Several unique attributes distinguish vitamin C from other substances. Vitamin C is a snow white, powdery sugar that is water soluble (Nicolaou & Montagnon, 2008). As evidenced from its basic chemical formula of C6H8O6, vitamin C is organic. Additionally, in a more complex analysis, we will find that it is both an alcohol and an acid which has a carbon ring (has 6 carbons) and a double bonded oxygen atom (Dubé, 2011). Two major types of vitamin C exist today, ascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid. Ascorbic acid is in a simple, reduced form whereas dehydroascorbic acid is in an oxidized (positively charged) state (Nualart, Rivas, Monticenos, et al, 2003). Vitamin C is prevalent in an amplitude of foods. We can find it in several types of citrus fruits including oranges, tangerines, grapefruit, and clementines. Moreover, green and red vegetables are a rich source for this vitamin. Bell peppers, strawberries, tomatoes, peas, and broccoli all fall into that category. Oranges are one of the best sources with 90 mg of vitamin C per 100 grams. On the other hand, peas and tomatoes have...
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Hemila, H. (1999). Vitamin C supplementation and common cold symptoms: Factors
affecting the magnitude of the benefit . Medical Hypotheses, 52(5), 171-178.
Hemila, H., & Louhiala, P. (2011). Vitamin C for preventing and treating pneumonia. The Cochrane Collaboration, 7, 1-33.
Nicolaou, K. C. & Montagnon, T. (2008). Molecules That Changed The World.(1st ed.) Germany: Wiler-VCH.
Nualart, F. J., Rivas, C. I., Montecinos, V. P., Godoy, A. S., Guaiquil, V. H., Golde, D. W., & Vera, J. C. (2003). Recycling of vitamin C by a bystander effect. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(12), 10128-10133.
Smith, A., Primio, G. D., & Humphrey-Murto, S. (2011). Scurvy in the developed world. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 183(11), e752 - e755.
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