Women 's Experience Of Sexual Assault Essay

Women 's Experience Of Sexual Assault Essay

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College women’s experience of sexual assault has a negative effect on their psychological and physical well-being. Experiencing sexual assault places college female students at high risk of harmful mental health problems. Depressive symptoms among college women was one of the most deleterious mental consequences after suffering sexually assaulting (Chang, et al., 2015). In addition, sexual assault victims described more post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than non-victimized women in historically Black colleges or universities (Lindquist et al., 2013). Therefore, sexual assault is fairly harmful to college women’s psychological well-being. After the tragedy occurs, some victims may seek help from parents, friends, police, consulting psychologists, or other relevant institutions, whereas the others may engage in health risk behavior to regulate negative effects. For example, Littleton and his colleagues (2013) found that sexual assault history was a stronger predictor of depressive, anxiety, hazardous drinking and risky sexual behavior than for female students without sexual assault history. Notably, they illuminated the mediate effects of depression and anxiety on the relationship between sexual assault experience and health risk behaviors. In other words, victims utilized hazardous drinking and risky sexual behavior as a strategy to regulate depression and anxiety caused by sexual assault.
In school setting, the negative effects of sexual assault spill over into academic domain. Jordan and her colleagues (2014) found that that college women who suffered rape or sexual assault before or during college were more likely to have lower GPA than women without trauma. They postulated that sexual assault would lead to cognitive impair...


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... assault. We posit that expressive writing will facilitate cognitive impairment and depression of victimizations in college, which in turn, contribute to improve their academic achievement.
Measure
Depressive symptoms. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D scale) which consists of twenty short items is employed to assess current depressive symptoms (Radloff, 1977). The major components of depressive symptomatology consists of depressed mood, feelings of guilt and worthlessness, feelings of helplessness and hopelessness, psychomotor retardation, loss of appetite, and sleep disturbance (Radloff, 1977). Subjects respond to how often they have felt this way during the past week on a four-point Likert scale which ranges from 0 (rarely or none of the time) to 3(most or all of the time). One example of item is, “I thought my life had been a failure”.

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