Drawing on the work of Becker, Lee explains that there is a theory for social deviance. In this theory, no one is innately (biologically) deviant. This deviance is a social construction by those who are at the center of power. This dominant hegemonic social group determines what is considered to be ‘normal’ and then labels anyone is outside that standard of normal as deviant. (Lee 192). Using this theory as a backbone, the following historical analysis of shamanism in Korea reveals the social construction of shamans as deviants. This is also related to the fact that most Shamans tend to be women. Because women are not filling their roles as mothers and wives they are labelled deviants. Because shamans are women who are not in their roles of mothers and wives and they are also going against the dominant form of religion, they are labelled as deviants. Shamans have undergone numerous institutional attempts to eliminate it over a long period of time.
It is important to understand that before the Chosun Dynasty women in Korea had a degree of freedom that they did not later on. Under the Koryo Dynasty (918-1392) there was intrafamilial economic interdependence that allowed for women to have economic and social freedom. She did not have to depend on her husband for money or social power. She had connections to her brothers for most of her life. If a husband was found unsuitable she could then divorce him and she would still be attractive in marriage. If she was a widow she was not considered a burden to her family. It is important to understand that women were acceptable in society in variety of situations – not simply as a wife and a mother (Deuchler 143). This is relevant because to show the ...
... middle of paper ...
... is potential in this shamanic ritual that may perhaps one day lead to a woman’s equality.
Another way that the shamanic ritual allows women to escape their social duties and challenge the status quo is through having an economic opportunity. Although money is important for the survival and equality of women the economic aspect of this does not want to be overemphasized. Some scholars argue that denying an economic aspect of religion limits the analysis of what is taking place (Lee 193). However, this is a very western hegemonic capitalist and capitalistic way of looking at a shamanic ritual. Historically shamanism was a way for women to make money. A woman having a form of economic freedom was outside the dominant neo-Confucian ideology of what position a woman should of ideally been in. In more recent history, shamanism have gained economic success.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Religions have been significant and have influenced people past and present. Shamanism and Buddhism have remained well-known religions among Korean people because of their history. Women were more socially permitted than restricted by those religious beliefs, the Silla bone rank system rigidly focused on the inborn rank more than gender. Females were eminent in such shamanistic views as totemism and spiritualism. Animals have often been metaphorized and have played roles in Korean myths. Some shamanistic factors, which are animals and heaven, were revealed in the myth of Tan’gun, who was the founder of ancient Chosŏn.... [tags: Gender Studies]
915 words (2.6 pages)
- Shamanism To truly understand the meaning of shamanism one must uncover the original definition. The word shaman comes from the language of the Evenk, a small Tungus-speaking group of hunters and reindeer herders from Siberia. It was first used only to designate a religious specialist from this region. By the beginning of the 20th century it was already being applied to a variety of North America and South American practices from the present and the past. Today people have gone as far as defining the word shaman as any human that acknowledges that he/she has had contact with spiritual entities.... [tags: Spirit Shaman Shamanism Essays]
1686 words (4.8 pages)
- This has been called the realm of the relative and from a shamanic perspective as well as a scientific one this is absolutely true. It is also often overlooked and ignored, although this is one of the biggest mistakes that one can make. Why is this. Let us first look at it from the scientific or Ordinary Reality perspective. Many scholars, researchers, and scientist claim that the greatest discovery in mankind’s history was actually made by Professor Albert Einstein and is called the “Theory of Relativity.” The reason they say this is that by being able to explain and understand how everything relates to everything else is the key to advancing or evolving our knowledge about everything.... [tags: Philosophy ]
1494 words (4.3 pages)
- Shamanism has not been a concept with one succinct definition. However, there have been varying extents of specificity within the definition. Mircea Eliade defines shamanism as an archaic technique of ecstasy. In Graham Harvey’s Shamanism: A Reader, he does not unify to one specific construe of shamanism in his writings, preferably he establishes the ambit of controversy and diversity between various definitions to foresight the extent shamanism has in comparison to other definitions. Shamanism, History, and the State by Nicholas Thomas and Caroline Humphrey debate that people have been corrupted with finding one definition of shamanism that they no longer take into account the controversy w... [tags: cave paintings, archaic technique of ecstacy]
1604 words (4.6 pages)
- Shamanism: The Siberian Paradigm in the Analysis of Shamans THE ANALYS OF THE SHAMAN: A BRIEF INTRODUCTION King Louis IX of France, a devout Roman Catholic who is venerated as saint and exemplary Christian monarch, received a harrowing report from a Franciscan monk in 1255. The Monk Wilhelm av Ruysbroek, who had been sent to the court of Mongolia on behalf of France, retold the account of an oracle that invoked spirits with sorcery and fed an evil darkness with drum music and boiled meat. Scholars now realize that this account describes the first encounter a Westerner experienced with shamanistic rituals (Siikala, A.L.... [tags: Religion]
1891 words (5.4 pages)
- Shamanism Shamanism in Anthropology has been an entity in a constant metamorphosis. It has always been considered exotic and its existence around the globe was never contradicted. However, over the years it did not receive the scholarly attention that it so requires. The age of discovery garnered a multitude of information on shamanism all over the world. The reporters invested a great deal of accuracy in the gathering of the information, but their observational skills were mostly underdeveloped.... [tags: essays research papers]
2041 words (5.8 pages)
- Shamanism A Shaman is a member of a tribal society who acts as a medium between the visible world and an invisible spirit world and who practices magic or sorcery for purposes of healing, divination, and control over natural events. Shamanism is the oldest folk belief of the Korean people in which every natural object in the world has a soul. In order to connect with the power of the supernatural the Shaman is taken over by a spirit by liberating their mind from natural limitation. This process is achieved through the use of drugs such as tobacco or soma, spinning or dancing, drumming, or singing of deep tones (Haines Brown).... [tags: Spirit Spiritualism Korea Korean Essays]
433 words (1.2 pages)
- Shamanism and the Indigenous Peoples of Siberia Shamanism plays a role within most tribal communities of the indigenous peoples of Siberia. Within the community the shaman has many roles; one of his main roles is that of a healer. The function of the shaman is closely related to the spirit world (Eliade 71). A shaman uses ecstatic trance to communicate with spirits. Spirits are integral to a shaman’s ability to heal within his community. “Shamanic activity is generally a public function” (Grim 11-12).... [tags: Cultural Anthropology]
2085 words (6 pages)
- Shamanism To say the sacred trances of Bali and Java was an inspirational film would be an understatement. The power of the people Bali originating from their faith and belief in their religious convictions was truly amazing. The closest thing in this country to that type of mental state is the state of hypnosis. There religious ceremonies stem from their cultures and the merging of two different worlds. This imergance created a truly remarkable civilization. The film "Sacred Trances of Bali and Java" was just one portion of this society.... [tags: essays papers]
1395 words (4 pages)
- “During the twentieth century, poor women in the Caribbean were pulled into a predictable, gendered, labor pattern operating at investment sites in the region. In this pattern poor men leave home to find temporary, labor-intensive employment in the initial phases of economic development. Women follow later to take up more permanent service employment as maids, domestics, and cleaners” (Almer, 99). The significance of the quote is its showing the emergence of a labor model that has shaped the Caribbean for generations.... [tags: History, Caribbean Women]
484 words (1.4 pages)
- Critical Look at Britain in the Years Following World War II
- Fasicsm Through a Gender Lens
- The African American Struggle for Equality and Identity in Ralph Ellison's Battle Royal
- "Stargirl" Analysis
- Developing the Strategic Plan for Civista Medical Center as They Implement a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program
- Defending the Practice of Religion in Public Schools