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Dorothea Lynde Dix
Harriet Tubman (1820-1913) was a former slave who escaped slavery in 1849 at the age of 29. Harriet was passionate about saving other slaves from slavery. She began the Underground Railroad and helped lead over 300 slaves to freedom. Union officers recruited Harriet as a spy shortly after she volunteered to cook and be a nurse at a military hospital. She became the first woman to help lead a military expedition. She assisted Colonel James Montgomery plan a night raid to free slaves working at rice plantations along the Combahee River. Harriet and several black soldiers traveled up the river and freed around 750 slaves on June 1, 1863.
Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) was a prominent American author who wrote over 30 books in her lifetime. She is greatly remembered for her book Hospital Sketches, which she wrote to home while serving as an army nurse during the Civil War. Growing up, her home was a stop on the Underground Railroad and this helped her realize the effects of slavery on these slaves. She wanted to help in any way she could. In December 1862, Alcott left for the Union hospital in Georgetown, outside of Washington, DC, to become a nurse. She had no formal training as a nurse and no formal training was required. The only requirements were to be sober minded, mature, and plain-looking.
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- Women in the Civil War From eighteen sixteen one to eighteen sixteen five, America experienced the bloodiest war since it was first founded. For years the country was unified as one but after a certain man was elected as the sixteenth president. The southern states decided to seceded from the northern states, due to Abrams Lincolns stance on slavery, which contained the possibly to liberate the slaves and to abolish slavery itself. Due to the southerner’s dependency on slavery, which was mainly for free labor, and seeing them as property rather than people with the fact that the southerners wanted it to remain that way, naturally lead to the decision of them leaving and leave they did.... [tags: American Civil War, Confederate States of America]
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Louisa May Alcott
Kady Brownwell (1842-?) was the daughter of a Scottish soldier in the British army. She moved to Providence, Rhode Island where she met her soon to be husband. Being as her father was a soldier, Kady had felt obligated to fight in a war. The day after Fort Sumter (a.k.a. the Battle of Bull Run) surrendered to the Confederate troops, Kady and her husband enlisted in Company 11, Rhode Island Infantry, for a 3 month enlistment. She soon made it clear that she wanted to be in on the action and not just carry water and food for the other soldiers. She proved to have one of the best shots of the group. She miraculously survived numerous battles. After her enlistment ended, Brownwell and her husband enlisted in the 5th Rhode Island Infantry. Her husband was badly wounded in a battle soon after they enlisted and she would be sent home to help her husband recover.