Essay about Women in Early Europe

Essay about Women in Early Europe

Length: 777 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Were the Witch-Hunts in Pre-modern Europe Misogynistic? The “YES” article by, Anne Llewellyn Barstow, “On Studying Witchcraft as Woman’s History” and the “NO” article by, Robin Briggs, “Women as Victims? Witches, Judges and the Community,” will be compared, and summarized.

Anne Llewellyn Barstow finds that there was a disproportionate amount of women who were accused of Witchcraft in Western Europe between 1400 and 1650. Barstow moves on to point out through the text that these Women were victims of Misogyny due to the definition of Witchcraft being so broad and actually fitting the descriptions of the lives of many women. The patriarchal society of Europe at the time also bound women to lives of a lesser class if they were not living under the protection of men. Women were also seen as sex objects, and were seen as a threat to men who viewed women as untrustworthy and whorish. The findings of her research and views led Barstow to find that women were more likely to be accused and put to death for Witchcraft than men, as they were seen as minors before the courts and could not hold high positions but, they could be accused before the court for the heinous act of Witchery. Women were blamed for every malfunction of their reproductive systems, including stillbirth and were also blamed for preventing conception. Barstow believes that the first ever accounts of Witchcraft prosecution rose in the fifteenth century Europe as a means to control women’s sexual and reproductive lives. Barstow states, that in the English county of Essex, an amazing 92 percent of those accused of Witchcraft were women. The author proves that authors of the day do not concentrate on Women as the victims. In fact Women’s issues were merely brushed o...

... middle of paper ...

...e more compelling. Barstow argument proved that there was little tangible evidence from that era that proved her points that misoginism was the reason for the brutality against Witches. The only real support was the lack of gender bias proof that she felt was purposely omitted from History. Briggs proved with the books that he referenced, that many minority groups were targets not just women. Briggs agrees that there were more women found guilty of the crime due to disparity in economic standing, but also shows that men were also victims because of the lack of resources. The Medieval states had persecuted minority groups and organized campaigns against religious dissidents Briggs states. Although I believe that Women were unfairly treated in Early Europe, I feel that Briggs pointed out more reasons that Witches were targets of social circumstance, not just gender.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Unfair Prosecution of Women: Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe Essay example

- Introduction and Research Process Malleus Maleficarum was written 1486 by Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger concerning the prosecution of witches. The purpose of the work was to prove that witchcraft was indeed real, and that it was primarily practiced by women. It is widely believed that approximately 60,000 people were executed and somewhere around twice that number were put on trial. The question is why did witchcraft become such a common crime, and why did women become prosecuted for being witches....   [tags: Malleus Maleficarum, Heinrich Kramer]

Better Essays
1916 words (5.5 pages)

The Control of Women in Early Modern Europe Essay

- Do you believe in equal rights for women. During the sixteenth and seventeenth century, the rights of women were restricted when compared to the rights of men. Many of these rights were based upon the social and marital status of the woman, but regardless of her status, she had less rights than her husband. As I will argue in this paper, men controlled women and limited their rights with regard to guardianship, serving as a witness, and owning property. Women were viewed as inferior to men and often considered unable to make intellectual decisions....   [tags: female rights in the XVI & XVII century]

Better Essays
1194 words (3.4 pages)

The Early Modern Era Of Western Europe Essay

- The early modern era in Western Europe was a dangerous place for women with the rise of so called “witches” populating towns and country sides. With the peak of these witch trials happening between 1560 and 1640 in England (the making of the west 499). This caused the people of Europe to live in fear of the devil and his counterparts on earth. Over 80 percent of victims of these witch trials were women and thousands upon thousands of trials taking place all across Europe and the North American Colonies at the time as well (motw 500)....   [tags: Witchcraft, Witch-hunt, Early modern period]

Better Essays
1594 words (4.6 pages)

Differences Between the Women of the Early 17th Century to the Women of the Late 17th Century

