Before the standardization of Christian doctrine, early Christians created a large number of sects based on their diverse understanding of Christianity and its implications. The view about women is a subject in particular. In “God The Father/God The Mother”, Elaine Pagels outlines Orthodoxy and Gnostics’ distinct attitudes toward women in Christianity in terms of symbolism of god and women’s religious and social roles. She then explains how the change of Christians’ social status and the conversion of Hellenized Jews promote Orthodoxy’s constraining idea of women finally out-compete Gnostic’s supportive one. Sharing the same opinion with Pagels, I would add that the degree of popularity of the Christianity and ·the assimilation of Christianity by Egyptian, Mediterranean and Persian religions also take crucial role in the transformation of attitudes to women, from affirming to suppressive.
Initially, during mid-1st century, as a newly-established sect, Christian doctrines were shared by only a small number of people and needed as much individuals as possible gathering together to propagandize and develop the sect to a strong religion; therefore, even though deriving from Judaism which discriminated and excluded female, Christians at that time welcomed the contribution from not only men but also women, generating a gender egalitarian atmosphere. The intend of including more female believers and the ideas of sexual equality were clearly reflected in Gospels written between 70 AD to 100 AD. In the gospel of Mark 5:25-34, talked by Professor Chang in class, for example, Jesus is described to cure a woman who suffered from unusually consisting menstrual bleeding for more than 10 years. (Chang “Socio-political Challenge of the Jesu...
... middle of paper ...
...and social factors, the future cannot as well. Therefore, if we could analyze the nowadays political and social conditions well, we probably can make a prediction about the future days.
Bentley, Jerry, and Herbert Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters: A Globa Perspective on the Past. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.
Chang, Edmond. “The Socio-political Challenge of the Jesus Movement.” Making of the Modern World 12, University of California, San Diego. La Jolla, California. 9 January 2014. Lecture.
Chang, Edmond, ed. MMW 12: Classical and Medieval Tradition. Comp. Edmond Chang. La Jolla: University of California, San Diego, 2013. 81-88. Print.
Mary. “Gospel of Mary” Chang 95-100
Thomas. “The Gospel of Thomas” Chang 89-93
Pagels, Elaine. “God the Father/God the Mother: The Gnostic Gospels and the Suppression of Early Christian Feminism.” Chang 141-155
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Throughout human history, customs derived from mythical and religious social traditions have provided cultural explanations regarding the evolution of the roles of men and women and the variations between the structures of the lives of the sexes (Sapiro 28). Although many see America as a country of equal opportunities for all, including women, most forget the struggle and hardship thousands faced to earn this God-given right. Professor Barry Bull of Indiana University speculates on the current infrastructure of American society: “If we do not expect this institution to treat citizens fairly in these various roles, the hope that we will be able to achieve anything like a recognizably just so... [tags: equality, gender roles, women]
1464 words (4.2 pages)
- According to the observations of Vogel, Porter and Kebbell (2014: 91), women who are associated with violence e.g. within terrorist or counter-terrorist operations, are treated with fascination, or are put forward as examples of the abnormal. As a consequence, these views also perpetrates a pervasive discourse that still sees women as are an unusual presence on the frontline of battlefields, with the “large-scale participation” of women in what is still seen as a male-dominated role treated in a dismissive nature (91).... [tags: social issues, women's role]
2484 words (7.1 pages)
- The position that women have in religious scripture has given them a lesser spot in society. When God created a man it made sense to create his partner, the female. Because the man is created first and then the women from his rib, the female gender in religious scripture has been discriminated on. This is shown in the various books of the Old and New Testaments, teachings of Jesus Christ, and the Qur’an. First, the Old Testament illustrates women as the corrupter of men. Next, the teachings of Jesus show more equality among genders even though the New Testament does not.... [tags: Women, feminism, Religion, Scriptures, ]
1664 words (4.8 pages)
- Depiction of Females in Religious Art There are two ways women can be depicted in art: submissive to a man, or dominating him. Women who dominate the men are often seen in a negative light because their power is often in the form of seduction, and because dominant women are considered out of line with social gender roles. There are two types of women depicted in religious art. There are heroines, such as Jael and Judith, among others, and temptresses such as Delilah. Females in religious art, and art in general, follow archetypes set by Eve and the Virgin Mary.... [tags: Jesus, Bible, Hebrew Bible people, Judas Iscariot]
1554 words (4.4 pages)
- Since the creation of time women have always had to submit to the power and authority of men; starting with ancient civilizations such as Egyptian and Greek and up to the Renaissance period women had always come second to men. The powers in government, roles in society, and duties at home during these two time periods have moderately transformed over time but continued to be suppressed by the male dominant figure leading up to and through out the Renaissance period. Therefore continuing to limit the advancement of women by creating an unequal and mediocre social order.... [tags: Women's Rights ]
2203 words (6.3 pages)
- Two-Thirds World "We can reasonably ask whether the emerging Christian traditions of the Two-Thirds World have recaptured themes and trends in Christianity that the older churches have forgotten, and if so, what we can learn from their insights. The critical question must be to determine what is the authentic religious content, and what is cultural baggage" (Jenkins 2006, 178). Some of the traditions worth mentioning are but first should be defined. Creative terms for how much of the world is unsaved or have not declared Jesus Christ as the Savior of their life, are invented every day by those who answer to call as missionaries to go and proclaim that Jesus Christ is and should be the L... [tags: Jesus, Bible, Christianity, Religious text]
1177 words (3.4 pages)
- The dynamics of the characters and relationships represented in Bernard Shaw’s Man and Superman have created a buzz of critical debate among the world of theater for the past century. The focus typically remains on two of the main characters, Ann Whitefield and John “Jack” Tanner, in an effort to examine in entirety whether the characters represent gender roles that oppose the accepted social norm or whether the characters actually support the typical gender roles. Bernard Shaw, when viewed by the standards of his time and perhaps modern society as well, constructed a dramatic representation that is supportive of the political ideas concerning the social equality of the sexes.... [tags: Characters, Film Analysis, Gender Roles]
1367 words (3.9 pages)
- Women’s roles in independence movements throughout the Middle East were as varied as their male counterparts’, though arguably not as well remembered. Many women rebelled from within traditional feminine spaces, as defined by colonizers and male nationals, rather than vying for roles in the traditional political sphere. Female and male revolutionaries risked the same dangers, but almost invariably women did not hold any significant leadership positions within nationalistic movements. Colonial powers often did not differentiate between male and female enemy combatants, punishing both with equal severity.... [tags: Women's Rights]
840 words (2.4 pages)
- In ancient India, women occupied a very important position, a superior position to men. To understand the position of women in Hinduism, we must recognize the Hindu scriptures guidelines to a woman’s position in Hindu society, but fail to address some roles of a Hindu woman specifically. This vague generalization of a woman’s role in the religious spectrum leaves open interpretation for the woman. Conflict arises when women are criticized by men, for the way they interpret the guidelines. Critically, we begin with the Hindu scriptures, because it is the heart and source of their cultural norms which can be perceived as an expression of the perceptions of the way of life.... [tags: Ancient India, Gender Roles]
1703 words (4.9 pages)
- Education and Women’s Social Roles The expectations held by a society define the roles of its members. While many factors influence the parts individuals play in their cultures and communities, education has always been the crucial element in the establishment of social roles. Education was the catalyst which changed women's roles in society from what they were in the late 1800s to what they are now. In the latter years of the nineteenth century, women's roles in American society underwent gradual but definite growth, spurred on by a rapidly changing society.... [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
1916 words (5.5 pages)