Women and the Arab Spring: Navigating Harsh Political Terrains Essay examples

Women and the Arab Spring: Navigating Harsh Political Terrains Essay examples

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One of the main critiques of the Middle East, by the West has been Arab women’s apparent lack of power. With the 2011 Arab uprisings, a different type of image arose for a while. This image publicized an active Arab woman, who was at the forefront of a non-violent protest movement, politically active and fighting for democracy. Women came out in large numbers; thousands joining male protesters in squares in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Syria, Bahrain and Yemen. This participation gave a sense of equity as both men and women stood side by side fighting for their nation’s democracy. Furthermore, women played crucial roles in organizing the protests and giving the movement an international audience using: social media, blogs, videos, outreach to news sources. At the sit-ins, they provided necessities such as medical care, and rations. The Arab Spring did a great job showing the world that the Arab female had presence and agency in the political discourse. However with this agency came new forms of violence against them. Women have been countless victims of both the States and the protesters.
Gendered violence in the Arab revolutions are political. Amidst the chaos of the revolution emerged new forms of violence that targeted women. It was through fear and trauma that the Arab governments tried to regulate female bodies. The Government’s regulation implied that violence against women was the same as violence against the revolution. Johanna Oksala states, “Violence is often the ultimate threat through which a power relation is established and upheld.” The torture of women was symbolic of “power and hierarchy” that the government had over them. Using this violence, the government intended to silence women. The government deployed...


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...State. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003.

Kaplan, Caren, Norma Alarcón, and Minoo Moallem. Between woman and nation: nationalisms, transnational feminisms, and the state. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.

Agamben, Giorgio. 2005. State of exception. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hickman, Tom R. ‘Between Human Rights and the Rule of Law: Indefinite Detention and the Derogation Model of Constitutionalism’, The Modern Law Review. 68 (4): 655-668. (2005)

Oraá, Jaime. Human rights in States of Eemergency in International Law. Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press, 1992

LEGAL DOCCUMENTS
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR; entered into force 1976), Art. 4; European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR; entered into force 1950), Art. 15; American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR; entered into force 1978), Art. 27.







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