- Between the late 16th century and the mid 17th century, Europe had undergone transitional changes. From the beginning of criticisms of the Catholic Church to the rise of the Enlightenment, Europe was rejecting hierarchical systems. Men and women were fed up with the hypocrisy of the church, which was using religion as a tool to control society. Women played an important role in society as their duties were primarily in the household. Men believed that women were unfit for leadership, however women were often labeled temptresses because of manipulative techniques that caused men to sin....   [tags: catholic church, enlighment, europe]

Better Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Functions of festivals in Early Modern Europe

- Functions of festivals in Early Modern Europe 'What were the functions of popular festivals, etc. in Early Modern Europe. And why did the authorities, civil and ecclesiastical seek to control or suppress them?' In Early Modern Europe festivals were the setting for heroes and their stories, to be celebrated by the populace. They posed a change from their everyday life. In those days people lived in remembrance of one festival and in expectance of the next. Different kinds of festivals were celebrated in different ways....   [tags: European Europe History]

Free Essays
2675 words (7.6 pages)

Women's Identity in the Early 1900's Essay examples

- Ibsen wrote this play in 1879. It is a three-act play with prose dialogue. The play takes place in the 19th century in Europe. It is a play about a woman, who struggles to find her own identity. The main point is women need treated as humans and not dolls. Women need to know their place and that they have rights. They also have duties as a wife and mother. As a wife, they need to be trustworthy and as a mother, they need to be role models. As do husbands need to respect their wife and know that, they have their own opinions and titled to them....   [tags: Women Studies, Symbolism, Independence]

Better Essays
1354 words (3.9 pages)

Allegations of both Male and Female Witches in Early Modern Europe Essay

- The witch hunts in early modern Europe were extensive and far reaching. Christina Larner, a sociology professor at the University of Glasgow and an influential witchcraft historian provides valuable insight into the witch trials in early modern Europe in her article 'Was Witch-Hunting Woman-Hunting?'. Larner writes that witchcraft was not sex-specific, although it was sex-related (Larner, 2002). It cannot be denied that gender plays a tremendous role in the witch hunts in early modern Europe, with females accounting for an estimated 80 percent of those accused (Larner, 2002)....   [tags: demonic texts, religious beliefs/hunts]

Better Essays
1940 words (5.5 pages)

What Does Magic, Death And Early Modern Europe All Have? Essay example

- What does magic, death and early modern Europe all have in common. Witches. In pop culture today witches are seen as ugly, sometimes green women with pointed hats. In early modern Europe witches were seen very differently and deadly. Witchcraft trials were rampant throughout Europe from the 14th to the 16th century’s. Peak witch hunting mania hit mostly between 1580 to 1630. Some estimated 50,000 people persecuted as witches were hanged, burned and tortured to death. The reason has mystified historians and enthusiasts for years....   [tags: Witchcraft, Witch-hunt, Salem witch trials]

Better Essays
991 words (2.8 pages)

The Bog Bodies of Northern Europe Essay

- On the morning of May 3, 1983, an eight year old Irish boy named Sean O’Leary wandered around a peat bog, accompanying his father who worked nearby in the fields. He was completely clueless to the secrets the mud was holding. As he explored the bog he encountered upon what he claimed was a forgotten toy. Once home when presented the object to his father, they realized the “forgotten toy” was a cadaver’s hand. Unbeknownst to them, this well-preserved body part came from a body that had been buried in a swamp a thousand years earlier, a common practice at that time all across Northern Europe....   [tags: huldremose Women, Gallagh Man]

Better Essays
1709 words (4.9 pages)

Women and their Roles in Pre-Industrial Europe Essay

- The Women, Family, and Household of Pre-Industrial Europe Many of people today feel trapped inside their homes, just how the women of Pre-Industrial Europe felt. Working day in and day out inside the homes, just to keep the family together, and make a little money on the side, these women were an integral part of Pre-Industrial families. Not only were the women important to Pre-Industrial European families, but so were the households. Much of the money was made in the households, and this is where families either succeeded or failed....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
1237 words (3.5 pages)