horrendous issues of immigration and why they should matter in the reader’s eyes. He used pathos to express his views on how the immigrants were treated harshly and horrible conditions that they reside in. Shipler used logos to show how hard it is to sneak into the U.S. and how when the immigrants have arrived they are controlled by their employers. Lastly Shipler used logos again, to show the importance of these aliens in the United States agricultural economy. There must be a reform on immigration, and soon, because no one deserves to withstand these hardships citizen or not.
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