Working Mothers and the Welfare State Essay

Working Mothers and the Welfare State Essay

Length: 2269 words (6.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

"How can we explain the differences in work-family policies in the different welfare states?”

Kimberly Morgan's research approach is policy centred and focuses in particular on gendered polices. In this book, with a historical comparative approach, she tries to explain how “both religious practice and religious conflict are key in the formation of the welfare state”. She emphasizes the relationship between “religion as a political force, gender and familial ideologies, the constellation of political parties and the nature of partisan competition, women's movements, policy legacies, and social structural changes” . As stressed out in the first pages: “this book examines and explain patterns of work-family policies in Sweden, France, the Netherlands and the United States, giving particular attention to child care policy but also looking at parental leave and flexible work-time arrangements. The analysis focuses on how religion has influenced on this dimension of the welfare state.”

As Morgan underlines, gender differences in social policies are explained by women’s movements, by the pressures generated by social structural changes on the welfare state and by ideologies. Given that organized religion is an important source of ideology, we can then say that religion has had a fundamental role in the shaping of the relationship between state, family and gender. In fact organized religions “have sought to maintain their position as the dominant arbiters of community values and morality with giving a great attention over child and family affairs.” An example of religious influence on public welfare policies is the maintenance of the status quo perpetuated by the Christian democracy’s party.

The temporal dimension of the welfa...

... middle of paper ... Kimberly J. Morgan, Stanford University Press, 2006

• Working Mothers and the Welfare State by Kimberly J. Morgan
Review by: Jason Beckfield Social Forces, Vol. 86, No. 2 (Dec., 2007), pp. 867-869 Published by: Oxford University Press

• Miriam Cohen. (2009) Working Mothers and the Welfare State: Religion and the
Politics of Work-Family Policies in Western Europe and the United States, by Kimberly J. Morgan,
Labor History, 50:3, 382-383, DOI: 10.1080/00236560903021649

• Ingela K. Naumann. Working Mothers and the Welfare State: Religion and the
Politics of Work-Family Policies in Western Europe and the United States, by Kimberly J. Morgan,
Journal of European Social Policy DOI: 10.1177/09589287070170030602 2007 17: 286

• Lewis, Jane. Gender and the development of welfare regimes Journal of European Social Policy

, 1992

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Welfare - Greedy Mothers and Lazy Families

- Welfare - Greedy Mothers and Lazy Families      Millions of Americans are signed up for welfare; the program designed to aid poor and needy families. Unfortunately, it has now become a way of life for many. Many argue that welfare is not destroying our culture and creating a dependent people who have learned to abuse certain privileges that come with living in America, but history has proven that this is not true.      When President Clinton signed the welfare reform bill, he said "Today, we are taking a historic chance to make welfare what it was meant to be: a second chance, not a way of life." Welfare was designed to give a boost to the poor-to help struggling families make it through t...   [tags: Welfare State Reform Argumentative]

Research Papers
821 words (2.3 pages)

Welfare: The Government's Failure Essay

- The United States Government has pumped more than $3.5 trillion U.S. taxpayer dollars into welfare but, ironically, the poverty rate is higher than when they started (Tanner, Welfare Reform). This outrageous amount of money proves that welfare will lead United States into debt. The original intent of current welfare benefits has failed; therefore the national welfare system must be reformed. To fully understand how to reform the welfare system Americans must know what the history of welfare is, illegitimate births’ obvious connection to crime and welfare, how welfare has failed to keep the poverty rate down, the great problem of dependency, and finally what reforms must be made....   [tags: unemployment, poverty, welfare reform]

Research Papers
1319 words (3.8 pages)

The Role of Education in Welfare Reform Essay example

- Since the enactment of the Welfare Reform Act in 1996; the new changes have been instrumental in decreasing the number of welfare caseloads and unemployment rates. Many would argue that the reforms for welfare have not been active in requiring that welfare recipients improve their education, skills and job market ability. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program requires welfare recipients to search for a job first in exchange for cash assistance and other welfare benefits. It is also recommended that those who have not earned their high school diploma or equivalent return to school or training program to complete their diplomas while collecting welfare benefits....   [tags: welfare act, tanf, education program]

Research Papers
1628 words (4.7 pages)

The Great Depression Kick Start More Government Welfare Programs Essay

- “There is 109,631,000 living in households taking federal welfare benefits in 2012, according to the Census Bureau, equaled 35.4 percent of all 309,467,000 people living in the United States at that time” (Boyd). The American people used to take pride in being self-reliant and not being dependent on government programs. That all changed until the Great Depression when the stock market crashed and roughly 12 million people lost their jobs. The Great Depression kick start more government welfare programs and people were in need of government programs to help pick them off their feet....   [tags: Unemployment, Welfare, Welfare fraud]

Research Papers
1362 words (3.9 pages)

Welfare Reform - Welfare Recipients MUST take Personal Responsibility Essay

- Welfare Reform - Welfare Recipients MUST take Personal Responsibility      Public Welfare is an important support system of the United States government. Welfare has its benefits, but the system has pitfalls. Instead of abolishing welfare as critics of the system suggest, reforms can be made to correct the problems while government, either on the state or federal level, can continue to assist the impoverished.      The term welfare is used to describe a variety of programs that provide income support and create a safety net for poor individuals and families....   [tags: Public Welfare in America Welfare System]

Research Papers
1242 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Welfare

- Welfare Welfare. Whether you collect it, or you pay for it (and for EVERY working American does one of the two), most citizens of our country are familiar with it. Yet as every second of the day passes, more and more of my money and yours is being allotted to this growing epidemic called welfare. The Personal Responsibility Act, signed by the President, was a monumental change in welfare as we know, or used to know it. The welfare system is still in need or more strict and stringent policy reform, yet the Personal Responsibility Act was a prodigious step in the right direction....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
2972 words (8.5 pages)

Welfare Essay

- Welfare “Welfare, it is on just about everyone’s' mind, whether it is Medicare or the Aid to Families with Dependent Children, which is also called the AFDC. Some believe there is too much and others think there is too little. As the years go by, the need for welfare reform increases.”(Sara) Welfare is constantly being taken advantage of, and it needs to be reformed to solve this problem. Welfare in its current state is a tremendous drain on our economy. With reform, we can keep our economy on the rise for longer amounts of time....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
1286 words (3.7 pages)

Welfare Essay

- Welfare Welfare is a government program that provides money, medical care, food, housing, and other things that people need in order to survive. People who can receive help from these welfare programs are children, elders, disabled, and others who cannot support their families on their current income. Another name for welfare is public assistance. There are many organizations that supply this public assistance. Such as Salvation Army and other groups. Public assistance benefits help many people who live below the poverty line, an income level is established for families....   [tags: essays papers]

Free Essays
853 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Welfare

- To what extent do you believe the government should be involved in welfare today. Under the old welfare system, founded during the Great Depression, the federal government provided fairly uniform benefits to the nation’s poor – mostly mothers and children – with out regard to the details of their personal circumstances, and with no time limit. But as the times changed, changes that should have been made years ago, didn’t become effective until the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in August of 1996....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
846 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about Welfare

- How Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low-Wage Work Many struggle to live without government aid and other public assistance, but now we are living in a system where people went from welfare to work and back to welfare with a slowing economy those who got off of welfare went on make 9 to 12 hour for the first time in there lives and now what is happening once again is the is that people are back to a lower paying jobs or no job having to make a decisions about the ends justifying the means the authors talk a lot about what a mother would have to go through in order to make ends meet, but what they did not speak of is the single moms who are making it on low end paying jobs....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
789 words (2.3 pages)