The Work Of Ida Jean Orlando And Her Deliberative Nursing Process Theory

The Work Of Ida Jean Orlando And Her Deliberative Nursing Process Theory

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This theory analysis paper focuses on the work of Ida Jean Orlando and her Deliberative Nursing Process Theory. Ida Jean Orlando was one of the first nursing theorist that developed a nursing process theory based on her own research and analysis. She established the Deliberative Nursing Process Theory which focuses on the interaction between the nurse and patient. The nurse’s goal is aimed at improving the patient’s immediate situation by relieving stress or discomfort and with effective communication, create a positive nurse-patient relationship. Her theory was developed from observations she recorded on actual nurse-patient interactions in the 1950’s. Orlando looked for “good” versus “bad” outcomes in nursing to determine effective or ineffective nursing practices. The nurse must be focused on the patient’s verbal and nonverbal expressions of need to alleviate distress. Based on her observations, she learned the patient must be the central component.
Ida Jean Orlando’s theory focuses on problem-solving, decision-making, and providing individualized nursing care. It is an essential part of the nursing care plan. The Deliberative Nursing Process consists of five stages: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. These stages focus on creating patient improvement or positive outcomes for patients (Wayne, 2014). The entire process is cyclical, individualized, and flexible, as you can determine whether to continue or modify the plan of care, or terminate the plan of care if the goals were achieved. All five steps are interrelated and depend on the accuracy of each of the preceding steps. The stages are collaborative as well. The nurse is required to communicate with the patient, their family, an...


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...es at the hospital (“Theoretical Framework,” n.d.).
NURSING THEORIST PAPER 4
Personally, I think Orlando’s theory is a straight forward, patient-centered, basic nursing theory. The patient has a need, which we meet in order to relieve the patient’s distress. This theory facilitates discovery of the needs of patients and open communication, and is useful to practice in a variety of settings.
In researching Idea Jean Orlando and her theory, I learned she received her Master of Arts in Mental Health consultation and devoted her life to mental health and psychiatric nursing. I thought this was rather interesting, seeing as I am just beginning my career as a psychiatric mental health nurse. I believe Orlando’s theory is most certainly beneficial to my position as a RN.

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