The Women 's Labor Service Essay examples

The Women 's Labor Service Essay examples

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The next text analyzed for this study is the first monograph read for the study, therefore, there is a lot of information that had not been previously discussed by the latter authors: Claudia Koonz 's 1987 text Mothers in the Fatherland. The author begins her text with a Preface where she discusses her interview with Gertrude Scholtz-Klink, the leader of the Women 's Labor Service. While this is not the first time in the study that Scholtz-Klink 's name appears, but Koonz 's discussion of the interview personifies Scholtz-Klink, rather than just make her a two-dimensional character in historical research. For the first time in this study, the reader can understand the reasoning some people (right or wrong) sided with the Nazi Party. The interview also demonstrates the biases that can occur when one utilizes someone 's personal accounts and memories for the purposes of historical study. Aside from the interview, Koonz utilizes the Preface to begin the discussion of her argument (which she carries into the Introduction) where she argues that not only were women "active" subjects of the Nazi Party they were to be blamed for Hitler 's victory. It is from this perspective that she writes the rest of her text.
Whereas the previous authors of this study seemed to only focus on women 's labor and women of working-age, Koonz expands her focus to include women and politics, women 's movements, women and religion, women 's resistance, and Jewish women.
While Hitler was known for wanting women in a secondary position to men and in the homes making pure Aryan children, there were a few exceptions to this, and Koonz explores some women of power during the Third Reich. She specifically discusses Gertrude Scholtz-Klink throughout the text, but...

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... all backgrounds (including Jewish) were accustomed to secondary/lesser treatment of Jews already. She is also able to give the reader a better understanding of the confusion and perversion of the Third Reich. While Jews were being persecuted in the early 1930s, there was not a legal meaning for "Jew" until 1935,and Jewish women and children were sent to mass execution sites first because of the "chivalry" of Nazi Guard.
Koonz 's text is a great introductory monograph because it touches of many different aspects of lives for women during the Third Party. Koonz expands the study past the laboring woman or the married woman; she includes women of different ages, religions, and in different positions of power. She only touches on elderly women, but at least begins the discussion. Koonz 's text is an inspiration for future scholars and for other scholars of this study.

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